2.3

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2.3

  1. 1. 2.3 The Nation Break Apart
  2. 2. Vocabulary 1. secede: To leave. 2. Confederacy: Southern states that formed their own national government during the Civil War period. 3. Border state: States located between the North and the South that permitted slavery but had not seceded. 4. Civil war: A war between people who live in the same country.
  3. 3. Abraham Lincoln • Was born in Kentucky in 1809. • Spent most of his time working on the family farm • When Lincoln was 21, he studied law on his own and became a lawyer. • In the 1830s, he opened a law office in Illinois.
  4. 4. • In 1834, Lincoln entered public service. • In 1846, Lincoln was elected to the United States Congress. • In 1858, Lincoln ran for the United States Senate
  5. 5. Abraham Lincoln Stephen A. Douglas - responded that “the framers of the Constitution intended and expected” slavery to end. - argued that each new state should decide for itself whether to allow slavery. - thought it was wrong for slavery to spread to new states . - Two years later, he was nominated for President. - won the election for senate
  6. 6. The Democratic party was divided. - Northern Democrats supported Stephen A. Douglas, who argued that new states should make their own laws about slavery. - Southern Democrats backed John Breckinridge, who wanted to protect slavery.
  7. 7. The Nation Divides The Confederate States of America was formed by Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, and Mississippi and formed their own national government. Jefferson Davis, was elected president. Abraham Lincoln became President on March 4, 1861.
  8. 8. Crisis at Fort Summer Four more states—Arkansas, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia—seceded and joined the Confederacy. Tensions between the Union and the Confederacy had reached their breaking point. A civil war had started. The United States Civil War divided the country and the states.

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