Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Stratification of sports and fitness at high schools


Published on

Published in: Education, Health & Medicine
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Stratification of sports and fitness at high schools

  1. 1. Stratification of Sports and Fitness at High Schools of Different Socio-Economic Status By: Raymond W Bowker, Wilton Jordan, Nina Grant
  2. 2. Schools with Their Socio-economic Status We chose three different schools because of their perceived Socio-Economic Status. The first school we chose was Star Spencer. It was chosen for its believed low socio- economic status. This belief was confirmed by the high amount of individual poverty (19%) and low amount of income per household at $31,116 The second school we chose was Putnam City West. That was because it was believed to be part of the middle class.
  3. 3. Schools with Their Socio-economic Status cont.  The third and final school we chose to examine was Heritage Hall  We did this because it was believed that the student body at Heritage Hall is a mostly upper middle class.
  4. 4. Demographic Comparison Star Spencer Putnam City West  87% Black  8% White  2% Hispanic  2% American Indian  1% Asian  47% White  25% Black  18% Hispanic  3% Asian  7% American Indian
  5. 5. Economic Comparison Star Spencer Putnam City West  Median family income – 34,947.  Average household income - $31,116  Average family income - $37,470
  6. 6. Demographic and Economic Comparisons cont. Heritage Hall Demographic Heritage Hall Economic  75% White  7% Asian  7% Black  2% American Indian  1% Hispanic  Average Annual Household Income - $51,460  Average Annual Oklahoma Family Income – $51,595
  7. 7. Importance of The Fitness Facilities at a High School  There is Evidence that participating in a sport during high school does have a positive effect on the individuals’ future. ◦ “[W]hite males were more likely to be attending college in 1984 if they had participated in sports in high school. ◦ Athletic participation among white female athletes from suburban and rural schools was significantly related to 4-year college attendance in 1984. ◦ Hispanic male athletes from suburban and rural schools were somewhat more likely than nonathletes to be attending 4-year colleges in 1984. ◦ No black males or females in any category were more likely to be attending college in 1984 if they had participated in high school sports.”  (Donald, Melnick, & Vanfossen, 1993).  Another reason the fitness facilities of a high school would be important to examine is the health benefits gained by participating in an athletic activity while in high school. ◦ “Combined with other research indicating that physical fitness during youth is an indicator of disease risk later in life, there seems to be strong support for the assertion that steps need to be taken to eliminate the disparity in fitness levels based on ethnicity or SES.” (Fahlman, Hall, & Robyn, 2006).
  8. 8. Importance of The Fitness Facilities at a High School, cont.  The third reason fitness facilities at high schools should be emphasized and use of the facilities encouraged is that participation in a high school sport leads to a positive psychological well being to go along with the positive health benefits that occur. “ ◦ being involved in sport was associated with the development of both Physical Competence and Instrumentality, which in turn, were related to more positive feelings about one’s body.” (Greenleaf, Boyer, & Petrie, 2009).  It has also been shown that being involved in an athletic activity has a very large effect on the student. ◦ “[A]thletic participation appears to contribute to increased levels of grades, self-concept, locus of control, and educational aspirations, and to decreased levels of discipline problems. In fact, in each of these models except for educational aspirations, the effect of athletic participation is greater than that of family income, parent education, gender, and Asian or Hispanic origin.” (Fejgin, 1994).
  9. 9. Star Spencer
  10. 10. Star Spencer
  11. 11. Star Spencer
  12. 12. Star Spencer
  13. 13. Putnam City West
  14. 14. Putnam City West
  15. 15. Putnam City West
  16. 16. Putnam City West
  17. 17. Heritage Hall
  18. 18. Heritage Hall
  19. 19. Heritage Hall
  20. 20. Heritage Hall
  21. 21. Heritage Hall
  22. 22. Heritage Hall
  23. 23. Heritage Hall
  24. 24. Heritage Hall