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Vocab Hw


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Jeopardy game to guess computer hardware terms, goes with the presentation "Computer Hardware".

Published in: Technology
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Vocab Hw

  1. 1. Computer Hardware Vocabulary
  2. 2. Computer <ul><li>Electronic device that </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1) takes in data and instructions (input) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2) works with the data (processing) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3) puts out information (output), </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Consists of hardware and software. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Hardware <ul><li>Parts of a computer system that you can touch. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Input device <ul><li>Hardware used to input data, </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: Keyboard, mouse </li></ul>
  5. 5. Output device <ul><li>Hardware used to output information, </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: Printers and monitors </li></ul>
  6. 6. Storage device <ul><li>Hardware used to store data, </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: Hard drive, floppy drive, CD drive. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Hard drive (HD) <ul><li>Storage device built into a computer, sometimes external. </li></ul><ul><li>Holds data files and program files, even when the computer crashes or is turned off. </li></ul><ul><li>40 MB and bigger. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Motherboard <ul><li>Plain board, </li></ul><ul><li>contains the computer's basic circuits and parts, like the CPU, the RAM, the BIOS, expansion slots and buses. </li></ul>
  9. 9. CPU/ (Micro-)Processor <ul><li>most important part of a computer. </li></ul><ul><li>brain of the computer, </li></ul><ul><li>processes data and instructions, </li></ul><ul><li>Central Processing Unit </li></ul>
  10. 10. ALU <ul><li>part of the CPU, </li></ul><ul><li>performs arithmetic and logic operations like additions, comparisons, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Arithmetic Logic Unit </li></ul>
  11. 11. Clock rate <ul><li>Speed of the processor to execute instructions, </li></ul><ul><li>measured in megahertz (MHz =Million clock cycles per second) or gigahertz (GHz =Billion clock cycles per second). </li></ul>
  12. 12. BIOS <ul><li>Basic Input Output System, </li></ul><ul><li>wakes up the computer when you turn it on, </li></ul><ul><li>starts the operating system. </li></ul>
  13. 13. ROM <ul><li>The BIOS resides on a such a memory chip, </li></ul><ul><li>Read Only Memory. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Boot process <ul><li>Sequence of events that happens </li></ul><ul><ul><li>after turning a computer on and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>before it gets ready. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. RAM <ul><li>Everything disappears here when power is off </li></ul><ul><li>holds data and programs while the CPU uses them, </li></ul><ul><li>Random access memory, </li></ul><ul><li>Types: SDRAM, RDRAM. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Bus <ul><li>Path for data on the motherboard. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Expansion Card <ul><li>Special purpose circuit board to expand the capability of a computer, </li></ul><ul><li>Example: video card. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Expansion Slots <ul><li>Slots on the motherboard for expansion cards </li></ul>
  19. 19. Chip <ul><li>Tiny piece of silicon with electronic circuits, </li></ul><ul><li>CPU and memory (RAM and ROM) live on those, </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated circuit. </li></ul>