F Scott Fitzgerald And The 1920s

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F Scott Fitzgerald And The 1920s

  1. 1. The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald
  2. 2. The Life of F. Scott Fitzgerald <ul><li>Born: Sept 24, 1896 </li></ul><ul><li>Named after ancestor (Francis Scott Key) </li></ul><ul><li>1913 - enrolled in Princeton University (didn’t graduate) </li></ul><ul><li>1917 – enlisted in army </li></ul><ul><li>Fell in love with Zelda Sayre </li></ul><ul><li>She agreed to marry him once he was a success </li></ul><ul><li>1920 – his book This Side of Paradise is published </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Life of F. Scott Fitzgerald (cont.) <ul><li>The book is successful; Zelda agrees to marry him </li></ul><ul><li>Daughter – Frances </li></ul><ul><li>1925 – The Great Gatsby </li></ul><ul><li>Parties and alcoholism </li></ul><ul><li>Zelda’s breakdown and death </li></ul><ul><li>Died: 1940 (heart attack) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Great Gatsby Information <ul><li>Time period – 1920’s </li></ul><ul><li>Setting – East Egg, West Egg, NYC </li></ul><ul><li>List of Main Characters </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nick Carraway (narrator) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tom Buchanan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Daisy Fay Buchanan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jordan Baker </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jay Gatsby </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>George Wilson </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Myrtle Wilson </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Prohibition <ul><li>The Eighteenth Amendment (1919) to the Constitution forbade the manufacture, sale, import, or export of intoxicating liquors. </li></ul><ul><li>The Twenty-first Amendment (1933) repealed the Eighteenth Amendment. </li></ul>ALCOHOL
  6. 6. The Roaring Twenties <ul><li>Prohibition </li></ul><ul><li>Speakeasies </li></ul><ul><li>Bootlegging </li></ul><ul><li>Organized Crime </li></ul><ul><li>Jazz Age </li></ul><ul><li>Dancing </li></ul><ul><li>Flappers </li></ul><ul><li>Women’s rights </li></ul>
  7. 7. 1920 <ul><li>More people in the city than in the country </li></ul><ul><li># of radios in homes – 2,000 </li></ul><ul><li>First radio broadcast aired </li></ul><ul><li>Harlem Renaissance begins </li></ul><ul><li>League of Nations established </li></ul><ul><li>19 th Amendment – women granted the right to vote in the US </li></ul>
  8. 8. 1921 <ul><li>Warren G. Harding is inaugurated as President of the United States of America </li></ul><ul><li>Knee length skirts become fashionable </li></ul><ul><li>The first Miss America pageant </li></ul><ul><li>First drive-in food place </li></ul>
  9. 9. 1922 <ul><li>Flapper dress makes its debut </li></ul><ul><li>Speakeasies in NYC = 5,000 </li></ul><ul><li>First radio commercial broadcast </li></ul>
  10. 10. 1923 <ul><li>Hollywood sign goes up </li></ul><ul><li>Americans see on avg. 1 movie/week </li></ul><ul><li>President Harding dies </li></ul><ul><li>Vice President Coolidge becomes President </li></ul><ul><li>15 million cars registered in the US </li></ul><ul><li>Charleston dance becomes popular </li></ul>
  11. 11. 1924 <ul><li># of radios in US homes – </li></ul><ul><li>2.5 million </li></ul><ul><li>1 st Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade </li></ul><ul><li>Coolidge is reelected </li></ul>
  12. 12. 1925 <ul><li>Fitzgerald publishes The Great Gatsby </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler publishes Mein Kampf </li></ul><ul><li>The first woman Governor of a U.S. state (Wyoming) is elected. </li></ul><ul><li>The Scopes Trial </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Evolution in schools debate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>First trial broadcast over the radio </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Frisbie invented </li></ul>
  13. 13. 1926 <ul><li>40 hour work week (used to be 84 hour) </li></ul><ul><li>1 in 6 Americans owns a car </li></ul><ul><li>1 st supermarket </li></ul><ul><li>Mae West – arrested for moving navel during play </li></ul><ul><li>US woman swims the English Channel </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths due to bad booze in NYC = 750 </li></ul>
  14. 14. 1927 <ul><li>Charles Lindbergh flies solo across the Atlantic Ocean </li></ul><ul><li>First talking movie ( The Jazz Singer ) </li></ul><ul><li>Telephone service is opened between New York City and London (AT&T) </li></ul><ul><li>Speakeasies in NYC = 30,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Deaths due to bad booze in 1 hospital in NYC on New Year’s Eve = 41 </li></ul>
  15. 15. 1927 (continued) <ul><li>Al “Scarface” Capone earnings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>$100 million – alcohol sales </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$30 million – protection business </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$25 million – gambling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$10 million – vice and sundry rackets </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. 1928 <ul><li>U.S. signs Briand-Kellogg Pact - outlawing war </li></ul><ul><li>Amelia Earhart flies across the Atlantic </li></ul><ul><li>Women compete for the first time in Olympic field events </li></ul><ul><li>Penicillin discovered </li></ul><ul><li>1 st televisions are sold - $75 </li></ul><ul><li>Mickey Mouse in first cartoon </li></ul><ul><li>Divorce rate – 1 in 6 marriages </li></ul>
  17. 17. 1929 <ul><li>Empire State Building construction begins </li></ul><ul><li>Speakeasies in NYC = 32,000 – 100,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Speakeasies in Chicago = 10,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Valentine’s Day Massacre </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Bugs” Moran gang killed by Al Capone’s men </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Car radio invented </li></ul><ul><li>Stock Market crash </li></ul><ul><ul><li>October 29 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Black Tuesday” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$9 billion lost on that one day </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. 1920’s compared to today
  19. 19. 1920’s compared to today
  20. 20. 1920’s compared to today
  21. 21. 1920’s compared to today
  22. 22. 1920’s compared to today
  23. 23. 1920’s compared to today
  24. 24. 1920’s compared to today
  25. 25. 1920’s compared to today
  26. 26. 1920’s compared to today
  27. 27. 1920’s compared to today
  28. 28. Bibliography <ul><li>http://www.princeton.edu/pr/pictures/a-f/fitzgerald-f-scott/fitzgerald-med.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.shortstory.by.ru/fitzgerald </li></ul><ul><li>http://library.thinkquest.org/C005846/introduction/introduction.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://scriptorium.lib.duke.edu/adaccess/timeline-1926.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.defenselink.mil/photos/Feb2003/030114-O-0000D-001.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://disney.go.com/disneyvideos/animatedfilms/incredibles/ </li></ul><ul><li>www.theconnection.org /.../ 04/20040402_b_main.asp </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.apple.com/ipod/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.cadillac.com/cadillacjsp/models/gallery.jsp?model=escalade </li></ul><ul><li>www.allsports.com / mlb/yankees/frommer42.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.signonsandiego.com/sports/baseball/20050323-9999-1s23bonds.html </li></ul>
  29. 29. Assignment <ul><li>What would the US be without the following 1920’s events/inventions? </li></ul><ul><li>Pick one from the following list and write 50 words in your journal explaining your opinion. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Radio </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Car radio </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Television </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Miss America Pageant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prohibition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fast food places </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>40 hour work week </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Skyscrapers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Penicillin </li></ul></ul>

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