Literature as a (web) Service

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Presentation delivered at O'Reilly ToC 2009, New York, February, on creating services that work across books, discussing semantic value and linked data concepts

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Literature as a (web) Service

  1. 1. Literature as a (Web) Service Peter Brantley Digital Library Federation 10 Feb 2009
  2. 2. DLF is a ... {description} (member ()) (library ())
  3. 3. When we think of books … we think of books as objects … (albeit of a special sort)
  4. 4. sometimes we even behold them as works of art
  5. 5. “ hand°i°craft°Art”, Vali... , Flickr
  6. 6. //JOB books are machine things
  7. 7. “ M&H Type Arion Press Tour”, inarge , Flickr
  8. 8. (sans dynamism, texture) (size shape proportions) 2 ✚ D (very limited conception)
  9. 9. the book is a social construction a successful commodity
  10. 10. “ a book is a machine to think with.” - I. A. Richards - Principles of Literary Criticism - 1924
  11. 11. Nota Bene: books never static. we read books.
  12. 12. “ Northfield Carnegie Reading Room”, Olivander , Flickr
  13. 13. reading is itself a social product
  14. 14. a commodity in concert with language, and a conception of personal space.
  15. 15. what the heck?
  16. 16. now our analog culture is being
  17. 17. uplifted | to | digital
  18. 18. “ The Rocket blasts off”, Phil Gyford , Flickr
  19. 19. and what is a “ book ” is about to be redefined
  20. 20. not just in the context of itself
  21. 21. “ This is No Barnes and Nobel: El Ateneo Bookstore”, longhorndave , Flickr
  22. 22. new form of commodity
  23. 23. a new set of relationships
  24. 24. books are now networked commodities
  25. 25. “ Network Operations Center at NPR”, Collapse the Light , Flickr
  26. 26. “ reading” becomes redefined
  27. 27. “ Things to do while traveling by train”, Akbar Simonse, Flickr
  28. 28. reading (silently) always before a solitary act
  29. 29. 1 person + 1 book
  30. 31. reading many things [in the context of others]
  31. 32. reading will be increasingly embedded in & produced in highly networked contexts
  32. 33. So, what I want to say ...
  33. 34. what is published
  34. 35. will become less about the books
  35. 36. than the people who read them
  36. 37. “ reading in the sun”, gnackgnackgnack , Flickr
  37. 38. Books to  People
  38. 39. extract  what’s important - [inside the books]
  39. 40. words, ceoln , Flickr
  40. 41. the words that the books contain.
  41. 42. <ul><li>words that </li></ul><ul><li>represent </li></ul><ul><li>fact </li></ul><ul><li>beauty </li></ul><ul><li>thought </li></ul><ul><li>expression </li></ul>
  42. 43. digital words can be – described by other words joined across books linked with data
  43. 44. “ MMMMathemmmmmatics”, Flickroff, Flickr
  44. 45. words that: describe themselves ↓ words that: build new services
  45. 46. ah, let me explain that ...
  46. 47. “ The P Word”, racineur , Flickr
  47. 48. via a torturous analogy ... ... ... Gemeinschaft books  Gesellschaft books
  48. 49. future : when we read a book ( networked )
  49. 50. we don’t need to stop at the “cover” of the book (read just the words in the book )
  50. 51. “ book cover collage”, monkeyc.net , Flickr
  51. 52. an environment of participatory engagement
  52. 53. environment is emerging across books
  53. 54. any book can be a passage into the world of all the thoughts that can be found in the book
  54. 55. “ books strung up by their spines, and the words that fell out of them”, glitter feet , Flickr
  55. 56. books can now work together
  56. 57. words of books can be associated among each other
  57. 58. “ now”, quinnnchick , Flickr ( via Shelly Jackson’s The Skin Project )
  58. 59. literature can become a (web) service
  59. 60. “ Teaching How to Dance”, William Forrester , Flickr
  60. 61. Homework Exercise
  61. 62. <ul><li>Imagine- 1 : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All digitized non-fiction books </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>... a rough machine translation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>... the major world languages </li></ul></ul>
  62. 63. jumble of words ruptured contexts - but - “ knowledge tokens” preserved
  63. 64. a highly derivative work indexed and searchable
  64. 65. awareness of knowledge becomes accessible to a huge portion of the world
  65. 66. “ book”, mybloodyself , Flickr
  66. 67. <ul><li>Imagine- 2 : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wikipedia entries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>... machine-enhanced </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>... linked to books </li></ul></ul>
  67. 68. data in wikipedia with data in books linking _ data
  68. 69. <ul><li>Linked Data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>using the web </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to connect data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>. </li></ul></ul>
  69. 70. Linked Data uses words --- to join --- other words
  70. 71. “ Xarxa”, Xarxes socials i llengües, Flickr
  71. 72. new awareness / new knowledge / machine generated machine enhanced
  72. 73. we can do these things : today :
  73. 74. (Google does)
  74. 75. “ Platinum spiral catalyzing methanol oxidation”, ystenes , Flickr
  75. 76. we are thinking of the things you make the words the ideas
  76. 77. as a catalyst for new services ( not products)
  77. 78. Δ requires changes
  78. 79. we have to think of (IP) rights in a new way
  79. 80. just as we think of our books in a new way
  80. 81. upside for developers of services
  81. 82. services generate renewable revenue
  82. 83. In ∑ …
  83. 84. books are empowered in the digital age
  84. 85. by w o r d s
  85. 86. And the people who read them.
  86. 87. “ At The Bookstore Café”, erix !, Flickr
  87. 88. Google figured this out (Google Book Search)
  88. 89. When you think of literature as a catalyst
  89. 90. as a whole assemblage of thoughts concepts ideas
  90. 91. you are limited only by your imagination
  91. 92. “ Sweet dreams for Christmas...”, carf , Flickr
  92. 93. kthxbai! peter at diglib.org naypinya {twitter, skype, slideshare}

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