Language And Religion Of Australia 08 09


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Language And Religion Of Australia 08 09

  1. 1. Impact of English Colonization on Australia: Language & Religion Unit 10 Notes
  2. 2. Language of Australia <ul><li>Direct result of British colonization & expansion </li></ul><ul><li>Australia was the final continent discovered by Europeans </li></ul><ul><li>Aborigines had inhabited the country for centuries </li></ul>
  3. 4. Language <ul><li>1768: Captain James Cook left England and explored & mapped parts of eastern Australia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Claimed the land for England & named it New South Wales </li></ul></ul><ul><li>England did not immediately colonize it… </li></ul>
  4. 6. Language <ul><li>1788: England sent a crew to Australia to begin building prisons </li></ul><ul><li>Earlier, England had been shipping prisoners to American colonies--no longer a choice after the American Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>1788-1823: New South Wales was a penal (prison) colony housing convicts and marines </li></ul>
  5. 8. Language <ul><li>1823: British government established Australia’s first Parliament that created criminal and civil courts </li></ul><ul><li>By 1868: more than 170,000 convicts had arrived in Australia from England </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The language of the prisoners was English… </li></ul></ul>
  6. 9. Language <ul><li>French government became interested in Australia’s west coast </li></ul><ul><li>To keep French out, English settlers built new villages and cities as far out as possible </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This spread English language to western Australia </li></ul></ul>
  7. 10. Language <ul><li>More British immigrants entered Australia during the gold rush of the mid-1800s </li></ul><ul><li>Thousands of Chinese immigrants arrived as well </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chinese didn’t become an important language because the English-speakers were too plentiful </li></ul></ul>
  8. 12. Language <ul><li>When Australia gained its independence from Great Britain, the government wanted to make sure it wouldn’t get too many immigrants </li></ul><ul><li>It allowed people from England & US to enter the country, but made rules to stop immigrants from Africa & Asia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Encouraged more English speakers to move to Australia </li></ul></ul>
  9. 13. Language <ul><li>Today, more than 20% of Australians were born in another country </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Half of Australia came from non-English speaking countries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Because of Australia’s history, English is still the official language & it’s the most common language spoken </li></ul>
  10. 14. Religion <ul><li>1788: Europeans introduced Christianity to Australia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Irish convicts were Catholic, while most others were Methodist or Anglican </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1800s: European settlers brought their traditional churches to Australia--Church of England (now Anglican Church), Methodist, Catholic, Presbyterian, Congregationalist, & Baptist </li></ul>
  11. 15. Religion <ul><li>Today, most Australians are Christians </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Roman Catholic Church and the Anglican Church claim the most members </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Muslims, Buddhists, Jews, & Hindus combined make up less than 5% of the population </li></ul>