Redefining Libraries


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Libraries must redefine their core missions as information access becomes increasingly commercialized.

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  • Redefining Libraries

    1. 1. Libraries Redefining Peter Brantley Digital Library Federation Jan 2009
    2. 2. <ul><li>DLF </li></ul><ul><li>is a ... </li></ul><ul><li>{description} </li></ul><ul><li>(member ()) </li></ul><ul><li>(library ()) </li></ul>
    3. 3. Prelude <ul><li>“ In 2006 EMI, the world's fourth-biggest recorded-music company, invited some teenagers into its headquarters in London to talk to its top managers about their listening habits. At the end of the session the EMI bosses thanked them for their comments and told them to help themselves to a big pile of CDs sitting on a table. But none of the teens took any of the CDs, even though they were free. ‘That was the moment we realised the game was completely up,’ says a person who was there.” </li></ul><ul><li>- “ From Major to Minor ,” The Economist , Jan 10 08 </li></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>Google ... the world’s library </li></ul>
    5. 5. <ul><li>GBS is a dream </li></ul><ul><li>long anticipated. </li></ul><ul><li>(with some </li></ul><ul><li>nightmares.) </li></ul><ul><li>All the books online . </li></ul>
    6. 6. <ul><li>commercialization of access </li></ul><ul><li>loss of our individual privacy </li></ul><ul><li>increasing content hegemony </li></ul><ul><li>... y mas </li></ul>Stress and Erode Old Institutions
    7. 7. <ul><li>• Bank tellers </li></ul><ul><li>• Typewriters </li></ul><ul><li>• Typesetting </li></ul><ul><li>• Carburetors </li></ul><ul><li>• Vacuum tubes </li></ul><ul><li>• Slide rules </li></ul><ul><li>• Disc jockeys </li></ul><ul><li>• Stockbrokers </li></ul><ul><li>• Telephone operators </li></ul><ul><li>• Yellow pages </li></ul><ul><li>• Repair guys </li></ul><ul><li>• Bookbinders </li></ul><ul><li>• Pimps </li></ul><ul><li>• Cassette and reel-to-reel recorders </li></ul><ul><li>• VCRs </li></ul><ul><li>• Turntables </li></ul><ul><li>• Video stores </li></ul><ul><li>• Record stores </li></ul><ul><li>• Bookstores </li></ul><ul><li>• Recording industry </li></ul>• Courier/messenger services • Travel agencies • Print and cinematic porn • Porn actors • Stenographers • Wired telcos • Drummers • Toll collectors • Book publishing (especially reference works) • Conventional-watch makers • &quot;Browse&quot; shopping • U.S. Postal Service • Printing-press makers • Film cameras • Kodak … • Xerox machines “ The digital slay ride”, Jack Shafer, Slate (2008 Dec 16)
    8. 8. <ul><li>The digital uplift continues, </li></ul><ul><li>unceasing. </li></ul><ul><li>The death of the library -- </li></ul><ul><li>as we have known it, for the </li></ul><ul><li>last several hundred years. </li></ul>
    9. 9. <ul><li>ARL, Median Ratio, 1995-2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Reference Queries to Full Time Students </li></ul>
    10. 10. <ul><li>ARL, Median Ratio, 1995-2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Total Circulation to Full Time Students </li></ul>
    11. 11. <ul><li>Libraries are (in danger of becoming): </li></ul><ul><li>merely </li></ul><ul><li>Warm fuzzy places to study and chill </li></ul><ul><li>Licensing agents for commercial content </li></ul><ul><li>Warehouses for the print artifact </li></ul>
    12. 12. <ul><li>Library as warehouse of books </li></ul><ul><li>“ deserted” by Eisenvater, Flickr </li></ul>
    13. 13. So, like, dude. Where shall we go next?
    14. 14. <ul><li>We must re-enter our old foundries. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Around & Through”, Kevinhooa, Flickr </li></ul>
    15. 15. (New and Redacted) Proverbs 4 Libraries
    16. 16. Libraries should be accessible <ul><li>Libraries must make their </li></ul><ul><li>Special Collections digitally </li></ul><ul><li>accessible through search. </li></ul>
    17. 17. Libraries are portable <ul><li> People </li></ul><ul><li>(have a fundamental right to) </li></ul><ul><li>constant and ubiquitous </li></ul><ul><li>information access. </li></ul>
    18. 18. Libraries know where they are <ul><li>Information </li></ul><ul><li>must be provided </li></ul><ul><li>in the dual contexts </li></ul><ul><li>of time and place. </li></ul>
    19. 19. Libraries tell stories <ul><li>The world is visual. | Immersive stories </li></ul><ul><li>The world is virtual; | engage the viewer. </li></ul>
    20. 20. Libraries help people learn <ul><li>We must facilitate learning </li></ul><ul><li>( acquiring ) </li></ul><ul><li>vs </li></ul><ul><li>Focusing only on teaching </li></ul><ul><li>( providing ) </li></ul>
    21. 21. Libraries are recombinant <ul><li>Re-mixing content </li></ul><ul><li>re-envisions the world; </li></ul><ul><li>re-invents the user. </li></ul>
    22. 22. Libraries help forge memories <ul><li>Preservation is </li></ul><ul><li>an archival strategy </li></ul><ul><li>for increasing access and use. </li></ul><ul><li>Flickr (Commons) is transient … </li></ul><ul><li>CDC, Unisys, DEC, … </li></ul>
