Continuous and Comprehensive Assessment in Schools


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Presentation at the Amrita Vidyalayam, Sket on 20/02/2010

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Continuous and Comprehensive Assessment in Schools

  1. 1. Comprehensive and Continuous Assessment in Schools Sanjaya Mishra
  2. 2. What is Teaching and Learning? <ul><li>Think for yourself – what according to you teaching and learning is all about? </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is Teaching and Learning? <ul><li>Empowering citizens? </li></ul>
  4. 4. What is Teaching and Learning? <ul><li>Empowering citizens? </li></ul><ul><li>Transmission of information/knowledge and evaluating students? </li></ul>
  5. 5. What is Teaching and Learning? <ul><li>Empowering citizens? </li></ul><ul><li>Transmission of information/knowledge and evaluating students? </li></ul><ul><li>Certification system? </li></ul>
  6. 6. What is Teaching and Learning? <ul><li>Empowering citizens? </li></ul><ul><li>Transmission of information/knowledge and evaluating students? </li></ul><ul><li>Certification system? </li></ul><ul><li>Preparation for employment? </li></ul>
  7. 7. What is Teaching and Learning? <ul><li>Empowering citizens? </li></ul><ul><li>Transmission of information/knowledge and evaluating students? </li></ul><ul><li>Certification system? </li></ul><ul><li>Preparation of employment? </li></ul><ul><li>Achievement of learning outcomes of a course/programme? </li></ul>
  8. 8. What is Teaching and Learning? <ul><li>It is definitely preparing our students for the future/change... </li></ul>
  9. 9. Changes in Education Teacher-centred Learner-centred Learning-centred Approach to Teaching and Learning
  10. 10. Changes in Education Behaviourism/Cognitivism Constructivism Connectivism Teaching and Learning Philosophy
  11. 11. Changes in Education Teacher Design Team Design Student Participation Curriculum
  12. 12. Changes in Education Final Pen and Paper Test + Continuous, Product oriented Evidence-based, process oriented Assessment methods
  13. 13. What is Assessment? <ul><li>Meaning? </li></ul>
  14. 14. What is Assessment? <ul><li>Meaning? </li></ul><ul><li>Purposes? </li></ul>
  15. 15. What is Assessment? <ul><li>Meaning? </li></ul><ul><li>Purposes? (assessing... </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Critical thinking and higher order cognitive abilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solving problems and developing plans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Performing procedures and demonstrating techniques </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assessing and managing information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demonstrating knowledge and understanding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Designing, creating and performing, Communicating </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. What is Assessment? <ul><li>Meaning? </li></ul><ul><li>Purposes? </li></ul><ul><li>Types? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assessment of Learning (Summative) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assessment for Learning (Formative) </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Problems in Assessment <ul><li>Subjectivity in Essays </li></ul><ul><li>Time </li></ul><ul><li>Promotion of rote learning </li></ul><ul><li>Quantification in objective tests </li></ul><ul><li>Poor recognition of abilities </li></ul><ul><li>Poor feedback and diminished chance of development </li></ul>
  18. 18. Trends in Assessment <ul><li>Shift from </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assessing knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assessing products </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>End of course test </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Written assessments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Norm-referenced </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pass/Fail summative </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Towards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assessing skills and understanding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assessing processes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Continuous assessment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of variety of methods/evidence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Criterion-referenced </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Formative identification of strengths and weaknesses and recording of positive achievements in addition to summative </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Qualities of Good Assessment <ul><li>Aligning assessment with objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Explicit/open criteria and standards </li></ul><ul><li>Authentic and holistic tasks </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitative degree of structure to promote self-direction </li></ul><ul><li>Sufficient and timely formative feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Balanced tension between workload and time </li></ul>
  20. 20. New Assessment Techniques <ul><li>Self-assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Peer-assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Portfolios/e-Portfolios </li></ul><ul><li>Reflective journaling </li></ul><ul><li>Online discussions/ eGroups </li></ul><ul><li>Concept maps </li></ul><ul><li>Projects (individual/group) </li></ul><ul><li>Term papers and seminars </li></ul><ul><li>Oral presentations, debate and interviews </li></ul>
  21. 21. What CBSE says… <ul><li>Education aims at making children capable of becoming responsible, productive and useful members of society </li></ul><ul><li>Examinations are an indispensable part of the educational process as some form of assessment is necessary to determine the effectiveness of teaching learning processes and their internalization by learners </li></ul><ul><li>The scope of evaluation in schools extends to almost all the areas of learners' personality development. It should include both scholastic and co-scholastic areas </li></ul>
  22. 22. What CBSE says… Types of Assessment Formative Summative Scholastic Co-scholastic
  23. 23. Holistic Assessment PART 1 A.School subjects Two Formative and one summative assessment per term (9 point scale) B. Work Exp, Art Edu, Physical and Health Edu/Games (5 point scale) <ul><li>PART 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Co-scholastic skills </li></ul><ul><li>Any two of: Literary and creative skills, scientific skills, Aesthetics skills, Clubs (3 point scale) </li></ul><ul><li>B. Health and Physical Edu. </li></ul><ul><li>NCC, Sports, swimming, First Aid, Yoga, Scout, etc. (3 point scale) </li></ul><ul><li>PART 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Life Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Thinking skills, social skills, emotional skills (3 point scale) </li></ul><ul><li>B. Attitudes and Values </li></ul><ul><li>Towards teachers, school-mates, programmes, environment, and value system. (3 point scale) </li></ul>
  24. 24. Scholastic Assessment Types and Time of Assessment Formative Summative Term 1 FA1=10% FA2=10% SA1=20% Term 2 FA3=10% FA4=10% SA2=40%
  25. 25. Scholastic Assessment Mark Range Grade Grade point 91-100 A1 10.0 81-90 A2 9.0 71-80 B1 8.0 61-70 B2 7.0 51-60 C1 6.0 41-50 C2 5.0 31-40 D 4.0 21-30 E1 00-20 E2
  26. 26. Implications for teachers <ul><li>Professional approach to teaching required </li></ul><ul><li>Lesson plans necessary </li></ul><ul><li>Record keeping for all the students </li></ul><ul><li>Individual attention to each student </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriate reasoning and feedback to be given in appropriate manner, at appropriate intervals </li></ul><ul><li>Involve parents in the formative assessment feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring the overall growth and development </li></ul><ul><li>Maintaining school-wide student records </li></ul><ul><li>Technology may help, but teachers need to manage their time </li></ul>
  27. 27. Thank you very much. -- Sanjaya Mishra