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Elements of Photography and Visual Storytelling

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Join NPR multimedia trainer, Kainaz Amaria, to learn about what makes a good photo and how to best use images to tell a story.

Published in: Art & Photos
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Elements of Photography and Visual Storytelling

  1. 1. Elements of Photography & Visual Storytelling October 2012Kainaz Amaria| Multimedia Trainer | 650-281-8843 | kamaria@npr.org
  2. 2. Our Photographic Journey• Foundations of visual storytelling• What makes a good image and why• How do you get that good image• Tips on how to make better portraits• Tips on how to approach visual decisions for your story 2
  3. 3. Close-up – A Detail Shot 3
  4. 4. Portrait 4
  5. 5. Medium 5
  6. 6. Action 6
  7. 7. Wide – Scene Setter 7
  8. 8. Five Foundations of Visual Storytelling1. Wide2. Medium3. Detail4. Portrait5. Action 8
  9. 9. Slideshow 9
  10. 10. Establishing Image 10
  11. 11. Sense of Place 11
  12. 12. Medium 12
  13. 13. Detail 13
  14. 14. Action/Transition 14
  15. 15. Action 15
  16. 16. Portrait 16
  17. 17. Portrait/Action 17
  18. 18. Medium 18
  19. 19. Six Ways to Make a Good Gallery Great1. Use a variety of image types to provide a sense of pacing (wide, medium, detail, portrait, action)2. Each picture should have a purpose3. Pictures shouldn’t be redundant4. Kill the puppies: Not every images is worth keeping5. Know what story you want to tell, plan accordingly6. The first image should draw your reader into the story. 19
  20. 20. Three Most Important Aspects Of An Image • Content • Composition • Light 20
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  22. 22. 22
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  24. 24. Content• Know your story• Focus on what it is you want to say• Position yourself to get the image• Make more than one or two images• Make images when people are doing something active 24
  25. 25. In The Field: Aurora Memorial Sam Sanders / NPR 25
  26. 26. Sam Sanders / NPR 26
  27. 27. Sam Sanders / NPR 27
  28. 28. Sam Sanders / NPR 28
  29. 29. Composition• Who/What is your focus• What is the best angle to communicate your vision• Look at the entire frame what are you including and more importantly excluding• Use your legs to move around the Jackie Northam/NPR situation 29
  30. 30. Rule of Thirds Divide an image into thirds, horizontally and vertically – where the lines intersect, place the subject of the photo David Gilkey/ NPR 30
  31. 31. Perspective Look at a scene from the perspective of the person in the story Kainaz Amaria / NPR 31
  32. 32. Leading Lines Leading lines help focus where your viewers eye goes in the frame Kainaz Amaria / NPR 32
  33. 33. Framing Use every opportunity to look through things David Gilkey / NPR 33
  34. 34. Light• Golden Hour – happens twice a day• Window light for when you are indoors• Try to make images outside as much as possible, unless it is high noon David Gilkey/NPR 34
  35. 35. Lighting – Hour of Day Matters Early morning and late afternoon are the best times photograph Keep the sun behind you, or to the side for nice contrast Kainaz Amaria / NPR 35
  36. 36. Lighting – Hour of Day Matters David Gilkey/NPR 36
  37. 37. Lighting – Hour of Day Matters David Gilkey/NPR 37
  38. 38. Caption Information Keep the 5 W’s in mind Make sure to get the correct spelling of names and where they are from If you aren’t sure what they are doing, or confused about a specific detail in the frame make sure to write that down 38
  39. 39. Good Captioning Practices Name Location What are they doing? Keep it short Add context 39
  40. 40. Practical Ways To Approach Visual Storytelling What is the best way to represent my story — single image, slideshow, audio slideshow, video, graphic What are my resources? • If I need one image then can I make that one my own? • If I need a slideshow can we hire a freelancer? • If it’s a news event can we rely on the wire services? Think of the visuals from the beginning of your reporting • Can I go when people are doing something? • Can I set aside enough time to make an image? 40
  41. 41. Three Things That Make a Better Portrait  Lighting (on face)  Focus  Background 41
  42. 42. Lighting – Portraits Try not to silhouette a subject Keep the light at your back Reposition a subject for better lighting Kainaz Amaria / NPR 42
  43. 43. Background – Remove the Clutter Remove distracting objects Look around the frame, reposition the camera Get closer Kainaz Amaria / NPR 43
  44. 44. Focus – Subject Must be Crisp Focus the camera on the subject, then take the picture Take your time Work it! 44
  45. 45. Lighting, Background, Focus Kainaz Amaria / NPR 45
  46. 46. Common Mistakes Objects protruding from the subject’s body Excessive flash Too far away Awkward expression 46
  47. 47. Editorial Relevance: What Image Best Fits the Story? Indias Power Woes A Classic Story Of Supply, Demand 47
  48. 48. What Image Best Fits the Story? Justice Scalia Disputes Accuracy Of Leak 48
  49. 49. What Image Best Fits the Story? How The Taliban Is Thwarting The War On Polio Jackie Northam / NPR 49
  50. 50. Images Go Everywhere 50
  51. 51. Photography is about relationships! Kainaz Amaria/NPR 51
  52. 52. Your Photography Assignment Submit three images that tell a story • Make sure each image is a different visual perspective (i.e. wide, medium, portrait, detail, action) • Make more than three images total • Go to a place where people are actively doing something • HAVE FUN! Caption each image and email them to dseditorial@npr.org Put your station call letters (ex: KUNC) in the subject line 52

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