Importance of Philosophy to Students of Education
Aim : is to provide the students the basis of
philosophical understanding which enables
them to arrive at a logical and systematic
theory of education.
The study of philosophy serves to develop
intellectual abilities and skills required for any
It cultivates the capacities and
appetite for self-expression and
reflection, for exchange and debate of
ideas, for life -long learning, and for
dealing with problems for which there
are no easy answers.
It also helps to prepare one for the
tasks of citizenship. A good
philosophical education enhances the
capacity to participate responsibly and
intelligently in public life.
“ IT IS AN ACCEPTED FACT THAT THE
INTELLECTUAL HORIZON IS DEVELOPED
THROUGH PHILOSOPHICAL EXPERIENCE
IN THE STUDY OF MAN, TRUTH, AND VALUES. ”
• Knowledge is independent of sense experience. Man
knows some truths by reasoning logically in the
relationship between values.
• Idealists start with the idea and ends with thing. Idea
is the real thing.
• Idealist believes that the mind exist, and that our
sense of the external world (physical reality) is simply
a construction of the mind.
Idealist deny that thinking is the product of the
human brain, they claim that thinking is the
activity of minds and souls.
Idealists deny that matter even exist. Matter,
they claim , is simply an illusion . Things aren’t
materials but groups of ideas or sensations that
exist in our minds or in the mind of God.
1. Crime, for example, is said to exist because some
people are sinful or evil, and not because of
poverty, unemployment and other real material
2. A doctor who maintained that evil spirits were
the real cause of disease.
3. Reject the theory of evolution in favor of biblical
To the idealist the purpose of education is to assist
in the development of the spirit and self of the
Education assists in the development of the good
and abundant life.
The school must emphasize the development the
development of the following areas of life:
Self –discipline or control
Realism is an attempt to portray life as it
The realist believes that the world is
made of real, substantial material
Thing is more important than the idea.
Contrasting Idealism and Realism
- MIND/ SPIRIT
- DUTY/ OBLIGATION
-SENSES and REASON-
- MIND AND BODY
- Happiness /Liberty
Importance of subconscious mind
The role of the racial minorities in society
Man’s search for value in a hostile world.
Recognizes the right of individual to an
education based upon his nature.
Provides man with the essential knowledge
he needs to survive in nature.
To the Realist education exists for the
1. To transmit culture
2. To develop thinking and reasoning
3. To develop the ability to live a life a life of reason
4. To learn to live a life in a higher place.
“ IT IS EASY TO BE HUMAN,
IT IS HARD TO BE
Humanism is a rational philosophy based on
belief in the dignity of man, informed by
Science and motivated by human hope and
Humanism bases its values on human needs
and aspirations. It’s similar to a moral
* Humanism centers on humans and their
values, capacities, and worth .
1. The right of Liberty
2. Freedom of speech
3. Rights to vote
4. Demand improvement
5. Justice for the species as a whole
Modern Humanism now states ‘Education is a
right, not a privilege’.
In general the philosophy of pragmatism is
grouped under the general term
Experimentalism. In other words,
Experimentalism and Pragmatism are closely
1. Both believe reality is determined by
2. All that can be known is dependent upon
3. This experience of phenomena determines
4. Dr. John Dewey is considered as
experimentalist because he insists that ideas
must always be tested by experiment.
5. Pragmatist also believes that an idea is
true if it works and false if it does not.
If an idea does what it intends as plan of
action, it is true. If it falls, it is false.
Implication to Education:
1. Education must be problem centered and it
must be felt by the learners and should be
centered upon his abilities, needs and
2. The curriculum of the school must be formulated in
terms of activities or projects relevant to the students’
abilities and community needs.
3. Teaching must be stressing learning by
doing and living.
PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION 101 July 14, 2012
Prepared by: NOEL L . SAGAYCA
Submitted to : DR. GLORIA YAN