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Cascadia Open Ed Summit


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keynote presentation for Cascadia Open Ed Summit April 2019

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Cascadia Open Ed Summit

  1. 1. Karen Cangialosi Keene State College @karencang Open Pedagogy, Radical Optimism, and the Ideas We Haven’t Yet Heard
  2. 2.
  3. 3. My Open Ed Origin Story
  4. 4. KSC’s Food Pantry – The Hungry Owl
  5. 5. Modified from Ebook vs. textbook by India Edu (CC BY-SA 2.0) Got Textbooks?
  6. 6. CC 0 OER is unique in the way that it makes college more affordable while also improving students’ chances of succeeding.
  7. 7. • Increase in course throughput rates • Improve end-of-course grades and decrease DFW rates for all students • Reduction in DFW rates for minority and Pell eligible students • Lower course withdrawal rates • Higher % of students completing course with a C or better Compilation of results from many studies from colleges/universities in the United States and Canada Students in Courses using OER compared to non-OER
  8. 8. Popsicles by Colored Pencil Magazine [CC BY 2.0]
  9. 9. OER
  10. 10. OER
  11. 11. OER
  12. 12. Open Notebook, Methods and Protocols
  13. 13. Open Data as OER
  14. 14. Free But Not Open
  15. 15. Creative Commons licenses explained ©Foter (adapted by Jisc) via Foter blog CC BY-SA The Open License Not just “free”, but Open.
  16. 16. • Reuse • Revise • Remix • Redistribute • Retain FREE as in Freedom (the 5 R’s)
  17. 17. Open Educational Resources by Ron Mader [CC BY 2.0] • Digital • Multimedia • Downloadable • Adaptable • Current • Public • Openly Licensed • Free OER
  18. 18. “Using OER the same way we used commercial textbooks misses the point. It’s like driving an airplane down the road.” – David Wiley
  19. 19. • “Traditional” OER as textbook (e.g. pressbooks) • Ancillary materials: test banks, study guides, lesson plans, etc • Curated links on websites • Open Google Docs • Open Access published articles • Open Datasets • Open Lab notebooks and Methods repositories • Open Videos • Open Lab Simulations • Open Source software/tools • and more… Popsicles by Colored Pencil Magazine [CC BY 2.0] OER
  20. 20. Open Pedagogy • Community and collaboration, sharing resources, ideas and power • Connection to the wider public • Learners contribute to, not just consume knowledge • Student Agency, Learner-driven • Critical approach to the use of tools and technology ‘Floor at domains17’ by Karen Cangialosi [CC BY 4.0] Modified from content by Robin DeRosa
  21. 21. OPEN is about Access Learning Structure Design Knowledge Knowledge Creation Knowledge Sharing Community Participation
  22. 22. “When my students gain access to knowledge, I want it to be part of a larger invitation: we trust that you have important lessons to teach the world, and we trust that the knowledge you access today will be changed by your perspective, that you will open doors to new ideas that we, your current teachers, never could have taught you.” – Robin DeRosa, University of the Margins
  23. 23. Open Pedagogy Lollipops by Andrew Malone [CC BY 2.0]
  24. 24. Open Pedagogy
  25. 25. Open Pedagogy
  26. 26. Domain of One’s Own Open Pedagogy
  27. 27. • Interactive • Collaborative • Contributory • Dynamic • Empowering • Participatory Open Pedagogy
  28. 28. “Contribute to, not just consume from, the knowledge commons” -Robin DeRosa Open Pedagogy
  29. 29. • Students create, remix and openly license work that is shared with others. • Student work lives on past the end of the semester (if they want it to) Non-Disposable Assignments Open Pedagogy
  30. 30. Audience Beyond the Professor, Connecting to the Public Open Pedagogy
  31. 31. “It was a drastic and honestly scary change going from a traditional learning course where I only have my instructor’s opinion to worry about.” - Invertebrate Zoology student
  32. 32. Web Annotation for Community & Collaboration Open Pedagogy
  33. 33. Wiki Education Foundation ( [CC BY SA] Creating/Editing Wikipedia Articles Open Pedagogy
  34. 34. Open Pedagogy
  35. 35. Citizen Science and Open Pedagogy
  36. 36. Shift Learning from transaction to mutual dialogue with Peers, Professionals, Academics, Future Employers, the Public Twitter Research Gate Linked-InOpen Pedagogy
