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WEEK 7
HUMAN FLOURISHING
LESSON OBJECTIVES
At the end of this lesson, the cadets
should be able to:
• Identify different conceptions of human
flourishing;
• Determine the development of the
scientific method and validity of science;
and
• Critic human flourishing vis-à-vis progress
of science and technology to be able to
define for themselves the meaning of a
good life.
Science, Technology, and Human
Flourishing
- Eudaimonia, literally “good spirited,” a term coined by
Aristotle to describe the pinnacle of happiness that is
attainable by humans; has often been translated into
“human flourishing” in literature.
- Aristotle’s human flourishing arises as a result of different
components such as phronesis, friendship, wealth and
power.
- In the Ancient Greek society, they believe that acquiring
these qualities will sure bring the seekers happiness,
which in effect allows them to partake the greater notion of
what we call the Good.
- As time change, elements that comprise human
flourishing changed, people found means to live more
comfortably, explore more places, develop more products
and make more money, and then repeating the process in
This development allowed them to make
grander and more sophisticated machines to aid
them in their endeavors that eventually led to space
explorations, machines innovations, and ventures
of life after death.
Our concept of human flourishing today proves
to be different from what Aristotle originally
perceived then- humans of today are expected to
become a “man of the world”.
Competition as a means of survival has become
passe; coordination is the new trend.
Western civilization tends to be more focused on
the individual; based on an individual’s values
rather than his belief that the state is greater than
him.
The east are more community-centric;
community takes the highest regard that the
individual should sacrifice himself for the sake of
the society.
- Every discovery, innovation, and success contributes
to our pool of human knowledge; human’s perpetual
need to locate himself in the world by finding proofs to
trace evolution;
- The end goals of both science and technology and
human flourishing are related; in that the good is
inherently related to the truth, are two concepts about
science which ventures its claim on truth.
Science as Method and Results
Science’s reputation stems from the objectivity
brought upon by an arbitrary, rigid methodology
whose very character absolves it from any
accusation pf prejudice. Such infamy effectively
raised science in a pedestal untouchable by other
institutions-its sole claim to reason and
empiricism-garnering supporters who want to
defend it and its ways.
In school , the scientific method is introduced in
the earlier part of discussions. Even though the
number of steps varies, it presents a general
idea of how to do science:
1. Observe and determine if there are
unexpected occurrences, unfolding.
3. Formulate hypothesis that could explain
the said phenomenon. Ideally, the goal is to
reject the null hypothesis and accept the
alternative hypothesis for the study” to count
as significant”.
4. Conduct experiment by setting up
dependent and independent variables and
trying to see how independent ones affect
dependent ones.
5. Gather and analyze results throughout
and upon culmination of the experiment.
Examine if the data gathered are significant
enough to conclude results.
6. Formulate conclusion and provide
recommendation in case others would want
 Verification Theory
- The earliest criterion that distinguishes philosophy
and science
- The idea proposes that a discipline is science if it can
be confirmed or interpreted in the event of an
alternative hypothesis being accepted.
- Several budding theories that lack empirical results
might be shot down prematurely, causing slower
innovation and punishing ingenuity of newer, novel
thoughts.
- This theory completely fails to weed out bogus
arguments that explain things coincidentally.
- American philosopher Thomas Kuhn warned us
against bridging and gap between evidence and
theory by attempting to interpret the former according
to our own biases, that is whether or not we subscribe
to the theory.
Below is a short story illustrating this point:
Suppose, for instance, this girl Lea has a theory
that her classmate Ian likes her. Lea thought she
likes him too, but how could she know he likes her?
She began by observing him and his
interactions with her. Several gestures she noted
include his always exchanging pleasantries with her
whenever they bump into each other, his bid smile
when he sees her, and him going out of his way to
greet her even when riding a jeepney. Though
these observations, she was then able to conclude
that Ian does like her because, she thought, why
would anyone do something like that for a person
he does not like?
As it turns out, however, Ian is just generally
happy to meet people he knew. He had known Lea
since they were in first year and regards her as a
generally okay person. It is no surprise then that
upon learning that Ian basically does this to
everyone. Lea was crushed. She vowed to herself
that she would never assume again.
Based from above story, is it justified to for Lea
to think that Ian does not like her?
 Falsification Theory
- Karl Popper is the known proponent of this view.
- Falsification theory asserts that as long as an
ideology is not proven to be false and can best
explain a phenomenon over alternative theories, we
should accept the said ideology.
