What is Cooking? Cooking is the process of preparing food by applying heat. The ability to cook foods gave humans longer healthier lives.
What happens when food is cooked? Microorganisms are destroyed Connective tissue in meats breaks down Proteins coagulate Fibers in vegetables break down Starches absorb liquid Flavors blend and change
Methods of heat transfer Conduction- is the transfer of heat energy from one object to another through direct contact Convection- is the manner in which heat energy travels through liquids and gases Radiation- the transfer of heat energy through waves
Cooking Methods Dry heat methods Sautéing- quickly cooking an items in a small amount of hot fat over high heat Pan-frying- cooking food with hot fat, which covers the food item half way Deep frying- cooking food in hot fat, fully covered Grilling- heat source radiating from below the food Broiling- heat source radiating from above the food Roasting- cooking food by surrounding it by hot air Baking- cooking food by surrounding it with hot air and slight moisture
Cooking Methods Moist heat methods Poaching- cooking food at a relatively low temperature Simmering- done at a high temp than poaching, but just below boiling Boiling- cooking liquid at it’s highest possible temperature Steaming- cooking food by surrounding it by water vapor
Cooking Methods Combination Methods Braising- food is browned on all sides then simmered