Assistive technology for mobility impaired


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  • PPT and BIB Handouts
  • Some tasks that involve mobility include posture, walking, balance, stair-climbing, and transporting. MICROSOFT charts pass out
  • This increases one’s capacity to meet their environment’s needs.Some impairments are visible like amputations, others like osteoarthritis are not.
  • Libraries encourage access to content, information education, and connectivity so…supporting disabled patrons should be no different so equity is guaranteed
  • 8.2% are mobility impaired, unable to walk, reach, lift, or carry items easily. Knowing that half of the disabled population is unemployed in the United States, and that many have not had any higher education is disappointing because a lot of this could change if assistive technologies were purchased or people recognized what those with disabilities are capable of accomplishing if they are given a chance
  • This does not include what goes on inside the building
  • Section 504Requirements common to these regulations include reasonable accommodation for employees with disabilities; program accessibility; effective communication with people who have hearing or vision disabilities; and accessible new construction and alterationsSection 508 amendment of 1998Section 508 establishes requirements for electronic and information technology developed, maintained, procured, or used by the Federal government. Section 508 requires Federal electronic and information technology to be accessible to people with disabilities, including employees and members of the public.
  • To be protected by the ADA, one must have a disability or have a relationship or association with an individual with a disability. An individual with a disability is defined by the ADA as a person who has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities, a person who has a history or record of such an impairment, or a person who is perceived by others as having such an impairment. The ADA does not specifically name all of the impairments that are covered.ADA TITLE IIIPublic accommodations must comply with basic nondiscrimination requirements that prohibit exclusion, segregation, and unequal treatment. They also must comply with specific requirements related to architectural standards for new and altered buildings; reasonable modifications to policies, practices, and procedures; effective communication with people with hearing, vision, or speech disabilities; and other access requirements. Additionally, public accommodations must remove barriers in existing buildings where it is easy to do so without much difficulty or expense, given the public accommodation's resources.2008 Amendmentto ensure broad coverage that clarifies who should not be discriminated against. Impairment that limits a major life activity is considered a disability.
  • HANDOUTWhen information in libraries is not presented in formats that are accessible to all users, discriminatory barriers are created.Library staff should be proactive in reaching out to persons with disabilities and facilitating provision of resources and services.  Library staff also should be aware of the available technologies and how to assist all users with library technology.  All library resources should be available in formats accessible by persons of all ages with different abilities. By removing the physical, technological, and procedural barriers to accessing those forums, libraries promote the full inclusion of persons with disabilities into our society.Therefore, they are required to hire people on the basis of their qualifications while making reasonable accommodations for them which includes restructuring jobs so that equipment can modified for usability by individuals with disabilities
  • Auxiliary aids and services should be provided if necessary which includes assistive devices. Devices should be modified if necessary, and barriers removed.
  • At least portable ramps
  • Of course all of this should be done if not too expensive or difficult for the business which is called “undue hardship” depends on the sites financial resources and the size of the operation.
  • Ramps with slope of 1:16 and 1:20
  • Entrances should have 20 inches of clearance and automated doors remain open for 20 seconds… remember most disabled can exert 5 lbs of pressure and severely disabled can exert only 3 lbs
  • Vans need 204 inches of space all around so lifts can be deployedAssistive Technology Resource CenterIf accessible parking spaces, entrance ramps, and wider entrances cannot be put in place, then curb service or home delivery should be offered, or offering to retrieve items (like books) for someone Like Blind & Physically Handicapped library has delivery service (PASS OUT APP and Brochure)
  • Signage at the Assistive Technology Resource CenterIndoors:Signage should be positioned perpendicularly since some that are mobility impaired have trouble moving their heads, and this makes it easier to see at a 30 degree angle
  • At least 5 percent of fixed seating and tables should have space allowance for wheelchairs with 60 inches given for turning space. Doorways should have at least 32 inches cleared for wheelchairs and walking aids, but 36 inches to make it more comfortableStairways should have 48 inches on case someone needs assistance in evacuating. Safe surfaces should be maintained since those that use crutches, walkers, or canes will have trouble with balance and their gait. A static coefficient of friction of 0.5 is recommended by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration for walking surfaces, and 0.8 for ramps Elevators are usually only required when 3 stories or more
  • Stacks should have a minimum clear aisle width of 42 inches
  • Height specifications for tables must also be thought of. Assistive listening devices can be used when there are physical barriers. At the Library for the Blind and Physically Handicapped in Honolulu, they have a table that is adjustable.