    23. 23. Libraries speak for people <ul><li>Issues owned by libraries: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fair use of copyrighted material </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Right of information access </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Control of information privacy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Network rights of way </li></ul></ul>
    24. 24. <ul><li>The library of the future - </li></ul><ul><li>______________________ </li></ul><ul><li>enables information flow </li></ul><ul><li>across the network. </li></ul>
    25. 25. <ul><li>The new library is </li></ul><ul><li>all about : </li></ul><ul><li>PEOPLE </li></ul><ul><li>working with </li></ul><ul><li>DATA. </li></ul>
    26. 26. <ul><li>«Acquiring </li></ul><ul><li>« Managing </li></ul><ul><li>« Describing </li></ul><ul><li>« Preserving </li></ul><ul><li>making « Accessible </li></ul><ul><li>making « Actionable </li></ul>
    27. 27. Sky surveys “Pinwheel Galaxy”, jimkster, Flickr
    28. 28. <ul><li>JHU Sheridan Libraries ++ </li></ul><ul><li>Astrophysical Research Consortium (ARC), for Sloan Digital Sky Survey.   </li></ul><ul><li>Digital archiving and preservation services for the entire SDSS data which have been produced over about 15 years during the second phase of SDSS.   </li></ul><ul><li>~100 TB and growing </li></ul>
    29. 29. Genomes “Décodage du génome humain”, Christophe ALARY, Flickr
    30. 30. Images “Ise_shrine_46”, ajari, Flickr
    31. 31. <ul><li>Repositories </li></ul>
    32. 32. <ul><li>Hathi Trust stats: </li></ul><ul><li>12/2008: </li></ul><ul><li>~ 2.5 million books ingested </li></ul><ul><li>~ 350,000 books ingested per month </li></ul><ul><li>~ 375,000 public domain </li></ul><ul><li>by 12/2009 ... </li></ul><ul><li>~ 5 million books ingested </li></ul><ul><li>~ 1 million public domain </li></ul>
    33. 33. books are data “Torah”, Tmuna Fish, Flickr
    34. 34. <ul><li>Smelting books down for information: </li></ul><ul><li>integrated into wikipedia </li></ul><ul><li>queryable in world languages </li></ul><ul><li>and digitally living as documents </li></ul>
    35. 35. <ul><li>Our world is a sensored world - </li></ul><ul><li>increasingly constant video record, </li></ul><ul><li>surveillance of street, earth, + space </li></ul><ul><li>increasing transparency </li></ul><ul><li>of lives and living </li></ul>
    36. 36. <ul><li>And we can explode the old library </li></ul><ul><li>as a physical interface to the virtual ... </li></ul><ul><li>In the midst of the world around us. </li></ul>
    37. 37. <ul><li>Omnipresence </li></ul>
    38. 39. <ul><li>Network POPs will be </li></ul><ul><li>really, frickin’ anywhere </li></ul><ul><li>we might want them to be. </li></ul>
    39. 40. <ul><li>At our beck and call. </li></ul>“ Old folks with new technology”, Wanderingsolesphotography, Flickr
    40. 41. petiteinvention
    41. 42. <ul><li>For </li></ul><ul><li>what we have gone through - </li></ul><ul><li>Is </li></ul><ul><li>the Transition - </li></ul>
    42. 43. <ul><li>Not: </li></ul><ul><li>Us, </li></ul><ul><li>and separately </li></ul><ul><li>_____________ </li></ul><ul><li>our machines + our computers. </li></ul>
    43. 44. <ul><li>But, </li></ul><ul><li>Us, </li></ul><ul><li>and the data with us. </li></ul>
    44. 45. <ul><li>“ Small objects </li></ul><ul><li>travel further and travel faster - </li></ul><ul><li>their meaning adapting to the </li></ul><ul><li>ever-changing context. </li></ul><ul><li>Every step an opportunity. ” </li></ul><ul><li>-- Jan Chipchase, “Future Perfect” </li></ul>
    45. 46. <ul><li>- “She’s on the phone” by Nice Logo, Flickr, Nov 20 07 </li></ul>
    46. 47. <ul><li>“ This is Dewey for the digital age: a profoundly social construction of understanding enabled by the Internet.” </li></ul><ul><li>- John Seely Brown, “Exploring the Edge” </li></ul>
    47. 48. new generation services <ul><li>are PEOPLE </li></ul><ul><li>not CONTENT </li></ul><ul><li>FOCUSED </li></ul>
    48. 49. ramifying <ul><li>-- placing people first: </li></ul><ul><li>{ </li></ul><ul><li>putting content in </li></ul><ul><li>the hands of each of us </li></ul><ul><li>working, learning, playing </li></ul><ul><li>} </li></ul><ul><li>-- with others ... </li></ul>
    49. 50. <ul><li>and this </li></ul><ul><li>will not come without a struggle </li></ul>
    50. 51. “ Implicit in the markup for computer recognition, extraction and manipulation is a license to actually do those things.” Georgia Harper
    51. 52. <ul><li>(CC) “No known copyright restrictions” </li></ul>
    52. 53. In Sum
    53. 54. <ul><li>We </li></ul><ul><li>together </li></ul><ul><li>must build </li></ul><ul><li>The People’s Library ... </li></ul><ul><li>to be available </li></ul><ul><li>everywhere </li></ul><ul><li>around us . </li></ul>
    54. 55. “ Generation Gap” by Joi Ito, Flickr
    55. 56. kthxbai! peter at naypinya {twitter, skype}