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MASSAGE AND ITS TYPES

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MASSAGE AND ITS TYPES

  1. 1. MASSAGE • BY TAHIR BHAT • DCPE AMRAVATI
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION • MASSAGE IS THE SYSTEMATIC, MECHANICAL STIMULATION OF THE SOFT TISSUES OF THE BODY BY MEANS OF RHYTHMICALLY APPLIED PRESSURE AND STRETCHING FOR THERAPEUTIC PURPOSES
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION SPORT MASSAGE IS USED:-  BEFORE  DURING  AFTER ATHELETIC EVENTS…
  4. 4. THE PURPOSE OF MASSAGE  TO PREVENT INJURIES  TO RELIEVE SWELLING  TO DRAIN ANY FATIQUE  TO PROMOTE FLEXIBILITY  PREPARE THE ATHELETE FOR PEAK PERFORMANCE  PROVIDES A WARM-UP TO LOOSEN MUSCLES PRE EVENT  TO REDUCE MUSCLE TENSION AND INFLAMMATION POST EVENT
  5. 5. MASSAGE HAS NO EFFECT ON • OBESITY • MUSCLE MASS • MUSCLE STRENGTH
  6. 6. TYPES OF MASSAGE  THAI MASSAGE  TUI NA MASSAGE  SPORTS MASSAGE  SHIATSU MASSAGE  AQUATIC MASSAGE  SWEDISH MASSAGE  TRIGGER POINT MASSAGE
  7. 7. SPORT MASSAGE • SPORT MASSAGE TECHNIQUES ARE QUITE SIMILAR TO SWEDISH MASSAGE • HOW IS SPORTS MASSAGE DIFFERENT FROM OTHER TYPES OF THERAPEUTIC MASSAGE?  -IN SPORTS MASSAGE THE THERAPIST MAY APPLY THE TECHNIQUES MORE FIRMLY & DEEPER THAN A GENERAL MASSAGE THERAPIST MIGHT  -USE MORE FRICTIONS TO BREAK DOWN ADHESIONS & SOFTEN SCAR TISSUES  -ARE DESIGNED TO REDUCE INJURY
  8. 8. TECHNIQUES OF SPORTS MASSAGE • EFFLEURAGE • LIGHT GLIDING STROKES OVER SKIN WITHOUT MOVING DEEP MUSCLE MASSES USED FOR MUSCLE RELAXATION • PETRISSAGE • KNEADING MANIPULATION THAT INTERMITTENTLY LIFT,PRESS & ROLL THE MUSCLES UNDER THE FINGERS OR HANDS. • USED FOR INCREASING CIRCULATION AND REDUCING EDEMA
  9. 9. TECHNIQUES OF SPORTS MASSAGE •PERCUSSION (TAPOTMENT) - SERIES OF ALTERNATING BLOWS S/A HACKING, SLAPPING, BEATING, PINCHING, TAPPING WITH FINGER TIPS, CUPPING, CLAPPING, - USED TO STIMULATE CIRCULATION & DESENSITIZED OPERATED SITES.
  10. 10. TECHNIQUES OF SPORTS MASSAGE • FRICTION- CIRCULAR • MOTION OF THE THERAPIST’S FINGERTIPS WITH PRESSURE APPLIED SO THAT THE THERAPIST’S FINGERS AND PATIENT’S SKIN MOVE AS ONE. • IT IS USED TO LOOSEN OR BREAK UP UNDERLYING ADHESIONS OF HEALED SCAR TISSUES
  11. 11. TECHNIQUES OF SPORTS MASSAGE • VIBRATION • FINE TREMULOUS MOVEMENT MADE BY HANDS OR FINGERS TO CAUSE THE PART TO VIBRATE
  12. 12. INJURY MANAGEMENT THROUGH SPORT MASSAGE • ATHELETES ALWAYS OVERUSE THEIR MUSCLES, CAUSING • STRAIN • TEARS • IMBALANCES IN THE SOFT MUSCLES TISSUES • THE MORE INJURY IS IGNORED
