Land Bridge• Early peoplecrossed a “LandBridge” thatconnected Asiaand NorthAmerica.• The firstcivilizations inCanada areknown as theFirst Nationsgroups and theInuit
First Nations• The Algonquin,Iroquois, Ojibwa,Cree, and manyothers make up theFirst Nations inCanada.• Click Here to visit aninteractive map ofCanadian FirstNations groups andtheir daily lives.
Inuit• The Inuit (Inuktitut)have always made theirhomes in the Arctic ofnorthern Canada• The Inuit werenomadic• In the summer, they rodedogsleds• In the winter, theyharpooned seals and whalesin the icy water.• Their clothing was madefrom caribou fur
Inuit• In the winter they made igloo homes out of block of snow.• They would build sculptures such as this one to find their way in theArtic.• The symbol, called inuksuk, was even a symbol for the 2010Vancouver Olympic Games
European Contact• Europeans searched for a Northwest Passage to Asia• Contact with Inuit and other native people• Set up Hudson Bay trading posts
French Colonies• 1534 Jacques Cartierclaimed eastern Canadaand called it “NewFrance”• 1608 Samuel deChamplain establisheda colony at QuebecCity.
Seven Year’s War• British wanted theirshare of territoryaround Hudson Bay• Best land for fur• Conflict grew overcontrol of the territory• 1756-1763 “SevenYears War” betweenthe French and theBritish• The British won• Canada became part ofthe British empire.
Quebec Act• To avoid rebellion,Britain had torecognize the rights ofFrench Canadians.• The Quebec Act of1774 allow religiousfreedom and Frenchlaws.• Extended Quebec’sboundaries
Act of Union 1840• Created theCanadianProvince• Established asystem ofelected leaders• Bi-culturalgovernment –British andFrench• Britain was stillin control ofCanada
Dominion of Canada• 1867 British NorthAmerica Act createdthe Dominion ofCanada• A Dominion is aterritory thatgoverns itself but itis still ties to it’scolonizing country
Provinces• A province is a territorythat is under control of alarger country.• Quebec• Ontario• British Colombia• Nova Scotia• New Brunswick• Prince Edward Island• Manitoba• Saskatchewan• Alberta• Newfoundland andLabrador
Immigration• Wheat wasCanada’s maincrop• In the early 1900’sfarmers wereencouraged tomove to Canada
Immigration• Most immigrantscame from GreatBritain, Russia,and the UnitedStates
Independent Canada• Canadians joined the fightwith Great Britain duringWWI• Began collecting taxes to payfor the war• Created their own air force• Proved Independence• 1931 Canada gained it’sindependence
Canada Today• British King or Queen is still Head of State• French Canadians still have a distinct culture.• Has a high literacy rate, low unemployment rate, andhealthcare for all citizens.• Canada is a peace keeping nation
Sources• Aotearoa. Mapa administrayjna Kanady. 2006. Web Image. commons.wikimedia.org• Kelly, J.D. Champlain in Georgian Bay. 1615. Web Image. Firstpeoplesofcanada.org• Verner, Frederick. Ojibwe Bark Tipis. 1878. Web Image. Firstpeoplesofcanada.org• A. Tay. Act of Union. Web Image. Xtimeline.com• West, Benjamin. The Death of General Wolfe, 1771. Web Image.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seven_Years_War• Walk, Ansgar. Inuit Boots, 2002. Web Image. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Inuit-Stiefel.jpg• Curtis, Edward. Inupiat Family, 1929. Web Image. Commons.wikimedia.org• Map of the Dominion of Canada, 1867. Library and Archives Canada• Henri, Julien, 1880. Library and Archives Canada. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Come_To_Stay.gif• Alt, Tobias, July 2005. Peyto Lake-Banff NP-Canada. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Peyto_Lake-Banff_NP-Canada.jpg• Patterson, C.J., Lawson, and Jones Limited (Printer). 1914-1918. Enlist! New Names in Canadian History –More are coming – Will You Be There?http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:New_Names_Canadian_WW1_recruiting_poster.jpg• Sabato, George and Yell, Michael. My World Geography: Western Hemisphere. 2011. Pearson, New Jersey.