The1970s Nixon Domestic Policy

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The1970s Nixon Domestic Policy

  1. 1. Nixon Domestic Policy <ul><li>“ Bring us Together Again” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Law & Order” on our streets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New Federalism-take power from Washington D. C. & give it to state & local </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not very concerned about Domestic Policy </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. Reasons for Economic Concern <ul><li>Stagflation: An economic concern because inflation and unemployment go up </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First major inflation since Post WWII era </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inflation went up to 8% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unemployment up to 7.5% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Why does this happen? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LBJ’s Great Society spending </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vietnam Spending </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tax Cut (4%) </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Nixon’s Reaction to the Economy <ul><li>August 16, 1971- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nixon puts a 90 day freeze on wages and prices </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Energy Crisis <ul><li>Yom Kippur War causes embargo on oil to the US </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oil imports fall to almost 19,000 barrels a day </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Costs of gas Climb! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How does this affect America? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Nixon’s Response to the Energy Crisis <ul><li>Emergency Highway Conservation Act </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Natl. Speed Limit to 55 mph </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Savings of 200,000 barrels a day </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Trans-Alaskan Pipeline </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Found oil in Prudhoe Bay in 1968 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost $8 Billion and brought 1 million barrels into the US </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Billions into researching and developing nuclear power </li></ul>
  6. 6. Nixon’s Role w/ the Environment <ul><li>EPA passed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Federal agency that began to enforce environmental laws </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Clean Air Act of 1970 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Focused on car emissions restrictions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rachel Carson </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wrote Silent Spring , a book that looked at the effects of DDT on the environment </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Other Domestic Achievements <ul><li>26 th Amendment-Voting age is now 18, down from 21 </li></ul><ul><li>Roe v. Wade (1973)-woman and her doctor, not the state govt, have the right to control what happens to her body (Privacy) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Watergate <ul><li>Plumbers-former CIA/FBI agents created to stop leaks and carry out illegal actions for national security </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sept. 3, 1971-broke into Daniel Ellsberg’s psychiatrists office (Pentagon Papers) </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Watergate cont. <ul><li>CREEP-Committee to RE-Elect the President </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Got $$ to carry out activities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>June 17, 1972-5 men arrested at 2:30am trying to break into the Democratic Natl. HQ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Put tape over the door in order to keep it open </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plant listening devices in order to spy on the Democrats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why?? Figure out how to beat George McGovern in 1972 </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Watergate cont. <ul><li>June 23, 1972 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nixon orders CIA to block FBI investigation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tie it to the Cubans </li></ul></ul><ul><li>August 1, 1972 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A $25,000 cashier’s check ends up in the bank account of a Nixon burglar. It is from a campaign donor (CREEP) </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Watergate cont. <ul><li>Case is given to two young Washington Post Reporters </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bob Woodward </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carl Bernstein </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Find a source within the White House-W. Mark Felt (Deepthroat) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>April 30, 1973 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>H. R. Haldeman & John Erlichman resign & attorney general is fired </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Watergate cont. <ul><li>July 13, 1973 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alexander Butterfield reveals that Nixon recorded all conversations in the White House-Tapes??? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nixon says that he has “Executive Privilege” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Never found in the Constitution </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>October 10, 1973 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>VP Spiro Agnew resigns, income tax evasion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gerald Ford is new VP </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Watergate cont. <ul><li>Saturday Night Massacre </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nixon orders Archibald Cox, the Special Prosecutor, to be fired the AG and the Deputy AG resign </li></ul></ul><ul><li>November 17, 1973 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nixon declared that “I am not a crook” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nixon v. US -must turn over tapes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>18 ½ minutes deleted!! </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. The End <ul><li>August 9, 1974 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nixon resigns the Presidency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Charged w/ Defying Congressional Subpoenas </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Misuse of Pres. Power </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Obstruction of Justice </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gerald Ford takes over </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why does he do it? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pension </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Secret Service for Life </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Insurance/Health Benefits </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use of Air Force One, Camp David, etc. </li></ul></ul></ul>

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