The Middle Ages
1066-1485
Questions about the Middle
Ages
What was life like in the Middle Ages?
Why was the church important?
How did the Black Pla...
FEUDALISM
1) A political, economic, and social system
based on loyalty and military service.
2) In other words, the king a...
Feudalism Continued
Serfs:
Bound to lord for life.
Needed permission to marry
Under protection of lord
Not allowed to leave land
Castles
could only be built by the approval of the king
Used for defense
Everything the king or nobles needed would
be found insid...
Concentric Castles- Why were they called
concentric castles?
Deal Castle
The Church
Knighthood: professional
soliders
KNIGHT – 20 yrs
SQUIRE – 15 or 16 yrs
PAGE – 8 yrs
Code of Chivalry
Thou shalt believe all that the Church teaches, and shalt observe all its
directions.
Thou shalt defend t...
Education
In 1300, 85-90% of the population of England
was illiterate.
Memorizing 1200 lines, about 100 pages, was a
commo...
Medieval Barbarism
Cannibalism of dead bodies were eaten by
starving peasants in the 1200-1400s in England.
Grave robbery ...
Prisons
Everyone was together in one
cell.
Prisons were wiped out due to
diseases
Prisoners paid for their own food.
Tortu...
Mortality Rate of Children
2/3 of all children died before age 7.
1/3 of the remaining population died before
reaching the...
Treatment of Women:
1300-1400s
Men could whip servants, women, and
children without penalty.
Divorces were unheard of unti...
Marriage
Men would test future wives to
see if they would be faithful to
them after marriage.
Marriage was only acceptable...
Clothing
No zippers or buttons in the
1400s
Clothing tied with
crisscrossing like shoe laces
at the front of
chest, pants,...
Food
People ate moldy spoiled
meat (no refrigeration or
salt), scraping off the
mold, or creating a spicy
sauce to cover t...
The Black Death
(The Black Plague)
Historians think that the plague arrived in
England during the summer of 1348. During t...
Where did the Black Death
come from?
What were the symptoms of the
plague?
What Caused it and How
Was it Transmitted?
http://www.history.com/topics/black-
death/videos#life-after-people-plague
Medieval “Cure” #1:
The swellings would be softened with figs and
cooked onions. The onions whould be mixed
with yeast and...
Medieval “Cure” #2:
They took a live frog and put its belly on the
plague sore. The frog would swell up and burst.
They re...
Middle Ages Intro Notes/English 4
Middle Ages Intro Notes/English 4
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Middle Ages Intro Notes/English 4

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Ms. Mojica's English 4 British Literature Class

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Middle Ages Intro Notes/English 4

  1. 1. The Middle Ages 1066-1485
  2. 2. Questions about the Middle Ages What was life like in the Middle Ages? Why was the church important? How did the Black Plague kill so many people?
  3. 3. FEUDALISM 1) A political, economic, and social system based on loyalty and military service. 2) In other words, the king awarded land grants or "fiefs" to his most important nobles, his barons, and his bishops, in return for their contribution of soldiers for the king's armies.
  4. 4. Feudalism Continued
  5. 5. Serfs: Bound to lord for life. Needed permission to marry Under protection of lord Not allowed to leave land
  6. 6. Castles
  7. 7. could only be built by the approval of the king Used for defense Everything the king or nobles needed would be found inside the house
  8. 8. Concentric Castles- Why were they called concentric castles? Deal Castle
  9. 9. The Church
  10. 10. Knighthood: professional soliders KNIGHT – 20 yrs SQUIRE – 15 or 16 yrs PAGE – 8 yrs
  11. 11. Code of Chivalry Thou shalt believe all that the Church teaches, and shalt observe all its directions. Thou shalt defend the Church. Thou shalt repect all weaknesses, and shalt constitute thyself the defender of them. Thou shalt love the country in the which thou wast born. Thou shalt not recoil before thine enemy. Thou shalt make war against the Infidel without cessation, and without mercy. Thou shalt perform scrupulously thy feudal duties, if they be not contrary to the laws of God. Thou shalt never lie, and shall remain faithful to thy pledged word. Thou shalt be generous, and give largess to everyone. Thou shalt be everywhere and always the champion of the Right and the Good against Injustice and Evil.
  12. 12. Education In 1300, 85-90% of the population of England was illiterate. Memorizing 1200 lines, about 100 pages, was a common assignment for a schoolboy. A grown man who was well educated could often recite a whole book of 185,000 lines!
  13. 13. Medieval Barbarism Cannibalism of dead bodies were eaten by starving peasants in the 1200-1400s in England. Grave robbery was common Revenge was taken on corpses. A murderer’s dead body would be mutilated by the victim’s relatives.
  14. 14. Prisons Everyone was together in one cell. Prisons were wiped out due to diseases Prisoners paid for their own food. Torture devices such as the rack-stretcher http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=I2Se3knPozM If you charged someone with murder and they were found innocent, you were killed!
  15. 15. Mortality Rate of Children 2/3 of all children died before age 7. 1/3 of the remaining population died before reaching the age of 14. ½ of those remaining died before reaching age 21.
  16. 16. Treatment of Women: 1300-1400s Men could whip servants, women, and children without penalty. Divorces were unheard of until the 1500s Fidelity of the wife was extremely important. Result of infidelity: stoning Husband and children get to throw the first stones
  17. 17. Marriage Men would test future wives to see if they would be faithful to them after marriage. Marriage was only acceptable within the same social classes If a man committed a crime out of love for a woman (if he murdered someone in a jealous rage over a woman), the courts and society would blame the woman. Death was preferred to dishonor or public shame Women who were raped were encouraged by their families to commit suicide instead of dishonoring their family’s name.
  18. 18. Clothing No zippers or buttons in the 1400s Clothing tied with crisscrossing like shoe laces at the front of chest, pants, sides of legs, and sleeves. Dresses were expensive Rich women bought 6 per year Middle class bought 4 per year Poor women bought 1 per
  19. 19. Food People ate moldy spoiled meat (no refrigeration or salt), scraping off the mold, or creating a spicy sauce to cover the flavor. Instead of eating a chunk of meat for dinner as we do it, they would stretch what little meat they had by chopping it in tiny chunks, making lots of gravy and pot pies. Ate two meals a day (no breakfast or snacks).
  20. 20. The Black Death (The Black Plague) Historians think that the plague arrived in England during the summer of 1348. During the following autumn it spread quickly through the south west. Few villages escaped. Churchyards were full with bodies. The plague spread quickly during the winter of 1348-1349 to the north of England. By 1350, nearly the whole of Britain was infected with the plague. At the end of 1350 nearly two and a half million people were dead!
  21. 21. Where did the Black Death come from?
  22. 22. What were the symptoms of the plague?
  23. 23. What Caused it and How Was it Transmitted? http://www.history.com/topics/black- death/videos#life-after-people-plague
  24. 24. Medieval “Cure” #1: The swellings would be softened with figs and cooked onions. The onions whould be mixed with yeast and butter. Then, they open the swellings with a knife.
  25. 25. Medieval “Cure” #2: They took a live frog and put its belly on the plague sore. The frog would swell up and burst. They repeated doing this with further frogs until they stopped bursting. Some people said that a dried toad would do the job better.

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