Tenses

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Tenses

  1. 1. Created By:Dilmi Shanika
  2. 2. simple present tense Present continuous tense Present perfect tense Present perfect continuous tense
  3. 3.  Simple present tense  Present continuous tense  Present perfect tense  Present perfect continuous tense  Simple past tense  Past continuous tense  Past perfect tense  Past perfect continuous tense  Simple future tense  Future continuous tense  Future perfect tense  Future perfect continuous tense
  4. 4.  We use the present simple: To talk about feelings and opinions  She loves football  I like pop music To talk about thoughts  I don’t think she likes her new job To talk about natural incidents  The sun rises in the east
  5. 5.  To talk about a present habit  Present simple can be used with frequency adverbs like  Always  Never  Sometimes  Ever  Usually  Often  Fortnightly  Regularly
  6. 6.  I  WE WORK  YOU  THEY  HE  SHE WORKS  IT
  7. 7.  Add –s for most verbs  Work-works  Buy-buys  Add –es for verbs that end in –ch,-ss,-sh,-x  -o,-z  Watch-watches  Go-goes  Coo-coos
  8. 8.  Change the –y to –i and add –es when the base form ends in consonant +y  Study-studies  Dry-dries  Do not change –y when the base form ends in a vowel+y…….add –s  Play-plays  Enjoy-enjoys
  9. 9. The present continuous tense is used to express: Momentary actions what is happening now or around the time of speaking A momentary action can be understood by Seeing Hearing Feeling Ex:she is coming It is aching
  10. 10. Constant habits To show habit that is constantly or always seen ex: he is always working She is always grumbling Near future(decided future) With a future meaning to show what you have always arranged to do
  11. 11.  I am coming  WE  YOU are coming  THEY  HE  SHE is coming  IT
  12. 12.  The present continuous is normally used with words such as: Now Right now Just now At the moment At the present moment presently
  13. 13.  Some verbs are used only in simple tenses…  Ex:you cannot say “I am knowing”  There are some verbs that cant see in continuous form want like belong know suppose need love see release mean prefer have hear believe understand remember forget seem notice appreciate have(possess) Think(believe)
  14. 14.  When a verb ends in a single “e” it is dropped before adding “ing” Ex:Waste-wasting  This does not happen when a verb ends in “ee”, “oe”, “ye”, “ge” Ex:See-seeing Dye-dyeing  When verbs of two or more syllables whose last syllable contains only one vowel and ends in a single consonant we have to double this consonant if the stress falls on the last syllable Ex: Run-running Cut-cutting
  15. 15.  We use the present perfect to talk about things that happened at an indefinite time in past.you can use the present perfect when you don’t know when something happened or when the specific time is not important. now has been  Past future  When we use present perfect,there is a connection with the present. Ex: I’ve lost my key(I haven’t got it now) I’ve forgotten her name(I can’t remember it now)
  16. 16.  We often use the present perfect to give new information or to announce a recent happening  Ex:do you know about Dilrukshi ?she has gone to Japan.
  17. 17.  You can use the present perfect with “just” (a short time ago) Ex:no thanks.i’ve just had lunch  You can use present perfect with “already” to say that something has happened sooner than expected. Ex: when is seetha going to start her new job?she has already started.
  18. 18.  Use the present perfect with ‘since’ or ‘for’ to talk about something than began in the past and continued to the present.(and may continue into the future)  Use the present perfect with since+point in time to show when something is started.  Since can also introduce a time clause  If the action ended in the past ,use the past simple in the time clause.  If the action still continuous in the present,use the present perfect in the time clause
  19. 19.  use the present perfect with „for‟+length of time to show how long a present situation has lasted. Ex:He has lived in london for six years  We often use “ever” and “never” in present perfect. ex:Have you ever eaten cuttle fish? I have never smoked a cigarrete.
  20. 20.  We use present perfect after a superlative Ex:you are the prettiest girl i’vE ever met in my life  we have to use the present perfect with “this is the first time……..”  Ex:This is the first time I have faced such a problem
  21. 21.  We use the present perfect when we talk about a period of time that continuous up to the present or something that has happened several times up to the present. Ex:I havEn’t seen him recently.have you?  we often use the present perfect with “yet” shows that the speaker is expecting something to happen. Ex:hasn’t it stopped raining yet?
  22. 22.  We use present perfect with this morning,this evening,today,this week,this term ,etc…if the period indicated by these times are nor over at the time of speaking Ex:I have drunk four bottles of coca cola today.  We use present perfect with ‘been’ to show continuous actions Ex:We have been angry with each
  23. 23.  I have gone  WE  YOU have gone  THEY  HE  SHE has gone  IT Have/has +past participle
  24. 24.  We use present perfect continuous for an action or situation that began in the past and continuous until now. now Past f uture have been+ing
  25. 25.  We can use the present perfect continuous for repeated actions up to now.they can be actions that are done many times in a period of time from the past and until now.  I have been having driving lessons for a couple of months.  I have been going to evening classes in french.
  26. 26.  We can also use it to talk about an action which has just stopped and has a present result. Ex :it has bEEn raining.that’s why the ground is wet.  We can use present perfect continuous with for ,since,how long, recently, lately…..  Ex :I have been attending this class
  27. 27.  I have been working  WE  YOU have been working  THEY  HE  SHE has been working  IT
  28. 28.  http://www.englisch- hilfen.de/en/exercises/questions/simple_pres ent2.htm  http://www.englishmaven.org/HP6/Present% 20Tense%20Exercise%204.htm  http://www.englishexercises.org/buscador/bu scar.asp?nivel=any&age=0&contents=presen t+simple  http://www.usingenglish.com/quizzes/65.htm l
  29. 29.  http://www.englishexercises.org/buscador/buscar.asp ?nivel=any&age=0&tipo=any&contents=present+cont inuous  http://www.perfect-english-grammar.com/present- continuous-exercise-1.html  http://www.englishpage.com/verbpage/verbs1.htm  http://www.englishpage.com/verbpage/verbs2.htm  http://www.englisch- hilfen.de/en/exercises/tenses/simple_present_progres sive.htm
  30. 30.  http://www.englishexercises.org/buscador/bu scar.asp?nivel=any&age=0&tipo=any&conten ts=present+perfect  http://www.really-learn-english.com/present- perfect-exercises.html
  31. 31.  http://www.englishpage.com/verbpage/verbs 7.htm  http://www.englishpage.com/verbpage/verbs 8.htm  http://www.autoenglish.org/gr.percon.i.htm  http://www.e-grammar.org/present-perfect- simple-continuous/

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