Bridges to the Gilded Age
United States in 1875
The Gilded Age witnessedenormous increases in outputand value. Huge populationincreases helped driveindustrial and farm ou...
The North• Railroads
Railroad Expansion, 1870-1890This map provides a vivid illustration of the railroad expansion in just two decades.
Transcontinental Railroads and Federal Land Grants, 1850-1900
The ―Big Trestle‖ near Promontory Summit show some of the engineering accomplishments of the railroadconstruction crews. T...
“The Last Spike” at Promontory Summit, 10 May 1869 completing the transcontinental railroad. A.J. Russell was the photogra...
Transcontinental Railroads and Federal Land Grants, 1850-1900
Big Business
Vertical Integration                       Horizontal Integration
John D. Rockefeller and Standard Oil
Standard Oil Refinery in Cleveland, OH (1889)
Standard Oil horse-drawn oil tank, probably selling kerosene.
―What a Funny Little Government‖The Verdict on January 22, 1900 shows Rockefeller holding the White House in his hand, whi...
Andrew Carnegie and Steel
Bessemer process
Andrew Carnegie‘s Steel Works, General View of Blast Furnaces, Homestead, PA
The McCormick Reaper Works outside Chicago in 1887.
Inventions
This is Alexander Graham-Bells telephone,which he demonstrated to the world in 1876at the Philadelphia Centennial Expositi...
Alexander Graham Bell placing the first telephone call      between New York and Chicago in 1892
Young Thomas Edison with an early phonograph
Thomas Edison‘s application for a patent    for the incandescent light bulb.
Replica of Edison‘sfirst incandescentelectric light bulb.
Thomas Edisons Laboratories in Menlo Park, NJ, c. 1880  Thomas Edisons dream of illuminating the world is illustrated by t...
Edisons Chemistry Lab at Meno Park, NJ
Christopher Scholes typewriter, 1873
Later typewriters and their keys.
“Consuming”
A ―mom and pop‖ general store.
A small ―dry goods‖ store in Upper Sandusky, OH. Notice counters separate customers from merchandise.
The Marble Palace of Alexander T. Stewart in Manhattanopened for business in 1846. Notice the street-levelwindows for merc...
Macy‘s department store in New York City
The 1897 Sears catalog.
Uneeda Biscuit‘s nationalcampaign poster.
Cream of Wheat advertisement, probably 1895.
Ads for the Kodak ―boxcamera‖ in 1888
1898 Ivory soap poster                         1916 Ivory soap advertisement                         showing US Army soldi...
Labor
―New England factory life—―Bell Time,‖ Harpers Weekly, 25 July1868. Drawing byWinslow Homer. Workers going to the Lowell M...
Small children working in the mills was common
Boys in a North Carolina textile mill in 1908.
―Breaker Boys‖ at work.
Women workers in a ―sweatshop‖
―The Female Slaves of New York. –‗Sweaters‘ and their Victims. 1) Scene in a‗sweater‗s‘ factory; 2) The End; 3) Scene atth...
Shoeworkers in Haverhill, MA ca. 1880
Drawing of the Great Railroad Strike of 1877 in Baltimore, MD
Picture and map of Pullman, Illinois
Railroad cars destroyed in Pullman strike                                            Cleanup after strike.
Immigration
―Welcome to All!,‖ Puck, April 28, 1880.―We may say that the present influx of immigrants to the United States is somethin...
―New York - Welcome to the land of freedom - An ocean steamer passing the Statue of Liberty:Scene on the steerage deck‖ Fr...
Emigrants coming tothe ―Land ofPromise― (ca 1902)
Immigrants on a ship waiting to set foot in their new home
Immigrants just arrivedfrom foreign countries –Immigrant Building,Ellis Island, New YorkHarbor (1904)
Inspection room at Ellis Island
Dalrymple‘s cartoon giving a harsh warning about ―The High Tide of Immigration.‖ He believes the dangerlies in the number ...
―What Shall We Do With Our Boys?‖ The Wasp, 1882
―In the Clutches of the Chinese Tiger‖ -- 1885
Urbanization
Technological advances, the Brooklyn Bridge under construction. Itwas completed in 1883 and connected the largest and the ...
Brooklyn Bridge in 1890 with sailing ship beneath. Notice how thebridge towers over the surrounding neighborhoods.
New York and Brooklyn Bridge in 1889
Electric trolleys in New York City in 1900
Electric street cars of New Orleans. Rail lines transformedcities in the late 19th century
The first Oldsmobile was built in 1897.
Tenements in New York City, with clotheslines strung between buildings.