  13. 13. INJURY MANAGEMENT THROUGH SPORT MASSAGE • ONE WAY TO ENCOURAGE MUSCLE REPAIR AFTER TRAINING IS WITH SPORTS MASSAGE. • SPORTS MASSAGE WILL HELP RELEASE ANY BUILT UP TENSION AND LACTIC ACID IN THE OVERWORKED MUSCLES SO THAT BLOOD AND OXYGEN CAN RETURN TO THE MUSCLE AND EFFECTIVELY PROMOTE MUSCLE REPAIR. • SPORTS MASSAGE IF RECEIVED AS PARTS OF A SPORTS PROGRAMME, CAN HELP AN ATHELETE PREVENT INJURY DUE TO OVERUSE
  14. 14. PRE-EVENT MASSAGE • USUALLY BRIEF AND INVIGORATING (sekejap & menyegarkan) • LASTING 15-20 MINUTES • IT IS GIVEN WITHIN AN HOUR BEFORE THE SPORTING EVENT
  15. 15. POST-EVENT MASSAGE • SHOULD BE CALMING AND RELAXING • ITS GOAL IS:-  TO REDUCE INFLAMMATION.  TO RELIEVE MUSCLES PAIN BY DECREASING TENSION  TO RELIEVE MUSCLE SORENESS BY DISPENSING LACTIC ACID • MASSAGE SHOULD LAST NO MORE THAN 20 MINUTES.
  16. 16. MASSAGE PROCEDURES • MASSAGE TECHNIQUES MUST BE CARRIED OUT IN SEQUENCE. • BEGINS WITH:- 1)EFFLEURAGE> 2)PETRISSAGE> 3)CIRCULAR FRICTION/MUSCLE STRIPPING> 4)TRIGGER POINTS> 5)FINISHING OFF WITH EFFLEURAGE
  17. 17. MASSAGE PROCEDURES 1) WASH HANDS 2) GIVE UNDIVIDED ATTENTION 3)SHOULD NOT UNLOAD YOUR OWN PERSONAL PROBLEMS ON ATHELETE 4)MAKE YOUR DECISIONS 5)WEAR UNIFORM 6)MASSAGE THERAPIST SHOULD OBEY REFERER’S INSTRUCTIONS 7)RECORD YOUR TREATMENT
  18. 18. MASSAGE PROCEDURES EQUIPMENT  A LUBRICANT  SPORTS MASSAGE OIL  CREAM  TALCUM POWDER  MASSAGE THERAPY TABLES
  19. 19. BENEFITS & EFFECTS OF MASSAGE PHYSICAL EFFECTS - PUMPING BLOOD -INCREASED TISSUE PERMEABILITY BY OPENING THE TISSUE PORES -STRETCH TISSUES AND FASCIA -BREAK DOWN SCAR TISSUES -IMPROVE TISSUE ELASTICITY BY STRETCHING THE HARD AND INELASTIC TISSUES -OPENS MICRO-CIRCULATION
  20. 20. BENEFITS & EFFECTS OF MASSAGE PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS - PAIN REDUCTION BY RELEASING THE BODIES ENDORPHINS - RELAXATION –MUSCLE RELAX THROUGH HEAT GENERATED,CIRCULATION AND STRETCHING. -MECHANORECEPTORS WHICH SENSE TOUCH, PRESSURE, TISSUE LENGTH AND WARMTH ARE STIMULATED,CAUSING A REFLEX RELAXATION.
  21. 21. BENEFITS & EFFECTS OF MASSAGE PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECTS 1.ANXIETY REDUCTION – THROUGH THE EFFECTS MENTIONED ABOVE RELAXATION IS INDUCED AND SO REDUCES ANXIETY LEVELS 2.INVIGORATING – IF MASSAGE IS DONE WITH BRISK MOVEMENTS
  22. 22. CONTRAINDICATIONS • GOUT • BURNS • BURSITIS • CONTUSIONS • OPEN WOUNDS • • MUSCLE RUPTURES • TENDON RUPTURES • INFECTIONS OF THE SKIN AND SOFT TISSUES
  23. 23. THANK YOU

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