1. secede: To leave.
2. Confederacy: Southern states that formed
their own national government during the
Civil War period.
3. Border state: States located between the
North and the South that permitted slavery
but had not seceded.
4. Civil war: A war between people who live in
the same country.
• Was born in Kentucky in 1809.
• Spent most of his time working on the family
• When Lincoln was 21, he studied law on his own
and became a lawyer.
• In the 1830s, he opened a law
office in Illinois.
• In 1834, Lincoln entered public
• In 1846, Lincoln was elected to the
United States Congress.
• In 1858, Lincoln ran for the United
Stephen A. Douglas
- responded that “the
framers of the
slavery to end.
- argued that each new
state should decide for
itself whether to allow
- thought it was wrong
for slavery to spread to
. - Two years later, he
was nominated for
- won the election for
The Democratic party was divided.
- Northern Democrats supported Stephen A.
Douglas, who argued that new states should
own laws about
- Southern Democrats backed John
Breckinridge, who wanted to protect
The Nation Divides
The Confederate States of America was formed
Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, and
Mississippi and formed their own national
government. Jefferson Davis, was elected
Abraham Lincoln became President on March
Crisis at Fort Summer
Four more states—Arkansas, North Carolina,
Tennessee, and Virginia—seceded and joined
Tensions between the Union and the
Confederacy had reached their breaking point. A
civil war had started. The United States Civil War
divided the country and the states.