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A nation splits apart chapter 10


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A nation splits apart chapter 10

  1. 1. A Nation Splits ApartChapter 10<br />
  2. 2. A Nation Splits Apart Checklist<br /><ul><li>California wants to join
  3. 3. Compromise of 1850
  4. 4. Kansas-Nebraska Act
  5. 5. Uncle Tom’s Cabin
  6. 6. Republican Party</li></li></ul><li>California…What to do?<br /><ul><li>California gets enough people to become a state.
  7. 7. Wanted to enter the Union as a free state
  8. 8. Compromise of 1850!</li></li></ul><li>Compromise of 1850<br />Five Parts <br />Admission of California<br />Texas and New Mexico Act<br />Utah Act<br />Fugitive Slave Law<br />Abolish slave Trade in DC (not outlaw slavery)<br />
  9. 9. Kansas-Nebraska Act<br />Stephen Douglas, senator from Illinois, believed in Popular Sovereignty. <br />Passed a bill that gave this power to those areas. <br />Youtube Clip - Stephen Douglas Campaign Video<br />
  10. 10. Uncle Tom’s Cabin<br />Book written by Harriet Beecher Stowe.<br />About slave life in the South. <br />Wildly popular book, millions were sold.<br />North- call to action<br />South- Lies!<br />Youtube Clip - Uncle Toms Cabin HD<br />
  11. 11. Republican Party is formed<br /><ul><li>Free Soilers– Abolitionists Politicians
  12. 12. Whigs – Failing Political Party (N v S)
  13. 13. (Abe Lincoln was a Northern Whig)
  14. 14. Know-Nothings- Nativists</li></li></ul><li>A Nation Splits Apart Checklist<br /><ul><li>California wants to join
  15. 15. Compromise of 1850
  16. 16. Kansas-Nebraska Act
  17. 17. Uncle Tom’s Cabin
  18. 18. Republican Party</li></li></ul><li>Bleeding KansasChecklist<br /><ul><li>John Brown
  19. 19. Pottawatomie Massacre
  20. 20. Guerrilla War & Civil War
  21. 21. Lecompton Constitution
  22. 22. Dred Scott Decision</li></li></ul><li>Bleeding Kansas<br /><ul><li>Pro-slavery and anti-slavery people rushed to settle in Kansas
  23. 23. Think of rival gangs fighting over turf. </li></li></ul><li>Pottawatomie Massacre<br /><ul><li>Pro-slavery people from Missouri rush into Lawrence ,Kansas. </li></ul>Burn town to the ground. <br /><ul><li>John Brown, abolitionist, kills 5 pro-slavery settlers in return for Lawrence. Becomes known as Pottawatomie Massacre</li></li></ul><li>Guerrilla War & Civil War<br /><ul><li>For 4 months Kansas explodes in civil war!
  24. 24. Army is sent to restore order.
  25. 25. Guerrilla war follows</li></li></ul><li>Lecompton Constitution<br /><ul><li> People of Kansas tried to pass a Constitution… 3 times.
  26. 26. They finally gave up!</li></li></ul><li>Dred Scott Decision<br /><ul><li>Dred Scott was a slave. Sued his owner for freedom.
  27. 27. Went all the way to Supreme Court .
  28. 28. Supreme Court ruled slaves were property, had no rights, would never become citizens of the USA. </li></ul>Youtube Clip - The Dred Scott Decision<br />
  29. 29. Raid on Harpers Ferry <br /><ul><li>John Brown led a band of men, they attacked the Armory at Harpers Ferry , and captured all the guns.
  30. 30. Was going to use guns to start a war between pro and anti-slavery people.
  31. 31. Was captured by Robert E Lee. </li></ul>Youtube clip - John Brown's Raid on Harpers Ferry<br />
  32. 32. Bleeding KansasChecklist<br /><ul><li>John Brown
  33. 33. Pottawatomie Massacre
  34. 34. Guerrilla War & Civil War
  35. 35. Lecompton Constitution
  36. 36. Dred Scott Decision</li></li></ul><li>Abe Lincolns run for PresidentChecklist<br /><ul><li>Lincoln-Douglas Debates
  37. 37. Freeport Doctrine
  38. 38. Platform
  39. 39. John C Breckinridge
  40. 40. John Bell</li></li></ul><li>Lincoln-Douglas Debates<br />Stephen Douglas and Abe Lincoln debated<br />Abe wanted to stop the spread of Slavery<br />Douglas –Freeport Doctrine<br />Said local legislators had the power to end slavery. <br />
  41. 41. Election of 1860<br />Southern Democrats Platform- Pro-slavery<br />Nominated John C Breckinridge<br />Northern Democrats Platform- Anti-slavery<br />Nominated Stephen Douglas<br />Constitutional Union Party – Pro-slavery<br />Nominated John Bell<br />Republican Party Platform- Anti-slavery<br />Nominated Abe Lincoln<br />
  42. 42. Election of 1860, part 2<br />Abe Lincoln gets 40% of the vote…<br />And Wins!!!!<br />Hail to the Chief!!!<br />
  43. 43. Abe Lincolns run for PresidentChecklist<br /><ul><li>Lincoln-Douglas Debates
  44. 44. Freeport Doctrine
  45. 45. Platform
  46. 46. John C Breckinridge
  47. 47. John Bell</li></li></ul><li>SecessionChecklist<br /><ul><li>The Secession 7
  48. 48. Confederate States of America
  49. 49. Crittenden Compromise
  50. 50. Peace Convention</li></li></ul><li>The Secession 7<br />South Carolina was first to go <br />Then Mississippi,Florida and Alabama<br />Then Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas<br />
  51. 51. Confederate States of America<br />Jefferson Davis was elected provisional president of Confederate States of America<br />Wrote a new Constitution, specifically protecting slavery and state rights. <br />
  52. 52. Crittenden Compromise<br />US House and Senate tried to keep the union together. <br />Drafted the Crittenden Compromise<br />Stated a line be drawn where the old Missouri Compromise was, north is free, south is slave<br />N and S opposed it. <br />
  53. 53. Peace Convention<br />Congress again tried to prevent a split nation.<br />This time, trying to avoid a civil war…<br />Any guesses on how that worked out?<br />
  54. 54. SecessionChecklist<br /><ul><li>The Secession 7
  55. 55. Confederate States of America
  56. 56. Crittenden Compromise
  57. 57. Peace Convention</li></li></ul><li>Recap!<br />Play that funky music… Mr. James!!<br />Youtube Clip- Causes of the civil war<br />