- This theory allowed emergence of theories otherwise
rejected by verification theory.
- It does not promote ultimate adoption of one theory
but instead encourages research in order to
determine which among the theories can stand the
test of falsification.
Science as a Social Endeavor
- Due to inconclusiveness of the methodologies, a
new school of thought on the proper demarcation
criterion of science emerged.
- Explores the social dimension of science and
effectively, technology. Science cease to belong
solely to growth wearing , bespectacled scientist
at laboratories.
- The new view perpetuates a dimension which
generally benefits the society. For instance, far-off
places of South America where many of the tribes
remain uncontacted do not regard western
science as their science.
Science and Results
People who do not understand science are
won over when the discipline is able to
produce results.
Similar to when Jesus performed miracles
and garnered followers, people are sold over
the capacity of science to do stuff they can not
fully comprehend.
- In this particular argument, however, science is
not the only discipline which is able to produce
results—religion, luck, and human randomness
are some of its contemporaries in the field.
- For some communities without access to science,
they can turn to divination and superstition and
still get the same results.
- Science is not entirely foolproof, such that it is
correct 100% of the time.
Science as Education
In the Philippines, a large distribution of science
high schools can be found, forging competition for
aspiring students to undergo rigorous science and
mathematics training based on specialized
curricula.
- As students are preconditioned that the field
would later land them high-paying jobs and a
lucrative career after graduation.
- Simply mastering science and technology would
be inadequate if we are to, say, socialize with
people or ruminate on our inner self.
- A true eudaimon recognizes that flourishing
requires one to excel in various dimensions, such
as linguistic, kinetic, artistic, and socio-civic.
How Much Is Too Much?
In 2000, world leaders signed eight concerns, one of
which states that they should be able to forge a global
partnership for development. In as much as the
institutes imposing them do so in good faith, the primary
goal to achieve growth for all might prove to be fatal in
the long run.
Economist believe that growth is the primary
indicator of development. Technology has been a
primary instrument in enabling them to pursue said goal
utilizing resources, machineries and labors. What is
missing in this equation is that growth presents as
illusory notion of sustainability-the world resources can
only provide so much, it cannot be expected to stretch
out for everybody’s consumption over a long period of
time. The same analogy applies to the capacity of
nature to accommodate us. Suggested that developed

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1664158060966676 - Copy.pptx

  • 2. LESSON OBJECTIVES At the end of this lesson, the cadets should be able to: • Identify different conceptions of human flourishing; • Determine the development of the scientific method and validity of science; and • Critic human flourishing vis-à-vis progress of science and technology to be able to define for themselves the meaning of a good life.
  • 3. Science, Technology, and Human Flourishing - Eudaimonia, literally “good spirited,” a term coined by Aristotle to describe the pinnacle of happiness that is attainable by humans; has often been translated into “human flourishing” in literature. - Aristotle’s human flourishing arises as a result of different components such as phronesis, friendship, wealth and power. - In the Ancient Greek society, they believe that acquiring these qualities will sure bring the seekers happiness, which in effect allows them to partake the greater notion of what we call the Good. - As time change, elements that comprise human flourishing changed, people found means to live more comfortably, explore more places, develop more products and make more money, and then repeating the process in
  • 4. This development allowed them to make grander and more sophisticated machines to aid them in their endeavors that eventually led to space explorations, machines innovations, and ventures of life after death. Our concept of human flourishing today proves to be different from what Aristotle originally perceived then- humans of today are expected to become a “man of the world”. Competition as a means of survival has become passe; coordination is the new trend. Western civilization tends to be more focused on the individual; based on an individual’s values rather than his belief that the state is greater than him. The east are more community-centric; community takes the highest regard that the individual should sacrifice himself for the sake of the society.
  • 5. - Every discovery, innovation, and success contributes to our pool of human knowledge; human’s perpetual need to locate himself in the world by finding proofs to trace evolution; - The end goals of both science and technology and human flourishing are related; in that the good is inherently related to the truth, are two concepts about science which ventures its claim on truth.
  • 6. Science as Method and Results Science’s reputation stems from the objectivity brought upon by an arbitrary, rigid methodology whose very character absolves it from any accusation pf prejudice. Such infamy effectively raised science in a pedestal untouchable by other institutions-its sole claim to reason and empiricism-garnering supporters who want to defend it and its ways. In school , the scientific method is introduced in the earlier part of discussions. Even though the number of steps varies, it presents a general idea of how to do science: 1. Observe and determine if there are unexpected occurrences, unfolding.
