Learning on the move: Considerations for formal, informal, and semiformal learning
Learning on the moveConsiderations for formal, semi-formal& informal learning and instructionMichael M. Grant, PhDmgrant2@memphis.edu | @michaelmgrantEmerging Technology & STEM Symposium | May 6, 2013Michael M. Grant 2013Image from http://www.flickr.com/photos/ari/
Michael M. GrantThe University of Memphishttp://viral-notebook.com@michaelmgrant
Considerations• Much of mobile learning literature focuses onleveraging informal learning.• Fragmented, transient knowledge may occur frominformal learning.• Disconnected pieces of information must beintegrated and internalized.
Uses ofMobileDevicesIncreased access to studentinformation & campus resourcesIncrease interaction with contentCreate representations of knowledgeAugment face-to-face instructionSupport performance & decision-makingDeploy instruction
Increase access tostudent information &campus resources
Increase interaction withcontentImage from http://www.flickr.com/photos/chegs/5161314847/sizes/l/
GeoJourneyImages from http://www.bgsu.edu/offices/mc/monitor/01-15-07/page26071.html
ConsiderationsMobile devices & servicesCulture & situatednessMediationLearner autonomy, self-direction &self-regulationWhat does mobile mean?Always isn’t better.
Mobile Devices & Services• Characteristics of mobile devices make themattractive for learners, teachers, and developers.• Mobile device adoption does not guarantee itspotential or use.• Mobile device adoption does not guarantee theadoption of mobile services.• Little attention given to the distinction betweenmobile devices and mobile services.
Culture & situatedness• Mobility with learning affords authenticinteractions within cultural settings.• Learning in situ provides authentic settings andlends real-world credence to learning contents.• Context-aware, or location-based services, allowspecific learning tasks to occur at a particularlocation.• The value and utility of location-based services isjust beginning to show promise.
Mediation• Mobile devices and mobile services mediateinteractions with physical and networkedenvironments.• Mediated interactions facilitates/allowsknowledge construction.
Learner autonomy, self-direction & self-regulation• Mobile learners are physically and sociallyseparated from peers and teachers.• Learning itself with mobile devices and mobileservices may change.• There is not consensus on the use of self-regulation with mobile learning.
What does ‘mobile’ mean?• Mobile is used often without a clear definition.• Mobile described both identity and influences.• Mobile reflects the fluidity and flexibility of mobiledevices and mobile services.• Mobile augments learners.
Always isn’t betterThe more learning is decentralized, themore important guidance andscaffolding will become.