WHAT IS COOKING.?
Cooking is the art of preparing food for consumption
with the use of heat.
At its most basic, cooking is about the ways in which
food is transformed by applying heat to it.
A cooking method is the way a food item has been prepared.
Use air, metal, fat or radiation to transfer heat to food..
There is no fat used.
Food items are cooked by dry heat. Ex-
cakes, buns, etc.
Cooking something with direct exposure
to fire. It is similar to grilling.
Apply to cooking of large pieces of meat. Roasting
can be done four types
grilling is done in open fire and food is cooked by its
own fat . The heat comes below from the grill bars.
frying comes under medium of fat . Frying the food
items are cooked by immersing in OIL or FAT at a sufficient
high temp. there are two types of frying.
Liquid is medium for cooking food…
Stewing is gentle simmering is a small quantity of
water , stock or sauce , until the food items are tender and
both liquid and food are serve together.
This is the combined method of roasting and
Cooking by moist heat. i.e water vapour. Steaming is of two
types- Direct & Indirect.
indirect steaming is done when the food is prepared in a closed pan.
Ex- steamed momo
Boiling is cooking by immersing the food in a pan of liquid.
Boiling temperature is 100 c.
ex- boiled eggs, boiled vegetables, etc.
Poaching is done in vinegar water. In poaching, the
temperature is just below the boiling temperature ( 93-95 c).
Ex- poached eggs, poached fish, etc.
OTHER COOKING METHODS
Rechaufee means to reheat. In this usually
leftover food is prepared. As taken to meat items they are
used as minced & mix with ingredients.
ex- keema pulao , hash brown, etc.
It comes under shallow frying. Food items, ex-
thin meat pieces, fish are cut into very small thin pieces.
They are placed in a heavy bottomed pan with a little hot
ex- glace vegetables, saute potatoes.