Secrets of PBL for STEM

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Dr. Michael M. Grant discusses the components of project, methods to manage projects, and tips for implementing project-based learning.

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Secrets of PBL for STEM

  1. 1. The Secrets to Project-based Learning in STEMMichael  M.  Grant,  Ph.D.      Michael M. Grant 2009
  2. 2. Michael  M.  Grant  Instruc4onal  Design  &  Technology  h:p://viral-­‐notebook.com  mgrant2@memphis.edu  @michaelmgrant   Michael M. Grant 2012
  3. 3. http://viral-notebook.comMichael M. Grant 2012
  4. 4. 32 Secrets to Share • Defining projects •  Components of projects •  Managing projects •  Creating projects •  Grading projects •  The realities of projects
  5. 5. Who likes learning new stuff?
  6. 6. Who likes school?
  7. 7. We’ve got to change that! It’s up to me & you!
  8. 8. Defining projects
  9. 9. 1Projects are authentic, reflecting the real world.
  10. 10. 2Projects use a driving question or problem.
  11. 11. 3Projects require the production of an artifact.
  12. 12. 4Projects value depth over breadth.
  13. 13. Components of projects
  14. 14. 5Projects require a task or series of tasks.
  15. 15. 6Students follow a process or investigationto complete task(s) and produce artifact. Project are not recipes.
  16. 16. 7Project task(s) afford multiple paths to completion and learning.
  17. 17. 8Students should have choice in the topic(s) and/or process of investigation.
  18. 18. 9Scaffolds help students perform at a higher level with project tasks.
  19. 19. 10 Resources are evaluated andsynthesized to produce artifact(s).
  20. 20. 11Collaborations allows students to negotiate content and receive feedback.
  21. 21. 12Assessment encompasses process and product.
  22. 22. 13 Artifacts afford multiplerepresentations of knowledge. Projects are not recipes.
  23. 23. Managing projects
  24. 24. 14Projects take time.
  25. 25. 15 Good projects offer studentsopportunities to gauge their learning.
  26. 26. 16Teachers embed mechanisms to help students manage projects.
  27. 27. 17Projects achieve multiple standards/ objectives at the same time.
  28. 28. Creating projects
  29. 29. 18Projects should encourage students to at least apply knowledge.
  30. 30. Bloom’s Taxonomy Higher   Evalua4on   Order   Thinking   Synthesis   Skills   (HOTS)   Analysis   Applica4on   Lower   Order   Comprehension   Thinking   Skills   Knowledge   (LOTS)  
  31. 31. 19Students will segment their learningfrom one class or topic to another.Merging STEM should be the rule — not the exception.
  32. 32. 20Students will gauge what is easy to do and choose the path of least resistance.
  33. 33. 21Students previous experiences with projects will impact what artifacts students produce.
  34. 34. 22The amount of time and the resourcesavailable to the student will impact the artifacts students produce.
  35. 35. Grading projects
  36. 36. 23Projects should be rigorous.
  37. 37. 24 Projects take longer to grade...but thefinal grade shouldnt be the first grade. Constantly refer to the rubric and the driving question.
  38. 38. 25 Projects may aggregate multiplesources of knowledge into a portfolio.
  39. 39. 26 Students will weigh whats goodenough versus the amount of time and effort required.
  40. 40. 27 It is practically impossible for anartifact to represent all that has been learned.
  41. 41. 28Process and product must beassessed in order to recognize what students have learned.
  42. 42. The realities of projects
  43. 43. 29Teachers and students must recognizeand accept their roles in project-based learning.
  44. 44. 30 Teachers and students must be comfortable with the physicalmessiness of project-based learning.
  45. 45. 31Teachers and students must have a tolerance for ambiguity in project- based learning.
  46. 46. 32 Project-based learning must beintegrated with the reality outside a teacher’s classroom.
  47. 47. Questions?
  48. 48. Thanks MSTC for having me and letting me playwith you guys for a couple of days!! mgrant2@memphis.eduhttp://viral-notebook.com @michaelmgrant
  49. 49. Michael M. Grant, PhD 2012 This work is licensed under aCreative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

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