Revision first term

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Revision first term

  1. 1. REVISION FIRST TERM NIVEL INTERMEDIO
  2. 2. SUMMARY VERB TENSES: PRESENT TENSES: Present simple Present continuous PAST TENSES: Past simplePast continuous Present perfect Present perfect continuous FUTURE TENSES: Be going to + infinitive Present continuous Will + infinitive COMPARATIVES AND SUPERLATIVES A, AN, THE or NO ARTICLE VOCABULARY: - Food and cooking - Personality - Money - Transport - Phrasal verbs
  3. 3. PRESENT TENSES  PRESENT SIMPLE Form: + I am happy / He is happy / They are happy I play football / He plays football - I am not happy / He is not happy / They are not happy I don’t play football / He doesn’t play football ? Am I happy? / Is he happy? / Are they happy? Do you play football? / Does he play football? Use: - Habits, routine. e.g.Maria smokes - Permanent actions. e.g. Pedro lives in Seville - Eternal truths. e.g. The earth is round
  4. 4. PRESENT TENSES  PRESENT CONTINUOUS * Use it with action verbs Form: + I am playing football / He is playing football / They are playing fooball - I am not playing football / He is not playing football / They are not playing football ? Am I playing football? / Is he playing football? / Are they playing football? Use: - Actions in progress at the moment of speaking in the present. - Temporary things that are happening now
  5. 5. PAST TENSES  PAST SIMPLE Form: + I was happy / He was happy / They were happy I played football - I was not happy / He was not happy / They were not happy I did not play football ? Was I happy? / Was he happy? / Were they happy? Did you play football? Use: Past finished actions
  6. 6. PAST TENSES  PAST CONTINUOUS * Use it with action verbs Form: + I was playing / He was playing / They were playing - I was not playing/ He was not playing / They were not playing ? Was I playing? / Was he playing? / Were they playing? Use: Actions in progress at a specific moment in the past
  7. 7. PAST TENSES  PRESENT PERFECT Form: + I have cleaned/ He has cleaned - I haven’t cleaned/ He hasn’t cleaned ? Have you cleaned? / Has he cleaned? Use: - To talk about recent actions (to give news), not saying exactly when things happened. e.g.: My sister has had a baby! / Someone has stolen my bike. - To refer to events which have taken place in our life up to now, but the time when they exactly happened is not mentioned. e.g.: I have been to China - To refer to actions or situations that started in the past and are still true. e.g.: I have lived in Málaga for 10 years. * Sometimes, those events are repeated, non-permanent actions, that have taken place in our lives (and we are alive) or during a period of time that hasn’t finished yet and can happen again. e.g.: Ziggy Marley has won three Grammy awards.
  8. 8. PAST TENSES We use the following adverbials and prepositions with the PRESENT PERFECT: - just (to say something happened very recently) and already (to say something happened earlier than expected) go before the main verb in positive sentences. e.g.: I have just finished my homework / I have already phoned Sarah - yet (to ask if something has happened or say it hasn’t happened up to now) goes at the end in negative sentences and in questions. e.g.: Have you done your homework yet? / I haven’t met Paul’s girlfriend yet. - ever (at any time of your life) goes before the main verb in questions. e.g.: Have you ever broken a bone? - for + a period of time and since + a point of time (to talk about the length of time. e.g.: I have lived in Spain for 7 years / They have known each other since 1999.
  9. 9. PAST TENSES  PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOS Form: + I have been cleaning/ He has been cleaning - I haven’t been cleaning/ He hasn’t been cleaning ? Have you been cleaning? / Has he been cleaning? Use: - To talk about continuous or repeated actions that have been happening very recently (the actions have usually just finished and you can see their effect). e.g.: What have you been doing? I’ve been playing tennis. - - To refer to actions or situations that started in the past and have continued up to now. It’s often used with “for” and “since”. e.g.: The children have been playing computer games for two hours. * Sometimes, those events are repeated, non-permanent actions, that have taken place in our lives (and we are alive) or during a period of time that hasn’t finished yet and can happen again. e.g.: I have been going to that gym for 10 years.
  10. 10. FUTURE TENSES  BE GOING TO + INFINITIVE Form: + I am going to play / He is going to play/ They are going to play - I am not going to play / He is not going to play/ They are not going to play ? Am I going to play? / Is he going to play? / Are they going to play? Use: Future plans. e. g. I’m going to travel to Paris next year Predictions when there is evidence. e.g. Look! It’s very cloudy! It’s going to rain
