Text history presentation


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Text history presentation

  1. 1. The Road To E-Readers Presented by Amber Hightower Dustin Pappas Brandon Vieitez Frank Yost
  2. 2. <ul><li>Humankind has always attempted to express himself/herself through some form of graphic representation either by language or by art as evidenced by this picture of a hyena which is over 30,000 years old. </li></ul>early print history
  3. 3. <ul><li>Some languages like the Mayan and the Egyptian incorporated both art and language by using symbology to record their thoughts and history. This is often found on the walls of religious building or contained in scrolls made from papyrus. In fact one of the seven ancient wonders of the world was the ancient library of Alexandria, Egypt </li></ul>heiroglyphics
  4. 4. <ul><li>Written text in the middle or dark ages would have disappeared in western culture all together if not for the labors of monks who embellished the books they scribed with a new style of writing called calligraphy. The books contained in these monasteries helped to preserve mankind's knowledge during these dark times. </li></ul>THE DARK AGES
  5. 5. <ul><li>The Renaissance period saw rebirth of the arts and sciences and one of the most important invention occurred around 1440 in Germany by Johannes Gutenberg. This was the printing press. This discovery allowed for books to be created quicker and less expensive thus increasing over time humankinds access to books and literacy </li></ul>The renaissance
  6. 6. <ul><li>The typewriter brought the printing press to the home around 140 years ago when it was invented in 1870. This tool would become electrified and the friend of businessmen, writers and students until it was replaced in the 1980’s with the desk top computer and the development of word processing software </li></ul>RECENT HISTORY
  7. 7. <ul><li>1971 - The first digital book or e-book was actually part of a project called Project-Gutenberg launched by Michael Hart. The goal of this project was to create the first digital library. The main drawback with this project is that it only includes books in the public domain (Lebert 2009) </li></ul>The development of e-readers
  8. 8. <ul><li>The mission of Project Gutenberg was to put at everyone’s disposal, in electronic versions, as many literary works from public domain as possible for free. </li></ul><ul><li>The first book or document that was available via the Project Gutenberg initiative was the Declaration of Independence (Lebert 2009) </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>1994 – Publishers begin to publish books both in e-book format and in traditional print </li></ul><ul><li>1995 – Amazon.com becomes the first online bookstore where digital text can be purchased. </li></ul><ul><li>2003 – e-books are sold world wide </li></ul><ul><li>2006 – Internet users envision a world wide digital library </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>PricewaterhouseCoopers (2010) identify: PDF and ePub. </li></ul><ul><li>PDF pages are essentially copied and viewed like a picture which makes it difficult to read on smaller screens. </li></ul><ul><li>ePub on the other hand allows the user to adjust the font size but does not allow for page splitting. This may cause a problem when trying to locate a specific page or citing material in a research paper. </li></ul><ul><li>Developers are working on a compromise software that will allow page splitting while allowing the use to adjust the font size (PowerwaterhouseCoopers, 2010). </li></ul>Types of E-books
  11. 11. <ul><li>This is a graph from Liverpool university and highlights the usage of the eBook. </li></ul>Uses of E-books <ul><li>Springer, 2010 </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Since eReaders are costly, many people opt to purchase a tablet or Smartphone and download the software to read the eBooks (PricewaterhouseCoopers, 2010) but Mitchell (2011) cites a research firm, DisplaySearch, as publishing research supporting surging growth with both eReaders and Tablets. </li></ul><ul><li>E Ink is still in development and will soon offer color and a better refresh rate which may allow for video playback (Mitchell, 2011). Mitchell (2011) identifies E Ink Pearl is the most popular type of screen currently. </li></ul>Future of e-Books
  13. 13. Future of e-Books PricewaterhouseCoopers, (2010) surveyed over forty experts who were publishers, printers, book store owners, eBook manufacturers, libraries and others. They found that consumer behavior has changed. First, people carry devices and these devices can be used as an eReader. Experts also think textbooks are likely to be replaced by eBooks citing the already large market for professional books. Other factors PricewaterhouseCoopers (2010) indicate as influencing the eBooks’ future is the high cost of converting to a digital format and copy protections and piracy. This leads eBook creators to determine the cost benefit of converting a book. Smaller publishing companies do not even have the option (PricewaterhouseCoopers, 2010).
  14. 14. <ul><li>Lebert, M., (2009) A Short History of eBooks Retrieved from </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.etudesrancaises.net/dossiers/ebookEN.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>Mitchell, Robert. (2011, March). ComputerWorldUK. E-paper market continues to expand. Retrieved from </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.computerworlduk.com /in-depth/it- business/3266696/e-paper-market-continunes-to- expand/ </li></ul><ul><li>PricewaterhouseCoopers. (2010). Turning the page, the future of ebooks. Retrieved from http:// www.pwc.com/en_GX/gx/entertainment - media/pdf/eBooks-Trends-Developments.pdf </li></ul>references
  15. 15. <ul><li>Springe. (2010) A survey of ebook usage and perceptions at the university of liverpool. Retrieved from www.springer.com/cda/V7671 + Liverpool+White+Paper+Part2.pdf? </li></ul>references continued