Mulberry Street, New York, 1905 part of the Russian Jewish Lower East Side
Street life for the urban poor.
―Garbage in the streets, East Fifth Street, N.Y.C. tenement area,‖ Jacob Riis photo (ca 1890)
New York City in 1885This photograph shows the crowded,chaotic nature of lower Manhattan inthe 1880s. This is Broadway atC...
Urban congestion in Chicago in 1890s.
Chicago‘s StateStreet.
World‘s Columbian Exposition, Court of Honor (1893)
Worlds Columbian Exposition: Grand Basin (1893)
The Midway, Worlds Columbian Exposition, Chicago, IL (1893) In the background is the FerrisWheel on the ―Midway‖. The whee...
Ferris Wheel in 1893 at the ―fair‖. Notice how it towers over the landscape.
The West
Mining and Cattle Frontiers, 1860-1890
The Texas Cowboy
Moving cattle on the ―long drive‖
Cowboys with their herd.
Packing houses in the distance. Covered pens for hogs and sheep; open pens for cattle. Area of yards, 75 acres;50 miles ra...
The beginning of the ―disassembly line.‖
Meatpacking industry
Sylvester Rawding family in front of sod house, north of Sargent, Custer Co., Nebraska (1886)
Sodhouse
Morrison residence on Victoria Creek near Merna, Custer County, Nebraska (1886)
―Bonanza‖ farm
Harvesting wheat on ―bonanza‖ farm
The American Bison, or Buffalo
William J. Hays painted Herd on the MoveHe was accused of exaggerating the numbers of bison.
Another William J. Hays painting of bison on the Great Plains. The Gathering of theBuffalo Herds (1866)
An advertisement for thefashionable buffalo robes(1870s).
―Buffalo Hunters‖
Stacks of buffalo hides in Dodge City, Kansas in 1873. This one         company could handle 80,000 hides at at time.
“The Buffalo Hunt” by Frederic Remington (1890) By the time he   painted this picture, such hunts would have been a rarity.
Indian Reservations, 1875 and 1900
Tom Torlino as he arrived   Tom Torlino several months  at The Carlisle school    laterOctober 21, 1882 from his      Nava...
The students at the Carlisle School of Captain Richard Pratt.
Annie Oakley. Though she “advertised” the West in Buffalo   Bill’s Wild West show, she never lived west of Ohio.
―Sitting Bull and Buffalo Bill, 1885‖Photograph originally taken by WilliamNotman studios, Montreal, Quebec,Canada, during...
Indian Reservations, 1875 and 1900
―The opening of the fight at Wounded Knee,‖ a drawing byFrederic Remington for Harper’s Weekly, 24 January 1891.
Burying the Dead at Wounded KneeThrowing the frozen bodies of the Sioux intoan open trench was a grim reminder of USArmy-I...
The New South
Trolley car in the South with the ―For Whites‖ sign.
Poll tax receipt for Birmingham, Alabama.Note the date the tax was paid – April 1896.Note the two ―labels‖ (Col.) (White.)
The New South• Booker T. Washington• W.E.B. Du Bois
Booker T. Washington
W.E.B. DuBois
Imperialism
An artist‘s rendering of the explosion which destroyed the Maine          on 15 February 1898 in Havana, Cuba harbor.
―DECLINED WITH THANKS‖         The Antis, ―Here, take a dose of this anti-fat and get thin again!‖Uncle Sam, ―No, Sonny! I...
Progressive Reform – efforts to solve     problems of the Gilded Age• Big Business  – Is big necessarily “evil” or bad?  –...
Bridges to the gilded age
Bridges to the gilded age
Bridges to the gilded age
Bridges to the gilded age
Bridges to the gilded age
Bridges to the gilded age
Bridges to the gilded age
Bridges to the gilded age
Bridges to the gilded age
Bridges to the gilded age
Bridges to the gilded age
Bridges to the gilded age
Bridges to the gilded age
Bridges to the gilded age
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Bridges to the gilded age

1,065 views

Published on

Lecture for TAH Slavery to Citizens History Institute

Published in: Education, Technology, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,065
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
8
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Visions of America, 470
  • Liberty, Equality, Power, 5e concise, 473.
  • Enduring Vision, 7e, 515.
  • Enduring Vision, 7e, 515.
  • Visions of America, 475
  • Norton Media Library, Foner, Give Me Liberty, 2e, 637.