  • They also have a special audio player so patrons can listen to all their holdings. Talking books are provided through the Library of Congress National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped, which is a free nationwide service. These audiocassette machines are available here in Oahu at our Library for the Blind and Physically Handicapped, and there are more than 60,000 titles.
  • Pass out handout
  • HELPFUL ASSISTIVE DEVICESalternate keyboards like those that can be displayed on a screen for those that cannot use their hands, but can control the movement with their heads, IntelliKeys which offers keyboard layouts to fit individual needs, oversized ones for those with limited dexterity, smaller ones for those that have limited movement in their hands, or ergonomic ones trackballs, joysticks, nontraditional mice, headphones with microphones, grabbers, page turners, soft pencil grips, Easy Glide writers, slip-on typing aids, touch-n-type sticks, digital playback equipment, print-on-demand machines, correctly designed websites, and speech recognition software.
  • Pass out shopping catalogs
  • Speech input like the software Dragon Naturally Speaking by Nuance creates text from speech and aids navigation through voice commands assisting people who have difficulty typing fact someone brought me a printed ad for it the other day after seeing my wrist guards onWrist Wizard is also offered that helps people with no strength or control in their arms to type by supporting the wrists over they keyboard Attachments advertises an accessible computer station that is fully ergonomic
  • Although I have primarily focused on physical mobility impairment, considering how people are perceived and treated is just as importantCertain people who do not otherwise qualify as disabled would if they are not allowed into an establishment due to others stereotypes or fears based on their perceived condition. People are not allowed to segregate individuals abased on their personal preferences. They should not be treated differently or require anattendant. Keep in mind that service dogs should be allowed indoors when accompanying the disabled person.
  • HANDOUToffers some tips on etiquette when dealing with specific types of disabled persons along with what technologies will best assist them. Most adaptive devices are like extensions of their bodies so do not touch or move without permission. Offer them a seat if they have to wait for something, and act natural!
  • UH library lib guideOffering assistive technology is not the same as supporting it. In other words, understanding the community you serve is important along with marketing the library’s devices to people, but being able to have staff who know how to use it is essential or disabled patrons will feel more ill at ease. For instance, working at Hamilton’s reference desk, I have never been trained on how to use our assistive technology. I do not even know what we all have available besides Zoomtext. This is unacceptable as we serve disabled users daily. If training is not made mandatory for everyone, all staff members should at least know what the hardware options and software applications are, and who they should seek out when someone needs assistance. Go to lib guideSome of the places one can advertise include assisted living communities, hospitals, veterans groups, or rehabilitation centersMaking sure people know where these items are located, and during what hours is also key. Some libraries have designated a private space depending on the resources available; while others make sure a reference desk is close by on case there is need for assistance. Library schools should make sure that students are educated on disability issues, and that is one thing I appreciate about this class since it has raised my awareness. Librarians need to know how to identify those with disabilities, what their information seeking behavior means so their needs can be metOnce incentive for students in library school is New York Library’s Making it REAL! Scholarship program, which is given to future librarians who are wiling to learn more about accessible design while helping their libraries to become more accessible. People should be continuing their training and working towards understanding standards and these particular users’ experiences as this is an ethical issue as well since everyone deserves dignified and fair treatment. Professionals need to be sensitive, committed to awareness, and at ease with everyone.
  • Understanding where to go for information on these issues is also important. Some people might have just become disabled and not know what advice and resources are available. At libraries, handouts or website links should be provided to help direct people to useful informationSome helpful sources to share would be:give handout are advances being made on the mechanics of assistive technology and on the physical interfaces so they are more intuitive. Shared control between the user and technology is also being improved. Some of the best technology being integrated includes work that has been done with powered wheelchairs, robotic exoskeletons, prosthetics, and functional electrical stimulation As you can see now, this is an important issue. Obtaining proper technology, marketing it to users, and training staff on the assistive devices is the key to providing equitable access to those that are disabled. Perceptions must be shifted, knowledge obtained, and knowing what rights each individual has is important.
