Hand tools are tools that are
Hand tools include anything from
axes to wrenches
The greatest hazards posed by hand
tools result from misuse and improper
What the RegulationsWhat the Regulations
Say About Hand ToolsSay About Hand Tools
Each employer shall be responsible for the safe
condition of tools and equipment used by employees,
including tools and equipment which may be furnished
Compressed air used for cleaning. Compressed air shall
not be used for cleaning purposes except where
reduced to less than 30 p.s.i. and then only with
effective chip guarding and personal protective
Employers shall not issue or permit the use of unsafe hand
Wrenches, including adjustable, pipe, end, and socket
wrenches shall not be used when jaws are sprung to the
point that slippage occurs
Impact tools, such as drift pins, wedges, and chisels, shall be
kept free of mushroomed heads
The wooden handles of tools shall be kept free of splinters or
cracks and shall be kept tight in the tool 5
HAZARDS OF HANDTOOLSHAZARDS OF HANDTOOLS
If a chisel is used as a screwdriver, the
tip of the chisel may break and fly off,
hitting the user or other employees
If a wooden handle on a tool, such as a
hammer or an axe, is loose, splintered, or
cracked, the head of the tool may fly off
and strike the user or other employees
If the jaws of a wrench are sprung, the
wrench might slip.
Cutting and Slicing ToolsCutting and Slicing Tools
(Knives, Box Cutters, Scissors, Razor Blades, etc…)(Knives, Box Cutters, Scissors, Razor Blades, etc…)
Safety Gloves – Protection against accidental cuts and vibration
A Sharp Blade Is Safer – When dull, a blade can slip from the
object being cut and cause a serious injury.
Cut Downward – Always away from your hand.
Put It Back – Never leave a cutting tool lying on a table, chair, sink
or desk. There are only three places that a cutting tool should
1) in use,
2) stored safely in a drawer, tool box, in a knife rack, or,
3) in the dishwasher (blade down, handle up)
Never put knives in a sink full of soapy or
dirty water. Someone could reach into the
water and severely cut their hand.
Cutting and Slicing ToolsCutting and Slicing Tools
Let It Go! – Never attempt to catch a
dropped knife or other cutting tool – let it fall.
Wipe Away From The Sharp Edge – if you need to
wipe or clean material off the blade, always wipe away
from the sharp edge.
Never Touch The Sharp Edge – Always use a piece of
paper to test the sharpness of a knife
– NEVER use your fingers!
Never use a knife as a substitute for other tools – such
as a screwdriver or bottle opener.
EMPLOYER’S DUTYEMPLOYER’S DUTY
The employer is responsible for the safe condition
of tools and equipment used by employees
Employers shall not issue or permit the use of
unsafe hand tools.
Employees should be trained in the proper use and
handling of tools and equipment.
EMPLOYEE’S DUTYEMPLOYEE’S DUTY
Employees, when using saw blades, knives, or other
tools, should direct the tools away from aisle areas
They should be away from other employees working
in close proximity
Knives and scissors must be sharp; dull tools can
cause more hazards than sharp ones
Cracked saw blades must be removed from service.
Basic Tool Safety RulesBasic Tool Safety Rules
Inspect before use
Use the right tool for the job
Operate according to
Use the right Personal Protective
Hand Tools - ProtectionHand Tools - Protection
Keep floor surface where working
free from debris and tripping or
Keep cutting tools sharp
Use tools as they were intended to
Use Personal Protective Equipment
(PPE), such as safety glasses and
PPE determined by Job Hazard
OSHA Office of Training and Education 9
Examples of PPEExamples of PPE
glovesHands and arms
safety glasses, gogglesEye
Body Part Protection
SAFETY FIVE RULESSAFETY FIVE RULES
All hazards involved in the use of power tools can
be prevented by following five basic safety rules:
Keep all tools in good condition with regular
Use the right tool for the job.
Examine each tool for damage before use and do not
use damaged tools.
Operate tools according to the manufacturers’
Provide and use properly the right personal protective
General Safety PrecautionsGeneral Safety Precautions
Appropriate personal protective equipment should be
worn due to hazards that may be encountered while using
portable power tools and hand tools.
