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Conditional sentences i


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Conditional sentences i

  1. 1. First type Conditional Sentences
  2. 2. Forms and Uses Conditional sentences consist of two clauses:  A conditional clause  A main clause If the weather is fine, we’ll go sunbathing Conditional sentences are used to express that the action in the main clause can only take place if a certain condition is fulfilled in the conditional clause.
  3. 3. TYPE 1. Real, Likely Conditionals  They have present or future time reference.  The main clause can actually take place if the condition happens. The condition seems realistic to happen: - If I find her address, I will send her an invitation. I want to send an invitation to a friend, I just have to find her address. I am sure, however, that I will find it. If Peter has the money, he will buy a car. It is very likely that Peter will have enough money to buy that car.
  4. 4. Real, likely Conditionals There are different kinds of real conditionals. Conditional clause Main clause Present Present - If it rains, you get wet. Present Future - If I see Peter, I’ll tell him. Present Imperative - If you know the answer, let me know.
  5. 5. Negative Conditions UNLESS = IF … NOT I won´t go to the party if she doesn´t invite me = I won´t go unless she invites me
  6. 6. Future Time Clauses As soon as you arrive, call me! We´ll make the dinner when you arrive home. I won´t be happy until I see you again. I´ll have a shower before I leave. After I finish university, I´ll probably take a year off.
  7. 7. 1. If I _________(go out) tonight, I __________ (go) to the cinema. go out / will go 2. If you __________ ( not get back), I __________ (be) angry. don’t get back / will be 3. If we __________ (not see) each other tomorrow, we _________ (see) each other next week. don’t see/ will see 4. If he _________ (come), I_______ (be) surprised. comes/ will be LET’S PRACTISE Fill in the blanks with the right form of the verbs between brackets
  8. 8. 1. If the weather _________(not improve), we __________ (not have) a pic-nic. doesn’t improve/ won’t have 2. They__________ ( go) to the party if they __________ (be) invited. will go/ are 3. If you __________ (know) the song, _________ (tell) me. know/ tell 4. She_________ (stay) in London if she_______ (get) a job. will stay/ gets LET’S PRACTICE Fill in the blanks with the right form of the verbs between brackets