  • Assistive technology for mobility impaired

    1. 1. Mobility, Technology, AccessibilityStandards and LawsLibraries in ParticularAssistive DevicesPeopleSupporting Assistive TechnologyResources
    2. 2. How one is able to move their bodywithin an environment, betweenenvironments, and their ability tomanipulate objectsWhen an environment’s demands arebeyond someone’s mobility resources,they may be unable to participate
    3. 3.  INDIRECT: Therapy that helpsimprove mobility through repairing it DIRECT: Machinery or equipment likewheelchairs, canes, or walkers thatprovides physical assistance
    4. 4. The greatest number of peopleshould benefit from being able toutilize the most resources
    5. 5. According to the U.S. Census in 2000, 49million people have a disability of somekindThis is 19.3% of the United Statespopulation who are 5 years or olderThey are the most diverse minority group8.2% are mobility impaired4.8% say their physical condition makes ithard to concentrate, learn, or rememberthingsAlmost 60% of people with a disabilityhave never used a computer
    6. 6. A disability results from the user,technology, and environmentinteraction
    7. 7. All federal buildings must beaccessible for people with disabilities
    8. 8. The Rehabilitation Act prohibitsdiscrimination on the basis of disabilityin programs conducted by Federalagencies, in programs receiving Federalfinancial assistance, in Federalemployment, and in the employmentpractices of Federal contractors.
    9. 9. The ADA prohibits discrimination onthe basis of disability in employment,State and local government, publicaccommodations, commercial facilities,transportation, andtelecommunications..
    10. 10. “(A) In general. For purposes ofparagraph (1), major life activitiesinclude, but are not limited to, caring foroneself, performing manual tasks,seeing, hearing, eating, sleeping,walking, standing, lifting, bending,speaking, breathing, learning, reading,concentrating, thinking,communicating, and working.
    11. 11. “(B) Major bodily functions. Forpurposes of paragraph (1), a major lifeactivity also includes the operation of amajor bodily function, including but notlimited to, functions of the immunesystem, normal cell growth, digestive,bowel, bladder, neurological, brain,respiratory, circulatory, endocrine, andreproductive functions.
    12. 12. The library has the responsibility toprovide materials “for the interest,information, and enlightenment of allpeople of the community the libraryserves.”A persons right to use the library shouldnot be denied or abridged because ofdisabilities.
    13. 13. Consistent standards are in place tomake sure public accommodations aremade for those that are disabled.Everyone should be able to benefit fromgoods and services that are providedthrough these facilities if they areoffered unless they pose a direct threatto others safety.
    14. 14. “any portion of buildings, structures,sites, complexes, equipment, rollingstock or other conveyances, roads, walks,passageways, parking lots, or other realor personal property, including the sitewhere the building, property, structure,or equipment is located.”
    15. 15. Ramps should be installedShelves repositionedFurniture rearrangedTelephones repositionedDoors widenedAccessible door hardware installedToilet seats installed with grab barsRaised toilet seats installedRemove Barriers to Access
    16. 16. Full length mirrors providedReachable paper towel dispenserBurns prevented by insulating lavatorypipesWater fountains installed withaccessible paper cup dispensersDisplay layouts adjustedTables rearrangedDense carpet removed
    17. 17. Accessible entrance consideredhighest priority with ramps
    18. 18.  Wheelchair seating spaces Corridors Floors Elevators Ramps Lifts Walkways
    19. 19. Reading and study areasReference roomsCheck out areasSpecial CollectionsMagazine DisplaysCard catalogs (if applicable)
    20. 20. Non-tilting chairsLarge monitorsAlternate keyboardsTrackballsJoysticksDigital playback equipmentPrint-on-demand machinesCorrectly designed websitesSpeech recognition softwareASSISTIVE DEVICES
    21. 21. Dragon SpeechRecognition SoftwareWrist Wizard
    22. 22. “Congress acknowledged thatsociety’s accumulated myths andfears about disability and diseaseare as handicapping as are thephysical limitations that flowfrom actual impairment.”
    23. 23. Speak directly to the personMake eye contact with them even ifthey have attendantAsk how they would like assistanceLet them guide youDo not be afraid to ask questionsRespect their privacy regarding theirdisability
    24. 24. ObtainingStaff trainingMarketingLibrary SchoolASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY
    25. 25. Library HandoutsWebsite LinksEducationConferencesLibrariesBusiness
    26. 26. Thank You…QUESTIONS?