Open Access Open Access is the provision of free access to peer-reviewed, scholarly and research information to all. It envisages that the rights holder grants worldwide irrevocable right of access to copy, use, distribute, transmit, and make derivative works in any format for any lawful activities with proper attribution to the original author.
Copyright Public Domain Payment-based Free Types of Information: Copyright and Payment Many web-based information Printed Books available from commercial publishers Mostly information produced by Govt. and released online Books that have expired copyright and made available by commercial publishers
Permission required for reuse Permission not required for reuse Payment-based Free Types of Information: Permission and Payment Most web-based information Information in the public domain Copyrighted information Information available on Open Access
Foundations of Open Access <ul><li>Freedom (as in beer and speech) </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility ( choice of licensing mechanisms) </li></ul><ul><li>Fairness ( to authors, funding bodies and society) </li></ul>
Technology Drivers Processing power Data and Storage Bandwidth Open Web Open Source software National R&D System Strategic policies, network and Consortia R&D indicators Knowledge economy R&D Investments Sharing Societal Expectations Access Availability Excellence Social return Communities of Researchers Self-organization Open Peer-review Crowdsourcing Open innovation Institutional Framework Research productivity Impact Factor Talent management (promotion) Fiscal constraints Research collaborations New models of publications Challenges Technology infrastructure requirements Toll Access Publishing OA Publication Fees Cost of Journal Subscriptions OA Policies OA Capacity Development OA Groups OA awareness and Copyright issues