Australia is Discovered<br />
Origin and History of the Name<br />Australia comes from the Latin word Australis, which means “of the south” or “southern...
Origin and history of the name<br />Legends of an “unknown land of the south” (terra australias incognita) were common as ...
Origin and history of the name<br />References to Australia were common in medieval geography.<br />There was no evidence ...
European Exploration<br />Many Europeans claimed to be the first to discover Australia.<br />French navigator BinotPaulime...
The Dutch<br />The first undisputed European sighting occurred in 1606 by the Dutch.<br />The Dutch vessel Duyfken,<br />c...
The Dutch<br />The Dutch charted all of the western and northern coastlines of “New Holland”.<br />On November 24, 1642 , ...
The British<br />The first Englishman to see Australia was William Dampier, a former pirate.<br />He made two voyages arou...
The British<br />In 1770, Captain James Cook sailed along and mapped the east coast of Australia.  He named it New South W...
4 Australia Is Discovered
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4 Australia Is Discovered

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4 Australia Is Discovered

  1. 1. Australia is Discovered<br />
  2. 2. Origin and History of the Name<br />Australia comes from the Latin word Australis, which means “of the south” or “southern.”<br />
  3. 3. Origin and history of the name<br />Legends of an “unknown land of the south” (terra australias incognita) were common as far back as Roman times.<br />
  4. 4. Origin and history of the name<br />References to Australia were common in medieval geography.<br />There was no evidence at the <br />time of Australia.<br />The Dutch East India official <br />called the newly discovered <br />land (1638) Australische.<br />The first use of the word <br /> “Australia” in English was <br /> in 1693.<br />
  5. 5. European Exploration<br />Many Europeans claimed to be the first to discover Australia.<br />French navigator BinotPaulimer de Gonneville in 1504 (actually landed in Brazil)<br />Spanish expedition commanded by Pedro Fernandez de Quiros and piloted by Luis vaez de Torres in 1605 (actually landed in New Hebrides, now known as Vanuatu)<br />Portuguese expedition led by Cristóvão de Mendonça in 1522<br />None can be confirmed.<br />
  6. 6. The Dutch<br />The first undisputed European sighting occurred in 1606 by the Dutch.<br />The Dutch vessel Duyfken,<br />captained by Willem Janszoon,<br />explored the coast of the Gulf<br />of Carpentaria.<br />They Dutch made one landing,<br />were promptly attacked by the<br />Aborigines, and abandoned <br />further exploration.<br />
  7. 7. The Dutch<br />The Dutch charted all of the western and northern coastlines of “New Holland”.<br />On November 24, 1642 , Abel<br />Tasman discovered Tasmania<br /> which he named <br />Van Diemen’s Land.<br />Van Diemen was the head<br />the Dutch East India <br />Company, Tasman’s employer.<br />Tasman claimed Van Diemen’s Land for the Netherlands.<br />
  8. 8. The British<br />The first Englishman to see Australia was William Dampier, a former pirate.<br />He made two voyages around Australia (in 1688 and 1699) before returning<br />to England.<br />He was the first European<br /> to report <br />Australia’s unusual,<br />large, hopping animals<br />
  9. 9.
  10. 10. The British<br />In 1770, Captain James Cook sailed along and mapped the east coast of Australia. He named it New South Wales and claimed it for Britain. <br />It became a prison colony.<br />

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