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EMERGENCY METHODSOF EVACUATING CASUALTIES   WITHOUT EQUIPMENT                       1
INTRODUCTIONNon-Risky Situation• Package casualties wherever possible• Evacuate casualties with stretchers• Ensure comfort...
LEARNING OBJECTIVES• Understand the correct techniques to be  applied on the casualty• Execute the correct method of carry...
SCOPE• Introduction• Factors influencing methods used• Safety Precautions• Demonstration and Practical of 1-Man  Emergency...
FACTORS INFLUENCING         THE METHODS USEDMethods employed will depend on acombination of the following factors:a. Type ...
GENERAL RULES• Search should commence at the point of the  greatest survival rate• In multi-storey buildings, search shoul...
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS•   Always work in pairs•   Ensure the proper placement of your feet for the selected    techniques – to...
Emergency Methods of Casualty       Evacuation from Surface Area             One-Man Operations                       1. F...
3. The Cradle• Light-weight casualties or children                            4. The Pick-a-back                          ...
5. Backward drag•   Casualty is too heavy to be lifted    6. The Human Crutch    • Casualty can walk with      assistance ...
Practical            11
Emergency Methods of Casualty           Evacuation from Surface Area2-Man Operations1. Double Human Crutch• Casualty can w...
3. 2-Handed Seat• Casualty need to be carried rather than dragged• Casualty’s weight beyond the capability of 1 rescuer   ...
5. 4-Handed SeatCasualty needs to be carried rather than draggedCasualty’s weight beyond the capability of 1 person       ...
Practical            15
CONCLUSION1. Rescuing of casualties may be conducted under any   conceivably adverse conditions.2. Methods employed will d...
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33 emergency methods of moving casualties

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33 emergency methods of moving casualties

  1. 1. EMERGENCY METHODSOF EVACUATING CASUALTIES WITHOUT EQUIPMENT 1
  2. 2. INTRODUCTIONNon-Risky Situation• Package casualties wherever possible• Evacuate casualties with stretchers• Ensure comfort or minimize the suffering of the casualtiesEmergency or Risky Situation• No stretchers or time to construct improvised stretchers• The casualty must be removed quickly due to potential dangers• Do not attempt to rescue if your own life is in danger 2
  3. 3. LEARNING OBJECTIVES• Understand the correct techniques to be applied on the casualty• Execute the correct method of carrying the casualty• Demonstrate the necessary safety measures taken to prevent injury to the rescuers 3
  4. 4. SCOPE• Introduction• Factors influencing methods used• Safety Precautions• Demonstration and Practical of 1-Man Emergency Methods of Evacuating Casualties• Demonstration and Practical of 2-Man Emergency Methods of Evacuating Casualties• Conclusion 4
  5. 5. FACTORS INFLUENCING THE METHODS USEDMethods employed will depend on acombination of the following factors:a. Type and severity of the injuriesb. Casualty’s status • conscious • unconsciousc. Weight of the casualtyd. Availability of Rescuerse. Distance and Route 5
  6. 6. GENERAL RULES• Search should commence at the point of the greatest survival rate• In multi-storey buildings, search should start from the top and work your way down• Common places where casualties are found: a) Near doors b) Near windows c) At staircases d) In the restrooms 6
  7. 7. SAFETY PRECAUTIONS• Always work in pairs• Ensure the proper placement of your feet for the selected techniques – to prevent falling• The correct method of lifting and gripping must be followed• Put on safety gears• Bring along a torch• Ensure that the method selected does not suffocate or cause further injury to the casualty• Do not drop the casualty• Squat down to Lift casualty instead of bending body down 7
  8. 8. Emergency Methods of Casualty Evacuation from Surface Area One-Man Operations 1. Fireman’s Lift • Light casualty, no back/spinal injuries2. Fore Method• Casualty of similar weight or heavier than rescuer 8
  9. 9. 3. The Cradle• Light-weight casualties or children 4. The Pick-a-back • Casualty is able to hang on • Will not lose consciousness 9
  10. 10. 5. Backward drag• Casualty is too heavy to be lifted 6. The Human Crutch • Casualty can walk with assistance 10
  11. 11. Practical 11
  12. 12. Emergency Methods of Casualty Evacuation from Surface Area2-Man Operations1. Double Human Crutch• Casualty can walk with assistance 2. The Fore & Aft • Casualty is unable to walk 12
  13. 13. 3. 2-Handed Seat• Casualty need to be carried rather than dragged• Casualty’s weight beyond the capability of 1 rescuer 4. 3-Handed Seat • Useful when rescuer needs a free hand • Can support casualty’s injured leg 13
  14. 14. 5. 4-Handed SeatCasualty needs to be carried rather than draggedCasualty’s weight beyond the capability of 1 person 14
  15. 15. Practical 15
  16. 16. CONCLUSION1. Rescuing of casualties may be conducted under any conceivably adverse conditions.2. Methods employed will depend location and type of injury sustained.3. Remember objective of rescue operations is to save and prevent further loss of lives.4. Speed is essential, but must be consistent with safety and proper handling of casualties.5. Ensure personal safety, as accidents and injuries to rescuers may jeopardise the whole operations. 16

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