<ul><li>What was the propaganda convincing Americans to do? </li></ul><ul><li>How did the war effect the United States? </...
<ul><li>Widely accepted </li></ul><ul><li>Progressives do not want to enter war </li></ul><ul><ul><li>American Union Again...
<ul><li>Britain blockaded German ports, U.S. trade becomes limited </li></ul><ul><li>Britain agrees to buy all goods from ...
<ul><li>1915- Wilson cut military spending </li></ul><ul><li>Later, the same year, he approved increases </li></ul><ul><li...
<ul><li>Freedom of Seas </li></ul><ul><li>Arms limitations </li></ul><ul><li>League of Nations </li></ul><ul><li>“ Only a ...
<ul><li>Sussex Pledge </li></ul><ul><li>Zimmerman Note </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of money if the Allies were not successful <...
<ul><li>Wilson forms the Committee on Public Information (CPI) </li></ul><ul><li>Progressive journalists publicize the war...
<ul><li>Schools stopped offering German </li></ul><ul><li>Sauerkraut becomes “liberty cabbage” </li></ul><ul><li>Bars quit...
<ul><li>20 years in prison for the following crimes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aiding the enemy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Obst...
<ul><li>Harsh penalties for anyone who was: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Disloyal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used profane languag...
<ul><li>Passed in May 1917, a month after declaring war </li></ul><ul><li>“ selection from a nation which has volunteered ...
<ul><li>Increase corporate income tax </li></ul><ul><li>Increase personal income tax </li></ul><ul><li>Sell liberty bonds ...
<ul><li>Oversaw production of all American factories </li></ul><ul><li>Headed by Bernard M. Baruch </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A...
<ul><li>Goal was to convince Americans to conserve food for the Army </li></ul><ul><li>Wheatless days </li></ul><ul><li>Me...
<ul><li>Introduced daylight savings time </li></ul><ul><li>Rationed coal and oil </li></ul><ul><li>Gasless days when motor...
<ul><li>Goal was to encourage production </li></ul><ul><li>Needed to avoid strikes </li></ul><ul><li>Supported 8 hour work...
<ul><li>Women </li></ul><ul><ul><li>8 million work during WWI </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pay becomes comparable </li></ul>...
<ul><li>Mexican immigration begins </li></ul><ul><li>Population grows from 385,000 to 740,000 in ten years </li></ul><ul><...
<ul><li>175,000 American soldiers died </li></ul><ul><li>Business profits grew </li></ul><ul><li>Government authority swel...
<ul><li>No secret treaties </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom of the seas </li></ul><ul><li>Removal of Economic Barriers </li></ul>...
<ul><li>Asks people to vote for Democrats </li></ul><ul><li>People vote for Republicans because of inflation </li></ul><ul...
<ul><li>27 Nations were represented </li></ul><ul><li>Big Four dominate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S.- President Wilson </li>...
<ul><li>Reduce size of German army </li></ul><ul><li>Germany to return Alsace Lorraine to France </li></ul><ul><li>Troops ...
<ul><li>IN 1914 </li></ul><ul><li>IN 1918 </li></ul>
<ul><li>Czechoslovakia </li></ul><ul><li>Yugoslavia </li></ul><ul><li>Romania </li></ul><ul><li>Poland </li></ul><ul><li>L...
<ul><li>U.S. Senate does not approve </li></ul><ul><li>Huge problems with treaty – no one truly happy </li></ul><ul><li>Ge...
<ul><li>What was the propaganda convincing Americans to do? </li></ul><ul><li>How did the war effect the United States? </...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Goal #8 the homefront during the great war-1

6,631 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
6,631
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
5,717
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
9
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Goal #8 the homefront during the great war-1

