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Narissa F. Cueva
Herbert Spencer
Herbert Spencer
(1820-1903) was known
as one of the leading
Social Darwinists of
the 19th century
was an English
philoso...
Coined the phrase
"survival of the
fittest"
Spencer was an
agnostic who
believed that the
only way to gain
knowledge was...
The Educational Theory of
Herbert Spencer
1. Theory of Value:
development of independent thought;
 importance of present...
1.Theory of Value:
 education should be directed to self-
preservation, care of offspring, preparing adults
to enjoy natu...
2. Theory of Knowledge:
knowledge as the scientific study of
education, psychology, sociology, and ethics
from an evoluti...
3. Theory of Human Nature:
notion of intelligence as mental
capacity;
"If they are sufficiently complete
to live, they d...
4. Theory of Learning:
learning as an individual effort;
learning as synthesis of all
thought;
learning should be colla...
5.Theory of Transmission:
science as the most important subject
matter;
 curriculum to be a synthesis of thought
based o...
6.Theory of Society:
progress of all kinds should be
maximized by societies and
governments that allow free
competition t...
7.Theory of Opportunity:
All young people should be
taught; education open to
competent children or adults
without fee;
...
8.Theory of Consensus:
No beliefs are wholly false;
they are true to the point to
which they all agree; eliminate
the dis...
Important Matters:
Knowledge that is best
for use in life is also
best for the
development of power
Emphasis on physical...
Reported By:
Narissa F. Cueva
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Herbert Spencer (Philosophy of Education)

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Herbert Spencer (Philosophy of Education)

  1. 1. Narissa F. Cueva
  2. 2. Herbert Spencer
  3. 3. Herbert Spencer (1820-1903) was known as one of the leading Social Darwinists of the 19th century was an English philosopher and prolific writer
  4. 4. Coined the phrase "survival of the fittest" Spencer was an agnostic who believed that the only way to gain knowledge was through a scientific approach. “Synthetic Philosophy”
  5. 5. The Educational Theory of Herbert Spencer 1. Theory of Value: development of independent thought;  importance of presenting the "natural history of society" survival of the fittest;  learning as an individual effort;
  6. 6. 1.Theory of Value:  education should be directed to self- preservation, care of offspring, preparing adults to enjoy nature, literature, fine arts, prepare to be good citizens;  knowledge of science worth more than any other knowledge;  train the memory, cultivate judgment, impart an admirable moral and religious discipline;  advocacy of instruction in public and private hygiene
  7. 7. 2. Theory of Knowledge: knowledge as the scientific study of education, psychology, sociology, and ethics from an evolutionary point of view; two fundamental beliefs - importance of science, sanctity of political and economic laissez-faire;  philosophy is knowledge of highest generality; man can only know from experiences; all thought founded on relations - humans think in terms of differences and likenesses
  8. 8. 3. Theory of Human Nature: notion of intelligence as mental capacity; "If they are sufficiently complete to live, they do live, and it is well they should live. If they are not sufficiently complete to live, they die, and it is best they should die."  a stage of evolution
  9. 9. 4. Theory of Learning: learning as an individual effort; learning as synthesis of all thought; learning should be collaborative; good training of the senses to observe accurately; "rational explanation of phenomena"
  10. 10. 5.Theory of Transmission: science as the most important subject matter;  curriculum to be a synthesis of thought based on science (especially evolution), and including philosophies of education, biology, psychology, sociology, ethics, and politics individual to teach self, aided by teachers, books, observation, laboratory work
  11. 11. 6.Theory of Society: progress of all kinds should be maximized by societies and governments that allow free competition to reign in all spheres of activity; unregulated free enterprise; survival of the fittest
  12. 12. 7.Theory of Opportunity: All young people should be taught; education open to competent children or adults without fee; survival of the fittest
  13. 13. 8.Theory of Consensus: No beliefs are wholly false; they are true to the point to which they all agree; eliminate the discordant elements and observe what remains after; this is truth and should take precedence
  14. 14. Important Matters: Knowledge that is best for use in life is also best for the development of power Emphasis on physical education Importance of science in the curriculum
  15. 15. Reported By: Narissa F. Cueva

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