  11. 11. FUTURE TENSES  PRESENT CONTINUOUS Form: + I am playing football / He is playing football / They are playing fooball - I am not playing football / He is not playing football / They are not playing football ? Am I playing football? / Is he playing football? / Are they playing football? Use: Arrangements. e.g. I’m seeing The hobbit next Friday, I bought the tickets this morning
  12. 12. FUTURE TENSES  WILL+ INFINITIVE Form: + I will play - I will not/won’t play ? Will you play? Use: - Future predictions when there isn’t evidence (it’s just an opinion). e.g. I think it will not rain on your wedding day, it would be very bad luck. - Promises, offers and decisions. e.g.: I’ll always love you / Those bags are very heavy, I’ll help you. / I’ll have a tea. - * Use “shall” for offers and suggestions, when they are questions in the 1st person.
  13. 13. COMPARATIVES SUPERIORITY Adjectives - Short adjectives (1 syllable): -er than e.g. He is shorter than you * 1 syllable adjectives ending in –ed usually make the comparative with more than. e.g. more tired than - Two-syllable adjectives ending in –y: y – i + -er than e.g. You are prettier than her - Long adjectives (2 syllables or more): more than e.g. Your sofa is more comfortable than mine Adverbs -ly adverbs: more than e.g. Please, drive more slowly - Short adverbs (1 syllable): -er than e.g. He drives faster than you - Long adverbs (2 syllables or more): more than e.g. He walks more carefully than before *Irregular adjectives and adverbs INFERIORITY - Less than e.g. Peter is less talkative than me - Not as … as e.g. Paul is not as tall as Sean EQUALITY - As …as e.g. My book is as big as yours - The same+noun as e.g. the same distance as
  14. 14. SUPERLATIVES SUPERIORITY Adverbs -ly adverbs: the most Adjectives e.g. He drives the most slowly - Short adjectives (1 syllable): the -est - Short adverbs (1 syllable): the -est e.g. He the shortest in his class * 1 syllable adjectives ending in –ed usually e.g. He drives the fastest make the comparative with the most. - Long adverbs (2 syllables or more): the most e.g. The most tired - Two-syllable adjectives ending in –y: e.g. He walks the most carefully y – i + -est *Irregular adjectives and adverbs e.g. You are the prettiest girl I’ve ever met - Long adjectives (2 syllables or more): the most INFERIORITY e.g. Your sofa is the most comfortable of all The least e.g. Peter is the least talkative in the class
  15. 15. A, AN, THE or NO ARTICLE DEFINITE ARTICLE With definite nouns: the - To talk about something we have already mentioned - When it’s clear what you are referring to - When there’s only one of something - With places in a town - With superlatives INDEFINITE ARTICLE With indefinite, singular, nouns:  1. with words starting with a vowel sound: an  2. with words starting with a consonant sound: a - When you talk about something indefinite - When you say what something is or what somebody does - In exclamations with “What…!” - In expressions of frequency NO ARTICLE With indefinite, plural nouns and uncountable nouns: nothing - When we are generalizing - With some nouns after the prepositions at, to and from - Before meals, days and months - Before next, last + day, week, month,…
  16. 16. VOCABULARY: FOOD AND COOKING (Vocabulary bank, p. 152)
  17. 17. VOCABULARY:PERSONALITY (Vocabulary bank p. 153) What’s the opposite? Generous Mean Insecure Self-confident Reliable Unreliable Shy Outgoing Lazy Hardworking Clever Stupid Talkative Quiet Responsible Irresponsible Sociable Unsociable Tidy Untidy Selfish Unselfish Kind Unkind Honest Dishonest Mature Immature Organized Disorganized
  18. 18. What are they like? moody bossy vain spoilt charming jealous aggressive bad-tempered
  19. 19. VOCABULARY: MONEY (Vocabulary bank p.154) Those earrings can’t be __________ $2,000, they look like plastic! worth How much do you __________ every month at work. earn Is it OK to __________credit card? pay by I used to have a piggy bank when I was young. That’s how I learnt to_______ money. save How much did the dentist __________ you? charge Our telephone __________ was very high last month bill If you open an __________ with this bank , you can get a microwave. account Do you have any change for the supermarket trolley? I only have a $10_________ note I ____________ a beautiful house in the country when my uncle Paul died. inherited
  20. 20. VOCABULARY: TRANSPORT (Vocabulary bank p. 155)
  21. 21. VOCABULARY: PHRASAL VERBS CUT DOWN ON EAT OUT CUT OUT LIVE OFF PAY BACK RUN OUT OF TAKE OUT PICK UP LIVE ON
  22. 22. VOCABULARY wake up look for turn on sit down stand up put away turn off throw away pick up

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