  • http://freepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~bradytrilogy/memories/images/bibliography/na-bis-co/nabisco-history.html
  • http://library.duke.edu/digitalcollections/eaa.J0006/pg.1/
  • http://library.duke.edu/digitalcollections/eaa.K0013/pg.1/
  • http://www.enotes.com/topic/Ivory_(soap)
  • http://www.joshbrownnyc.com/hayes/80.jpg
  • http://www.dep.state.pa.us/dep/deputate/minres/bmr/historicalminingreports/historicalpictures/images/101aAnthracite%20breaker%20boys-mono.jpg
  • http://home.epix.net/~captclint/brkboys.jpg
  • Enduring Vision, 7e, 555.
  • http://www.library.pitt.edu/labor_legacy/rrstrike1877.html
  • http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/cph/item/2002719044/
  • http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/cph/item/97502086/
  • http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/cph/item/97501632/
  • http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/cph/item/97501095/
  • http://www.photosofoldamerica.com/index.cfm/New_York_City_Bridges-Sailboat_Near_Brooklyn_Bridge_241.htm
  • http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/cph/item/2007686804/
  • http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/cph/item/2002710278/
  • Liberty, Equality, Power, 5e concise, 508.
  • http://www.brooklynmuseum.org/opencollection/archives/goodyear_archival_collection
  • http://www.brooklynmuseum.org/opencollection/archives/goodyear_archival_collection
  • http://www.bc.edu/bc_org/avp/cas/fnart/fa267/1893fair.html
  • Enduring Vision, 7e, 522.
  • http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/cph/item/2005676957/
  • http://www.archives.gov/research/american-cities/images/american-cities-050.jpg
  • http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/cph/item/2005693378/
  • http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/cph/item/2005693380/
  • http://www.pierreaugusterenoir.org/painting-William%20Hays-Herd%20on%20the%20move-50964.htm
  • Liberty, Equality, Power, 5e concise, 484.
  • http://www.custermuseum.org/images/poster.jpg
  • http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/cph/item/2001696164/
  • http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/cph/item/2007675831/
  • Liberty, Equality, Power, 5e concise, 484.
  • http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/cph/item/97510866/
  • Enduring Vision, 7e, 513.
  • http://americanhistory.si.edu/Brown/history/1-segregated/white-only-1.html
  • http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/cph/item/2010651326/
  • Bridges to the gilded age

    1. 1. Bridges to the Gilded Age
    2. 2. United States in 1875
    3. 3. The Gilded Age witnessedenormous increases in outputand value. Huge populationincreases helped driveindustrial and farm output.
    4. 4. The North• Railroads
    5. 5. Railroad Expansion, 1870-1890This map provides a vivid illustration of the railroad expansion in just two decades.
    6. 6. Transcontinental Railroads and Federal Land Grants, 1850-1900
    7. 7. The ―Big Trestle‖ near Promontory Summit show some of the engineering accomplishments of the railroadconstruction crews. This trestle, at 405 feet long and 85 feet high, was assembled in just 38 days and was so flimsy that one reporter warned it ―will shake the nerves of the stoutest hearts to cross it.‖
    8. 8. “The Last Spike” at Promontory Summit, 10 May 1869 completing the transcontinental railroad. A.J. Russell was the photographer
    9. 9. Transcontinental Railroads and Federal Land Grants, 1850-1900
    10. 10. Big Business
    11. 11. Vertical Integration Horizontal Integration
    12. 12. John D. Rockefeller and Standard Oil
    13. 13. Standard Oil Refinery in Cleveland, OH (1889)
    14. 14. Standard Oil horse-drawn oil tank, probably selling kerosene.
    15. 15. ―What a Funny Little Government‖The Verdict on January 22, 1900 shows Rockefeller holding the White House in his hand, while the U.S. Capitol has been converted into an oil refinery.
    16. 16. Andrew Carnegie and Steel
    17. 17. Bessemer process
    18. 18. Andrew Carnegie‘s Steel Works, General View of Blast Furnaces, Homestead, PA
    19. 19. The McCormick Reaper Works outside Chicago in 1887.
    20. 20. Inventions
    21. 21. This is Alexander Graham-Bells telephone,which he demonstrated to the world in 1876at the Philadelphia Centennial Exposition.After witnessing how voice was transmittedover wire, the emperor of Brazil cried out,"My God, it talks!"
    22. 22. Alexander Graham Bell placing the first telephone call between New York and Chicago in 1892
    23. 23. Young Thomas Edison with an early phonograph
    24. 24. Thomas Edison‘s application for a patent for the incandescent light bulb.
    25. 25. Replica of Edison‘sfirst incandescentelectric light bulb.
