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2.3.3 emergency methods of evacuating casualties

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2.3.3 emergency methods of evacuating casualties

  1. 1. METHODS OF EVACUATING CASUALTIES WithoutWithout EquipmentEquipment
  2. 2. • Understand assessment of situation and safety precautions associated with evacuating different casualties • Be able to practice such techniques correctly • Demonstrate safety precautions while executing these rescue techniques OBJECTIVES
  3. 3. • Introduction • Assessment of Situation • Precautionary Actions • 1-Man Evacuation Methods • 2-Man Evacuation Methods • Questions and Answers • Conclusion SCOPE
  4. 4. • State of Victim • Type of Injury • Availability of Manpower • Distance and Route A decision making process that allows the incident commander to gather information, examine all relevant factors and develop appropriate strategies. ASSESMENT OF SITUATION
  5. 5. • Commence search at the greatest point of survival Top to Bottom GENERAL GUIDELINES
  6. 6. • Ensure proper posture while executing rescue manoeuvres. • Don appropriate protective gears at all times • Handle the casualty with care as they are fragile • Ensure all rescue equipments are in hand before rescue SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
  7. 7. • Rescue helmet and gloves to be worn at all times • Smart 4 rolled down to Long 4 • Ensure all surrounding hazards are cleared before approaching for victim for rescue RESCUE PRELIMINARIES
  8. 8. • Make sure hands are tucked into the belt and legs are crossed RESCUE PRELIMINARIES
  9. 9. ONE MAN RESCUE
  10. 10. • Evacuation of casualty of similar or heavier weight FORE METHOD
  11. 11. • Casualty is of light weight • No spinal/back injuries • This method is not recommended to be performed by cadets FIREMAN’S LIFT
  12. 12. • Casualty must be of light weight relative to rescuer • No spinal/back injuries THE CRADLE
  13. 13. • Casualty is conscious and able to hang on • Casualty must be of light weight relative to rescuer PICK-A-BACK
  14. 14. • Casualty is too heavy to lift. • Only to be used as a last resort. BACKWARD DRAG
  15. 15. • Casualty is able to walk with assistance HUMAN CRUTCH
  16. 16. PRACTICAL
  17. 17. TWO MAN RESCUE
  18. 18. • Casualty is unable to walk FORE & AFT METHOD
  19. 19. • Casualty is able to walk with assistance DOUBLE HUMAN CRUTCH
  20. 20. • Not suitable for unconscious casualty • Casualty is too heavy for one rescuer to handle 2-HANDED SEAT
  21. 21. • Casualty has one injured leg • Not suitable for unconscious casualty 3-HANDED SEAT
  22. 22. 4-HANDED SEAT • Casualty is needed to be carried • Casualty is too heavy for one rescuer to handle • Not suitable for unconscious casualty
  23. 23. PRACTICAL
  24. 24. With proper rescueWith proper rescue procedures and safetyprocedures and safety precautions, a speedy rescueprecautions, a speedy rescue will be able to save the liveswill be able to save the lives of those trapped within theof those trapped within the rubble of a disaster.rubble of a disaster. CONCLUSION

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