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First aid lesson carrying

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how to handle and carry injured persons

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First aid lesson carrying

  1. 1. Patient Positioning• Reposition a patient only when necessary• Reposition a breathing, unresponsive, non- trauma patient in the recovery position• Don’t move or reposition a trauma patient unless necessary to treat life-threatening condition• Allow responsive patient to assume comfortable position 2
  2. 2. Recovery Position• Helps keep airway open• Allows fluid to drain from mouth• Prevents aspiration• If possible, put victim onto left side• Continue to monitor breathing 3
  3. 3. Recovery Position for Unresponsive Breathing Infant• Hold infant facedown over your arm with head slightly lower than body• Support the head and neck with your hand, and keep nose and mouth clear 4
  4. 4. 1. Extend victim’s arm farther 2. Position victim’s other armfrom you above victim’s head across chest3. Bend victim’s nearer leg at 4. Put forearm nearer victim’s head knee under victim’s nearer shoulder with hand under hollow of neck 5 5
  5. 5. 5. Roll victim away from you by 6. Continue to support head and pushing on victim’s flexed knee neck. Position victim’s hand palmand lifting with forearm while hand down. stabilizes head and neck 7. Check airway and open mouth to allow drainage. 6
  6. 6. Emergency Moves • Use only if: – Patient faces an immediate danger – You cannot give lifesaving care because of location or position
  7. 7. With All Emergency Carries• Use good body mechanics/lifting techniques• Don’t try to lift/carry person before checking for injuries 8
  8. 8. Moving Victims – If Alone• Unresponsive victim who cannot safely be dragged – Pack-strap carry 9
  9. 9. Moving Victims – If Alone • Lighter victim or child – Cradle carry (responsive or unresponsive victims) – Piggyback carry (responsive victim) • Support the patient’s weight with your arms under the patient’s thighs • If able, have the patient clasp hands and lean forward; if not able, grasp the patient’s hands with yours to keep patient from falling back 10
  10. 10. Moving Victims – If Alone • Responsive victim who can walk with help – One-person walking assist 11
  11. 11. Firefighter’s Carry• Support the patient’s weight on your shoulders while holding the patient’s thigh and arm 12
  12. 12. Moving Victims – With Help• Responsive victim: – Two-person walking assist – Two-handed seat carry 13
  13. 13. Two-Rescuer Assist• Both rescuers position the patient’s arms over their shoulders• Each rescuer grasps the patient’s wrist, with the other arm around the patient’s waist 14
  14. 14. Modes of carrying (Two First Aiders) Hand SeatFour Handed Seat Two Arm Seat (When The Casualty is Co-operating) 15
  15. 15. Modes of carryingWhen space does not permit Improvised (chair)two hand seat 16
  16. 16. Two-Rescuer Extremity Carry• To carry a patient down steps, the forward rescuer grasps patient’s legs under the knees while the rear rescuer reaches under patient’s armpits from behind to grasp the patient’s forearms 17
  17. 17. Types of BleedingArtery Spurting Steady flow •Veins •Capillary Oozing Internal Injuries
  18. 18. Image of the five basic steps. 19
  19. 19. Control of Bleeding ElevationDirect Pressure Pressure bandage Cold Applications
  20. 20. Pressure Points TemporalWhere the arterypasses over a bone Facialclose to the skin Carotid Sub-clavian Brachial Radial Ulnar Femoral Popliteal Pedal
  21. 21. e. how to treat a big bleed Do you know how to treat a deep wound to the arm? Put the pictures in the right order…The right order is: H D B G E A C F Click for answers 22

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