Floors should be kept as clean and dry as possible to
prevent accidental slips with or around dangerous hand
SAFETY PRECAUTIONSSAFETY PRECAUTIONS
Wrenches must not be used when jaws are
sprung to the point that slippage occurs.
Impact tools such as drift pins, wedges, and chisels
must be kept free of mushroomed heads.
The wooden handles of tools must not be
Iron or steel hand tools may produce sparks that
can be an ignition source around flammable substances.
Where this hazard exists, spark-resistant tools
made of non-ferrous materials should be used
These tools are used where flammable gases, highly
volatile liquids, and other explosive substances are
OSHA GUIDELINESOSHA GUIDELINES
Management leadership and employee
Hazard prevention and control
Safety and health training
INTRODUCTION OF GRINDINGINTRODUCTION OF GRINDING
Whether they are portable or fixed, grinding wheels are
designed to operate at very high speeds.
If a grinding wheel shatters while in use, the fragments can
travel over 300 miles per hour.
The potential for serious injury, material damage and
other losses from these shooting fragments is great.
To ensure that grinding wheels are safely used in your
workplace, know the hazards and how to control them.
The grinding machine is used for:
Roughing and finishing flat, cylindrical, and
Finishing internal cylinders bores
Forming and sharpening cutting tools
Snagging or removing rough projections from
castings and stampings
Leaning, polishing, and buffing surfaces
Complete roughing and finishing of certain
classes of work.
TYPES OF GRINDINGTYPES OF GRINDING
There are three types of grinder
Universal Tool and cutter grinder
POSSIBLE HAZARDSPOSSIBLE HAZARDS
Body contact with the grinding tool at
Injuries caused by failure of the grinding tool
Grinding particles, sparks, gases and dust
generated during grinding
SAFETY AGAINST HAZARDSSAFETY AGAINST HAZARDS
Body contact with the abrasive product
When using grinding tools, the greatest caution and
care is necessary.
Tie back long hair and do not wear loose clothing,
ties and jewellery
If the machine or work piece is held in the hand,
always wear gloves and applicable clothing.
After switching off the machine, make sure that this
has completely stopped before you leave it unattended.
Injury through failure of a grinding toolInjury through failure of a grinding tool
Operating requires the greatest of caution, because
these can be easily damaged.
Before use you should check all products for signs of
It should be stored to prevent damaging influences
such as moisture, frost and as well as mechanical damage
Observe the warning or safety instructions on grinding
tools or the packaging
Grinding particles, sparks, dust andGrinding particles, sparks, dust and
All dry grinding processes should be equipped with
suitable extraction systems
For dry grinding, it is recommended to use
respirators, also if extraction systems are available
Protection covers or guards should be adjusted so
that they guide sparks and grinding particles away
from the body.
Additional measures are necessary for the
protection of persons who are in the vicinity
It is recommended to wear eye protection
during all grinding processes
For freehand grinding, safety goggles or a face
mask is recommended
GRINDER SAFETY PROCEDURESGRINDER SAFETY PROCEDURES
To avoid injuries follow the safety precautions
Wear goggles for all grinding machine
Check grinding wheels for cracks before
Never operate grinding wheels at speeds in
excess of the recommended speed.
Never adjust the workpiece or work mounting
devices when the machine is operating
Do not exceed recommended depth of cut for the
grinding wheel or machine.
Remove workpiece from grinding wheel before
turning machine off.
Use proper wheel guards on all grinding machines.
SAFETY MEASURESSAFETY MEASURES
Observe the instructions on the grinding tool and
Make sure that the abrasive wheel is suitable for the
Before using each time, check the abrasive wheel for
signs of damage.
Observe the instructions for correct operating and
storing of the grinding tool.
PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENTPERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT
Workers using grinders should wear the
proper PPE. Safety goggles or a clear face shield
protect the eyes and face.
Leather welding gloves will protect hands.
Hearing protection is always needed, whether
a worker wears ear plugs or ear muffs.
Also required in most cases are a leather safety
jacket, long pants and leather top safety boots.
SP 70 :2001Handbook On Construction Safety Practices
Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998
Approved Code of Practice and guidance L22 ISBN 978 0
7176 6295 1