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Idealism vs. Pragmatism and the identity crisis of OER advocacy #oeglobal


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Presentation on March 8, 2017 at the Open Education Global Conference in Cape Town, South Africa #OEglobal

Published in: Education
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Idealism vs. Pragmatism and the identity crisis of OER advocacy #oeglobal

  1. 1. Pragmatism vs. Idealism The identity crisis of OER advocacy Rajiv Jhangiani, Ph.D. Open Studies Teaching Fellow & Psychology Instructor, Kwantlen Polytechnic University Senior Open Education Advocacy & Research Fellow, BCcampus Faculty Workshop Facilitator, Open Textbook Network (Unless otherwisenoted)
  2. 2. OER Adoption Estimates (US Higher Ed) 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 Cengage Babson ICBA OnCampus  Research %  of  Faculty %  of  Courses
  3. 3. Free vs. Freedom
  4. 4. Revise Remix Retain Redistribute Reuse
  5. 5. Free + Permissions
  6. 6. Free (+ Permissions)
  7. 7. 66.5% Not  purchase  the  required  textbook 47.6% Take  fewer  courses 45.5% Not  register  for  a  specific  course 37.6% Earn  a  poor  grade 26.1% Drop  a  course 19.8% Fail  a  course €€€ €€€ €€ €€ € €Florida  Virtual  Campus.  (2016).  2016  student  textbook  and  course  materials  survey.  Tallahassee,  FL:  Author.
  8. 8. Allen,  I.  E.  &  Seaman,  J.  (2014).  Opening  the  curriculum:  Open  educational  resources  in  U.S.  higher  education.
  9. 9. “If cost savings were the only goal, then OERs are not the only answer. Materialscould be made free, or subsidized, which are not openly licensed. The intention behind the OER approach is that it has other benefitsalso, in that educatorsadapt their material, and it is also an efficientway to achieve the goal of cost savings, because others will adapt the materialwith the intention of improving its quality, relevanceor currency.
  10. 10. Evolution vs. Revolution
  11. 11. If open educational practices are a game changer, why are OER advocates playing by the rules of the commercial textbook industry?
  12. 12. Textbook Costs and Opportunity Lost: What price-driven decisions are costing students Improving Access, Affordability, and Achievement with Digital Delivery Shifting to digital delivery of course materials can help students avoid these opportunity costs by providing digital, day-one access to required course materials to every student at a more affordable price. Learn more at 1 Feldstein, A., Martin, M., Hudson, A., Warren, K., Hilton III, J., & Wiley, D. (2012). Open textbooks and increased student access and outcomes. European Journal of Open, Distance and E-Learning. 4 Paulsen, M. B., & St John, E. P. (2002). Social class and college costs: Examining the financial nexus between college choice and persistence. The Journal of Higher Education, 73(2), 189–236. Research has shown a positive correlation between access to course materials and completion rates and grades.1–5 And yet, one survey of more than 22,000 college students found, as many as As the survey uncovered, the decisions students make in light of the price of textbooks may cost them opportunity in the long run.6 of students opt out of buying required course materials for the first day of class.64% report dropping a course 27% of students 1 report taking fewer courses per semester 49% of students report not registering for a course 45% of students 1 2 3 4 report failing a course 17% of students
  13. 13. “Fundamentally, I don’t want to be part of a movement that is focused on replacing static, over-priced textbooks with static, free textbooks
  14. 14. Resources vs. Practices
  15. 15. “When faculty ask themselves ‘what else can I do because of these permissions?’, we’ve come within striking distance of realizing the full power of open.
  16. 16. Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development
  17. 17. Trust  vs.  Mistrust Infancy Autonomy  vs.  Shame Early  Childhood Initiative  vs.  Guilt Play  Age Industry  vs.  Inferiority School  Age Identity  vs.  Role  Confusion Adolescence Intimacy  vs.  Isolation Young  Adulthood Generativity  vs.  Stagnation Adulthood Integrity  vs.  Despair Late  Adulthood
  18. 18. Pragmatism vs. Idealism
  19. 19. A toolkit for different conditions
  20. 20. OER active OER as facilitator OER consumers
  21. 21. The next phase(s)
  22. 22. “Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world
  23. 23. @thatpsychprof