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  1. 1. Canada at the Turn of the Century
  2. 2. The British Empire
  3. 3. The British Empire
  4. 4. Queen Victoria <ul><li>Painting by </li></ul><ul><li>F. Winterhalter. </li></ul><ul><li>(1859) </li></ul><ul><li>(Age 40) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Queen Victoria <ul><li>Photographed for her Golden Jubilee (1887) </li></ul>
  6. 6. American Expansion <ul><li>Manifest Destiny by John Gast, 1872 </li></ul>
  7. 7. White Man’s Burden <ul><li>Take up the White Man's burden-- Send forth the best ye breed-- Go bind your sons to exile To serve your captives' need; To wait in heavy harness, On fluttered folk and wild-- Your new-caught, sullen peoples, Half-devil and half-child. -Rudyard Kipling, 1899 </li></ul>
  8. 8. American Expansion
  9. 9. Sir Wilfrid Laurier Prime Minister of Canada (1896-1911) First French-Canadian prime minister
  10. 10. Sir Wilfrid Laurier <ul><li>“ Let me tell you, my fellow countrymen, that the twentieth century shall be the century of Canada and of Canadian development… Canada shall be the star toward which all men who love progress and freedom shall come.” </li></ul><ul><li>(1904) </li></ul>
  11. 11. French-English Relations <ul><li>Henri Bourassa </li></ul>
  12. 12. Immigration
  13. 13. Immigration
  14. 14. Clifford Sifton Minister of the Interior (1896-1905) Superintendent General of Indian Affairs (1896-1905)
  15. 15. Clifford Sifton <ul><ul><li>“ I think a stalwart peasant in a sheepskin coat, born on the soil whose forefathers have been farmers for ten generations, with a stout wife and a half a dozen children, is good quality.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-See chart p.6 </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Laurier on immigration… <ul><li>“We do not want any individual to forget the land of their origin or their ancestors. Let them look to the past, but let them look to the future. Let the look to the land of their ancestors, but let them also look to the land of their children.” </li></ul><ul><li>(1905) </li></ul>
  17. 17. Those who were welcome…
  18. 18. …and those who weren’t.
  19. 19. Urbanization <ul><li>Technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Electricity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Urban geography </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wireless telegraph (Dec. 1902) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Automobiles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Silver Dart (Feb. 1909) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cause for concern </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poverty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Titanic , April 1912 </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Labour Movement <ul><li>Canadian Labour Federation, 1902 </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Actual clout </li></ul>
  21. 21. The Role of Women <ul><li>Nellie McClung, circa 1905-1922 </li></ul><ul><li>See quote on page 17 </li></ul><ul><li>“ Separate Spheres” </li></ul>
  22. 22. The Life of Children <ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Child Labour </li></ul><ul><li>Entertainment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rules for courting p.20 </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. International Affairs <ul><li>South African War </li></ul><ul><li>Alaska Boundary Dispute </li></ul><ul><li>Naval Question </li></ul><ul><li>Reciprocity </li></ul>
  24. 24. The Boer War (1899-1902)
  25. 25. Alaska Boundary Dispute <ul><li>Gold Rush, 1890s </li></ul><ul><li>Interests of colony v. Interests of Empire </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to manage foreign affairs </li></ul><ul><li>P. 25 Fig. 2.12 </li></ul>
  26. 26. The Naval Question p. 26 Fig. 2.13
  27. 27. Reciprocity and Manifest Destiny <ul><li>“…because I hope to see the day when an American flag will float over every square foot of the British North American possession clear to the North Pole.” </li></ul><ul><li>-speaker of Missouri legislature, 1911 </li></ul><ul><li>-Regional differences </li></ul><ul><li>-Election of 1911 </li></ul>
  28. 28. Robert Borden