UNIVERSITY OF LUZON GRADUATE SCHOOLPERENNIALISM Reporter: KATHLEEN LAT ENCARNACION
PERENNIALISM Aims to develop student’s intellectual and moral qualities. They emphasize that students should not be taught information that may soon be outdated or found to be incorrect.
PERENNIALISM Classrooms are centered on teachers. It ensures that students acquire understandings about the great ideas of Western civilization.
PERENNIALISM Perennialism teaches concepts and focuses on knowledge and the meaning of knowledge. Aimed at teaching students ways of thinking that will secure individual freedoms, human rights, and responsibilities through the nature.
WHY IS IT CALLED TEACHER-CENTERED? Emphasize the importance of transferring knowledge, information and skills from the older generation to the younger one. The teacher is not concern at the student’s interest.
WHY IS IT CALLED TEACHER-CENTERED?More focus on the curriculum and nature need. The teacher set everything based on the syllabus.
TEACHER-CENTERED PHILOSOPHIES Focus on curriculum . Sample Educational classroom Leaders. PERENNIALISM activity. Goals for Role of Students. Teacher.
Focus On Sample Role of Teacher Goals for Educational Curriculum Classroom Students Leaders Activity-Universal and - Instill respectunchanging for authority,truth. perseverance, - Train the duty, students intellect- To espouse consideration, and moralpersonal and practicality. development. - Robertdevelopment and Maynardinternal Indoor - Act as the Hutchinstransformation. - Experiment director and - Able to (Science) coach of intellect discipline - Mortimer J.- To search and respondent. themselves. Adlerdisseminate thesubjects based - Must deliveron the universal clear lectures. - Will gain the - Jacquesand immutable ability to develop Maritaintruth. - Coaching in a full “range of critical thinking rational powers.”- History, Science, skills.Language,Mathematics,Religion.
THE GREAT IDEAS IN WESTERN CIVILIZATION ARE: History Religion Works of literature and art The laws and principles of Science
THE GREAT IDEAS IN WESTERN CIVILIZATION ARE: These ideas have thepotential for solvingproblems in any era.
THE FOCUS Is to teach ideas that are everlasting. To seek enduring truths which are constant (not changing), as the natural and human worlds at their most essential level, do not change.
CURRICULUMFocuses on attainingcultural literacy,stressing students’growth in enduringdisciplines.
CURRICULUM They recommend that students learn from reading and analyzing the works by history’s finest thinkers and writers.(Perennialists think it is important that individuals think deeply, analytically, flexibly and imaginatively.)
CURRICULUMPerennialists believe that reading is tobe supplemented with mutualinvestigations (between the teacherand the student) and minimally-directed discussions through theSocratic method in order to develop ahistorically oriented understanding ofconcepts.
CURRICULUMA skilled teacher would keepdiscussions on topic andcorrect errors in reasoning, butit would be the class, not theteacher, who would reach theconclusions.
The advocatesROBERT MAYNARD HUTCHINS- Developed a Great Books program in 1963.
The advocates MORTIMER J. ADLER [1902-2001] JACQUES MARITAIN [1882-1973]
ADLER STATES“… our political democracy depends upon the reconstruction of our schools. Our schools are not turning out young people prepared for the high office and the duties of citizenship in a democratic republic. Our political institutions cannot thrive, they may not even survive, if we do not produce a greater number of thinking citizens, from
ADLER STATESwhom some statesmen of the type we had inthe 18th century might eventually emerge. Weare, indeed, a nation at risk, and nothing butradical reform of our schools can save usfrom impending disaster…whatever theprice…the price we will pay for not doing itwill be much greater.”
Hutchins point of view“…new books have been written that have won their place in the list. Books once thought entitled to belong to it have been superseded; and this process of change will continue as long as men can think and write. It is the task of every generation to reassess the tradition in which it lives, to discard what it cannot use, and to bring into context with
Hutchins point of viewthe distant and intermediate past the most recent contributions to the Great conversation…the West needs to recapture and reemphasize and bring to bear upon its present problems the wisdom that lies in the works of its greatest thinkers and in the discussion that they have carried on.
Perennialists think Perennialism believed itwas a solution proposed inresponse to what wasconsidered by many to bea failing educationalsystem.