    26. 26. Thomas Edisons Laboratories in Menlo Park, NJ, c. 1880 Thomas Edisons dream of illuminating the world is illustrated by this fanciful drawing of hislaboratories in Menlo Park, New Jersey. For the time being, however, it was the American home that was the primary beneficiary of Edisons wonderful light bulb, since electricity was slow to arrive in many parts of the world.
    27. 27. Edisons Chemistry Lab at Meno Park, NJ
    28. 28. Christopher Scholes typewriter, 1873
    29. 29. Later typewriters and their keys.
    30. 30. “Consuming”
    31. 31. A ―mom and pop‖ general store.
    32. 32. A small ―dry goods‖ store in Upper Sandusky, OH. Notice counters separate customers from merchandise.
    33. 33. The Marble Palace of Alexander T. Stewart in Manhattanopened for business in 1846. Notice the street-levelwindows for merchandise display.
    34. 34. Macy‘s department store in New York City
    35. 35. The 1897 Sears catalog.
    36. 36. Uneeda Biscuit‘s nationalcampaign poster.
    37. 37. Cream of Wheat advertisement, probably 1895.
    38. 38. Ads for the Kodak ―boxcamera‖ in 1888
    39. 39. 1898 Ivory soap poster 1916 Ivory soap advertisement showing US Army soldiers using it.
    40. 40. Labor
    41. 41. ―New England factory life—―Bell Time,‖ Harpers Weekly, 25 July1868. Drawing byWinslow Homer. Workers going to the Lowell Mills.
    42. 42. Small children working in the mills was common
    43. 43. Boys in a North Carolina textile mill in 1908.
    44. 44. ―Breaker Boys‖ at work.
    45. 45. Women workers in a ―sweatshop‖
    46. 46. ―The Female Slaves of New York. –‗Sweaters‘ and their Victims. 1) Scene in a‗sweater‗s‘ factory; 2) The End; 3) Scene atthe Grand Street Ferry,‖ Frank LesliesIllustrated Newspaper, November 3, 1888
    47. 47. Shoeworkers in Haverhill, MA ca. 1880
    48. 48. Drawing of the Great Railroad Strike of 1877 in Baltimore, MD
    49. 49. Picture and map of Pullman, Illinois
    50. 50. Railroad cars destroyed in Pullman strike Cleanup after strike.
    51. 51. Immigration
    52. 52. ―Welcome to All!,‖ Puck, April 28, 1880.―We may say that the present influx of immigrants to the United States is something unprecedented in our generation.‖ -- N.Y. Statistical Review
    53. 53. ―New York - Welcome to the land of freedom - An ocean steamer passing the Statue of Liberty:Scene on the steerage deck‖ Frank Leslie’s Illustrated Newspaper, 2 July 1887.
    54. 54. Emigrants coming tothe ―Land ofPromise― (ca 1902)
    55. 55. Immigrants on a ship waiting to set foot in their new home
    56. 56. Immigrants just arrivedfrom foreign countries –Immigrant Building,Ellis Island, New YorkHarbor (1904)
    57. 57. Inspection room at Ellis Island
    58. 58. Dalrymple‘s cartoon giving a harsh warning about ―The High Tide of Immigration.‖ He believes the dangerlies in the number of immigrants as well as in their origins and character as ―riff raff.‖ (1903)
    59. 59. ―What Shall We Do With Our Boys?‖ The Wasp, 1882
    60. 60. ―In the Clutches of the Chinese Tiger‖ -- 1885
    61. 61. Urbanization
    62. 62. Technological advances, the Brooklyn Bridge under construction. Itwas completed in 1883 and connected the largest and the thirdlargest cities together (Brooklyn and New York)
    63. 63. Brooklyn Bridge in 1890 with sailing ship beneath. Notice how thebridge towers over the surrounding neighborhoods.
    64. 64. New York and Brooklyn Bridge in 1889
    65. 65. Electric trolleys in New York City in 1900
    66. 66. Electric street cars of New Orleans. Rail lines transformedcities in the late 19th century
    67. 67. The first Oldsmobile was built in 1897.
    68. 68. Tenements in New York City, with clotheslines strung between buildings.
    69. 69. Mulberry Street, New York, 1905 part of the Russian Jewish Lower East Side
    70. 70. Street life for the urban poor.
    71. 71. ―Garbage in the streets, East Fifth Street, N.Y.C. tenement area,‖ Jacob Riis photo (ca 1890)
    72. 72. New York City in 1885This photograph shows the crowded,chaotic nature of lower Manhattan inthe 1880s. This is Broadway atCortlandt Street. Note the crowdedstreet, with horse-drawn street car andthe utility poles containing telephoneand electric wires.