  • 7. 3. Formulate hypothesis that could explain the said phenomenon. Ideally, the goal is to reject the null hypothesis and accept the alternative hypothesis for the study” to count as significant”. 4. Conduct experiment by setting up dependent and independent variables and trying to see how independent ones affect dependent ones. 5. Gather and analyze results throughout and upon culmination of the experiment. Examine if the data gathered are significant enough to conclude results. 6. Formulate conclusion and provide recommendation in case others would want
  • 8.  Verification Theory - The earliest criterion that distinguishes philosophy and science - The idea proposes that a discipline is science if it can be confirmed or interpreted in the event of an alternative hypothesis being accepted. - Several budding theories that lack empirical results might be shot down prematurely, causing slower innovation and punishing ingenuity of newer, novel thoughts. - This theory completely fails to weed out bogus arguments that explain things coincidentally. - American philosopher Thomas Kuhn warned us against bridging and gap between evidence and theory by attempting to interpret the former according to our own biases, that is whether or not we subscribe to the theory.
  • 9. Below is a short story illustrating this point: Suppose, for instance, this girl Lea has a theory that her classmate Ian likes her. Lea thought she likes him too, but how could she know he likes her? She began by observing him and his interactions with her. Several gestures she noted include his always exchanging pleasantries with her whenever they bump into each other, his bid smile when he sees her, and him going out of his way to greet her even when riding a jeepney. Though these observations, she was then able to conclude that Ian does like her because, she thought, why would anyone do something like that for a person he does not like?
  • 10. As it turns out, however, Ian is just generally happy to meet people he knew. He had known Lea since they were in first year and regards her as a generally okay person. It is no surprise then that upon learning that Ian basically does this to everyone. Lea was crushed. She vowed to herself that she would never assume again. Based from above story, is it justified to for Lea to think that Ian does not like her?
  • 11.  Falsification Theory - Karl Popper is the known proponent of this view. - Falsification theory asserts that as long as an ideology is not proven to be false and can best explain a phenomenon over alternative theories, we should accept the said ideology. - This theory allowed emergence of theories otherwise rejected by verification theory. - It does not promote ultimate adoption of one theory but instead encourages research in order to determine which among the theories can stand the test of falsification.
  • 12. Science as a Social Endeavor - Due to inconclusiveness of the methodologies, a new school of thought on the proper demarcation criterion of science emerged. - Explores the social dimension of science and effectively, technology. Science cease to belong solely to growth wearing , bespectacled scientist at laboratories. - The new view perpetuates a dimension which generally benefits the society. For instance, far-off places of South America where many of the tribes remain uncontacted do not regard western science as their science.
  • 13. Science and Results People who do not understand science are won over when the discipline is able to produce results. Similar to when Jesus performed miracles and garnered followers, people are sold over the capacity of science to do stuff they can not fully comprehend. - In this particular argument, however, science is not the only discipline which is able to produce results—religion, luck, and human randomness are some of its contemporaries in the field. - For some communities without access to science, they can turn to divination and superstition and still get the same results. - Science is not entirely foolproof, such that it is correct 100% of the time.
  • 14. Science as Education In the Philippines, a large distribution of science high schools can be found, forging competition for aspiring students to undergo rigorous science and mathematics training based on specialized curricula. - As students are preconditioned that the field would later land them high-paying jobs and a lucrative career after graduation. - Simply mastering science and technology would be inadequate if we are to, say, socialize with people or ruminate on our inner self. - A true eudaimon recognizes that flourishing requires one to excel in various dimensions, such as linguistic, kinetic, artistic, and socio-civic.
  • 15. How Much Is Too Much? In 2000, world leaders signed eight concerns, one of which states that they should be able to forge a global partnership for development. In as much as the institutes imposing them do so in good faith, the primary goal to achieve growth for all might prove to be fatal in the long run. Economist believe that growth is the primary indicator of development. Technology has been a primary instrument in enabling them to pursue said goal utilizing resources, machineries and labors. What is missing in this equation is that growth presents as illusory notion of sustainability-the world resources can only provide so much, it cannot be expected to stretch out for everybody’s consumption over a long period of time. The same analogy applies to the capacity of nature to accommodate us. Suggested that developed