  37. 37. Students write about local contamination sites and potential consequences to humans and wildlife as public service #SciCommOpen Pedagogy
  38. 38. Students Using Open Data to test novel Hypotheses Open Pedagogy
  39. 39. Open Pedagogy Classroom Open Science Research Lab Open Access Communication Open Data Energy Flow and Nutrient Cycling in the Open Ecosystem
  40. 40. “Anxiety" by ASweeneyPhoto CC (BY-NC) More than 60% of college students in the U.S. (in a study of 88,000) said they had experienced “overwhelming anxiety” in the past year, according to a 2018 report from the American College Health Association. Over 40% said they felt so depressed they had difficulty functioning. Source: health-counseling-on-campus.html A National College Health Assessment in spring 2016 found that 44 % of the 43,780 Canadian higher-education students surveyed felt so depressed over the previous year that it was difficult to function, up from 38 % in 2013, while 65 % experienced overwhelming anxiety, up from 57% in 2013. Source: Growing mental-health needs of students require creative solutions. Globe and Mail, Canadian University Report
  41. 41. An atmosphere that places greater value on “achievement” than on learning Standardized tests and assessments that suck the life out of learning Surveillance systems that track, monitor, punish, and insist on compliance
  42. 42. “a stay of execution” “students just know how to work the system” “students will cheat if they can get away with it” “they are grade-grubbers” “they don’t know anything we taught them at the 100 level” Stop Blaming Students
  43. 43. Students can work with faculty to: • Create Content • Write the syllabus • Determine what goes on during class • Write the attendance policy • Determine how they will be graded • Create learning outcomes • Design assignments • Decide what they want to make public • Decide whether or not to openly license their work Trust, Power, and Agency
  44. 44. “The teacher is not just the source of the knowledge, nor are they the facilitator of knowledge, they are the embodiment of knowledge, and who the teacher is, is much more valuable than how or what they teach.” - Taskeen Adam referencing Iman Masmoudi’s ‘Epistemological foundations of Pre-Modern Islamic Pedagogy’
  45. 45. Student Anxiety, Financial stress, Powerlessness Open Pedagogy: Student Trust, Agency, and Empowerment Open Pedagogy: Students Create and Share knowledge Other Systemic Problems: -Economic -Environmental -Social and Cultural Systemic issues in Education: -Standardization -Grades-Focus -Surveillance -High Cost OER: Cost Savings
  46. 46. “As an education major, I was a little upset by this fact… every student should have equal access to this content.”
  47. 47. Kwantlen Polytechnic University (KPU) and Montgomery College, International Partnership
  48. 48. “Education is vital to the creation of individuals capable of becoming critical social agents willing to struggle against injustices and develop the institutions that are crucial to the functioning of a substantive democracy.” -Henry Giroux
  49. 49. “Open is a Process, Not a Panacea” -Robin DeRosa
  50. 50. “On the one hand, open promises to improve access to education and the well-being of livelihoods through practices that enable the sharing of educational content through (largely) digital means (a decidedly modernist narrative in its universalism and approach to progress). On the other hand, it can unwittingly reproduce many of the existing inequities of the systems it seeks to change.” Can we decolonize OER/Open? Taskeen Adam, Maha Bali, Cheryl Hodgkinson-Williams, Tannis Morgan
  51. 51. Don’t start with the tools CC 0
  52. 52. • What are ways to make education more accessible and equitable for ALL students? Open for Whom? • How do we keep the real life circumstances of our students in mind when we design learning experiences? • How can we provide transformational (not just transactional) experiences for our students? • How might we inspire students to become agents of social change? • How do we design the “University of the Margins” (as per Robin DeRosa)?
  53. 53. “Optimism is a Discipline, Not an Emotion” -Kate Bowles
  54. 54. Except where otherwise noted, this work by Karen Cangialosi is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License Follow me on twitter @karencang “The next world will be built by the ideas we haven’t yet heard…” - Robin DeRosa