    73. 73. Urban congestion in Chicago in 1890s.
    74. 74. Chicago‘s StateStreet.
    75. 75. World‘s Columbian Exposition, Court of Honor (1893)
    76. 76. Worlds Columbian Exposition: Grand Basin (1893)
    77. 77. The Midway, Worlds Columbian Exposition, Chicago, IL (1893) In the background is the FerrisWheel on the ―Midway‖. The wheel was 264 feet high, held 36 cars capable of holding 60 people at once. Fully loaded, 2,160 people could be on the wheel at a time.
    78. 78. Ferris Wheel in 1893 at the ―fair‖. Notice how it towers over the landscape.
    79. 79. The West
    80. 80. Mining and Cattle Frontiers, 1860-1890
    81. 81. The Texas Cowboy
    82. 82. Moving cattle on the ―long drive‖
    83. 83. Cowboys with their herd.
    84. 84. Packing houses in the distance. Covered pens for hogs and sheep; open pens for cattle. Area of yards, 75 acres;50 miles railroad tracks. Daily capacity: 25,000 head cattle, 160,000 hogs, 10,000 sheep, and 1,000 horses.
    85. 85. The beginning of the ―disassembly line.‖
    86. 86. Meatpacking industry
    87. 87. Sylvester Rawding family in front of sod house, north of Sargent, Custer Co., Nebraska (1886)
    88. 88. Sodhouse
    89. 89. Morrison residence on Victoria Creek near Merna, Custer County, Nebraska (1886)
    90. 90. ―Bonanza‖ farm
    91. 91. Harvesting wheat on ―bonanza‖ farm
    92. 92. The American Bison, or Buffalo
    93. 93. William J. Hays painted Herd on the MoveHe was accused of exaggerating the numbers of bison.
    94. 94. Another William J. Hays painting of bison on the Great Plains. The Gathering of theBuffalo Herds (1866)
    95. 95. An advertisement for thefashionable buffalo robes(1870s).
    96. 96. ―Buffalo Hunters‖
    97. 97. Stacks of buffalo hides in Dodge City, Kansas in 1873. This one company could handle 80,000 hides at at time.
    98. 98. “The Buffalo Hunt” by Frederic Remington (1890) By the time he painted this picture, such hunts would have been a rarity.
    99. 99. Indian Reservations, 1875 and 1900
    100. 100. Tom Torlino as he arrived Tom Torlino several months at The Carlisle school laterOctober 21, 1882 from his Navajo tribe.
    101. 101. The students at the Carlisle School of Captain Richard Pratt.
    102. 102. Annie Oakley. Though she “advertised” the West in Buffalo Bill’s Wild West show, she never lived west of Ohio.
    103. 103. ―Sitting Bull and Buffalo Bill, 1885‖Photograph originally taken by WilliamNotman studios, Montreal, Quebec,Canada, during Buffalo Bills Wild WestShow, August 1885
    104. 104. Indian Reservations, 1875 and 1900
    105. 105. ―The opening of the fight at Wounded Knee,‖ a drawing byFrederic Remington for Harper’s Weekly, 24 January 1891.
    106. 106. Burying the Dead at Wounded KneeThrowing the frozen bodies of the Sioux intoan open trench was a grim reminder of USArmy-Indian relations.
    107. 107. The New South
    108. 108. Trolley car in the South with the ―For Whites‖ sign.
    109. 109. Poll tax receipt for Birmingham, Alabama.Note the date the tax was paid – April 1896.Note the two ―labels‖ (Col.) (White.)
    110. 110. The New South• Booker T. Washington• W.E.B. Du Bois
    111. 111. Booker T. Washington
    112. 112. W.E.B. DuBois
    113. 113. Imperialism
    114. 114. An artist‘s rendering of the explosion which destroyed the Maine on 15 February 1898 in Havana, Cuba harbor.
    115. 115. ―DECLINED WITH THANKS‖ The Antis, ―Here, take a dose of this anti-fat and get thin again!‖Uncle Sam, ―No, Sonny! I never did like any of that stuff, and I‘m too old to begin!‖ Lithography by S. Pughe in Puck, 5 September 1900
    116. 116. Progressive Reform – efforts to solve problems of the Gilded Age• Big Business – Is big necessarily “evil” or bad? – Consumer rights and protections• Labor issues – Child and women workers – Hours, wages, conditions• Urban problems• Democracy• “Welfare State” – Expansion of government functions

    ×