  1. 1. <ul><li>What was the propaganda convincing Americans to do? </li></ul><ul><li>How did the war effect the United States? </li></ul><ul><li>How did the war effect Europe? </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>Widely accepted </li></ul><ul><li>Progressives do not want to enter war </li></ul><ul><ul><li>American Union Against militarism forms </li></ul></ul><ul><li>As a nation of immigrants, neutrality makes sense </li></ul><ul><li>Neutral countries could continue to trade with both sides </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Britain blockaded German ports, U.S. trade becomes limited </li></ul><ul><li>Britain agrees to buy all goods from U.S. that they would have sold </li></ul><ul><li>Germany resolves to have unrestricted Submarine warfare </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>1915- Wilson cut military spending </li></ul><ul><li>Later, the same year, he approved increases </li></ul><ul><li>Toured country to promote being prepared for war </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Freedom of Seas </li></ul><ul><li>Arms limitations </li></ul><ul><li>League of Nations </li></ul><ul><li>“ Only a peace between equals can last, only a peace the very principle of which equality and a common participation in a common benefit.” </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Sussex Pledge </li></ul><ul><li>Zimmerman Note </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of money if the Allies were not successful </li></ul><ul><li>Wilson asks for war </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Wilson forms the Committee on Public Information (CPI) </li></ul><ul><li>Progressive journalists publicize the war </li></ul><ul><ul><li>George Creel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ida Tarbell </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ray Stannard Baker </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Art </li></ul><ul><li>Advertising </li></ul><ul><li>Film Industry </li></ul><ul><li>Speeches </li></ul><ul><li>Pamphlets </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Schools stopped offering German </li></ul><ul><li>Sauerkraut becomes “liberty cabbage” </li></ul><ul><li>Bars quit selling pretzels </li></ul><ul><li>Bach, Beethoven, and Brahms disappear </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>20 years in prison for the following crimes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aiding the enemy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Obstructing the recruitment of soldiers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encouraging disloyalty </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Postmaster General was allowed to remove mail that incited treason or insurrection </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Harsh penalties for anyone who was: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Disloyal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used profane language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used abusive language </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Against </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The flag </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Armed Services </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1500 people were arrested </li></ul><ul><li>Went behind clear and present danger </li></ul><ul><li>Began the Red Scare </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Passed in May 1917, a month after declaring war </li></ul><ul><li>“ selection from a nation which has volunteered in mass” </li></ul><ul><li>All men 21-30 </li></ul><ul><li>By June, 9.5 million registered </li></ul><ul><li>24.2 million registered </li></ul><ul><li>2.8 million were inducted in the Army </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Increase corporate income tax </li></ul><ul><li>Increase personal income tax </li></ul><ul><li>Sell liberty bonds </li></ul><ul><li>War expense was 32 Billion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10 Billion raised in income tax </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>23 Billion raised in Liberty Bonds </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Oversaw production of all American factories </li></ul><ul><li>Headed by Bernard M. Baruch </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A wall street broker </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Determined priorities </li></ul><ul><li>Allocated raw materials </li></ul><ul><li>Fixed prices </li></ul><ul><li>Told businesses what they could and could not make </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Goal was to convince Americans to conserve food for the Army </li></ul><ul><li>Wheatless days </li></ul><ul><li>Meatless days </li></ul><ul><li>“ Victory gardens” </li></ul><ul><li>Door to door campaign to convince housewives </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Introduced daylight savings time </li></ul><ul><li>Rationed coal and oil </li></ul><ul><li>Gasless days when motorists could NOT drive </li></ul><ul><li>Closed nonessential factories </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Goal was to encourage production </li></ul><ul><li>Needed to avoid strikes </li></ul><ul><li>Supported 8 hour workday </li></ul><ul><li>Encouraged labor union membership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1916- 2.7 million </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1919- 4 million </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Women </li></ul><ul><ul><li>8 million work during WWI </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pay becomes comparable </li></ul></ul><ul><li>African Americans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recruitment in South is widespread </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>450,000 move to big industrial cities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>St Louis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Detroit </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cleveland </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Chicago </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>North seemed impersonal and lonely </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Time clocks and line supervisors </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Mexican immigration begins </li></ul><ul><li>Population grows from 385,000 to 740,000 in ten years </li></ul><ul><li>Created urban barrios similar to Chinatowns </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>175,000 American soldiers died </li></ul><ul><li>Business profits grew </li></ul><ul><li>Government authority swelled </li></ul><ul><li>Strongest economic power in the World </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Foreign governments owed 10 billion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Foreign citizens owed 3 billion </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>No secret treaties </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom of the seas </li></ul><ul><li>Removal of Economic Barriers </li></ul><ul><li>Countries need to reduce arms </li></ul><ul><li>Impartial adjustments of colonial claims </li></ul><ul><li>Independent Poland </li></ul><ul><li>Create a League of Nations </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>Asks people to vote for Democrats </li></ul><ul><li>People vote for Republicans because of inflation </li></ul><ul><li>Wilson alienated many prominent Republicans </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>27 Nations were represented </li></ul><ul><li>Big Four dominate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S.- President Wilson </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>France- Clemenceau </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Britain- Prime Minister David Lloyd George </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Italy- Prime Minister Vittorio Orlando </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Central Powers were not invited </li></ul><ul><li>Wilson is a hero </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chant “Wilson the Just” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 million people line the streets </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>Reduce size of German army </li></ul><ul><li>Germany to return Alsace Lorraine to France </li></ul><ul><li>Troops would occupy Rhineland (German border) for 15 years </li></ul><ul><li>Poland became independent </li></ul><ul><li>War guilt clause – Germany had to pay reparations (war damages) to the allies </li></ul><ul><li>Other Boundary changes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Austria-Hungary broke apart </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>IN 1914 </li></ul><ul><li>IN 1918 </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>Czechoslovakia </li></ul><ul><li>Yugoslavia </li></ul><ul><li>Romania </li></ul><ul><li>Poland </li></ul><ul><li>Lithuania </li></ul><ul><li>Latvia </li></ul><ul><li>Estonia </li></ul><ul><li>Ottoman Empire broke apart – Iraq, Palestine, Syria, Lebanon </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>U.S. Senate does not approve </li></ul><ul><li>Huge problems with treaty – no one truly happy </li></ul><ul><li>Germany could not pay </li></ul><ul><li>World wide depression </li></ul><ul><li>Treaty of Versailles leads to WWII </li></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>What was the propaganda convincing Americans to do? </li></ul><ul><li>How did the war effect the United States? </li></ul><ul><li>How did the war effect Europe? </li></ul>

×