Lesson 3-British Folk Heroes And Folklore


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Lesson 3-British Folk Heroes And Folklore

  1. 1. Understanding British History
  2. 2. <ul><li>A body of expressive culture, including stories, music, dance, legends, oral history, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Folklore helps us better understand cultures from the past and present </li></ul><ul><li>In studying the folklore, we can better understand the history we’ve covered in class </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>The legend of King Arthur begins around the time of the “fall of Rome” </li></ul><ul><li>At this time, Britain was being invaded by the Anglo-Saxons. </li></ul><ul><li>Today, nobody is sure of the true origins of King Arthur, but many believe he originated from Celtic legend. </li></ul><ul><li>Through the stories of King Arthur, we can see the values from Celtic, Roman, and Medieval (Feudalism) culture </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>There are many versions of the King Arthur legend, but many of the ideas are similar </li></ul><ul><li>From the period of Celtic and Roman Britain </li></ul><ul><ul><li>There is the threat of the Anglo-Saxons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Through the stories the values of honor, loyalty, hospitality, honesty, justice and courage. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In Welsh language Arthur means “bear”- The bear was considered a god in Celtic culture </li></ul></ul><ul><li>From the period of feudalism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Knights of the Round Table-represents equality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chivalry- the values of bravery, courtesy, honor and courtesy towards women. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Later stories involve Christianity (religion) </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Beowulf is often considered one of the most important works in British literature </li></ul><ul><li>Takes place in Scandinavia </li></ul><ul><li>Originally told orally, but first written in Britain </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>King Hrothgar and his people are terrorized by the monster Grendel. </li></ul><ul><li>Beowulf comes to help fight the monster, and defeats him. </li></ul><ul><li>Beowulf becomes famous and is given gifts (gold, jewels, etc.), but the people are soon threatened by Grendel’s mother. </li></ul><ul><li>Grendel’s mother and Beowulf have an underwater battle in which Beowulf kills her. </li></ul><ul><li>Beowulf becomes a great king and rules for fifty years. </li></ul><ul><li>Then, a large dragon begins to kill many of Beowulf’s men. Beowulf prepares for his last battle. </li></ul><ul><li>Beowulf dies in this final battle. His body is burned and his people bury him with lots of treasure. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>The story reveals a “heroic code of honor” </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Warrior Culture”- Kings are meant to protect their people. The kings demand loyalty and bravery from their subjects. </li></ul><ul><li>The mead hall-A gathering place to drink, tell stories, and receive gifts. It is considered a sacred and safe place. </li></ul><ul><li>Grendel and the dragon, represent a time of constant invasion. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>A popular hero in British culture. </li></ul><ul><li>His story originates in the 12 th and 13 th centuries </li></ul><ul><li>“ Robs from the rich and gives to the poor.” </li></ul><ul><li>Constant conflict with nobles (suppress the people) </li></ul><ul><li>Prince John- A greedy man who wants to become king. Many peasants suffer under his rule with his taxes and laws. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Taxes and harsh laws (remember when we discussed the Magna Carta or The Great Charter?) </li></ul><ul><li>The system of feudalism cannot work if power is abused. </li></ul><ul><li>Through the stories of Robin Hood (There are many tales!), one can see the class struggles found in period of feudalism. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Wallace is considered one of Scotland’s greatest heroes. </li></ul><ul><li>Helped start a revolt against British rule. </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually captured by the British. He was tortured and executed (killed). </li></ul><ul><li>Robert the Bruce (we have seen him in the movie Braveheart) we eventually lead Scotland to independence. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Oliver Twist was a novel written by Charles Dickens </li></ul><ul><li>Oliver is a young orphan who is forced into labor, becomes a thief and is constantly abused. </li></ul><ul><li>Oliver finally escapes and moves to the countryside. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>The horrible life of poor people in large cities </li></ul><ul><li>The exploitation of children </li></ul><ul><li>The crowded cities are a dark place </li></ul><ul><li>The countryside is ideal </li></ul>