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Autism Awareness


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Autism Awareness

  1. 1. AutismAwareness<br />By: Kaitlin Brennan<br />Mrs. Oren <br />Period 1 <br /> Google Images<br />
  2. 2. Overview <br />Thesis <br />History<br />Types<br />Signs/Prevention<br />Video Clip <br />Class Activity <br />Conclusion <br />
  3. 3. Personal Relevance <br />Surroundings <br />Want to make a difference <br />Help others <br />
  4. 4. AudienceRelevance<br />Why listen?<br />May affect you <br />Learn more for the future <br />
  5. 5. Thesis<br />Autism spectrum disorder starts out at a young age and continues into adulthood with delays in social interaction, communication, and different skills that are developed. Even though there have been new studies and advances there is still no cure and that is why we never stop trying to solve the puzzle. <br />
  6. 6. Definition <br />Etc.<br />
  7. 7. History<br />The word “autism” has been used for over 100 years<br />Autism comes from “Autos”; Greek<br />EugenBleuler, first to discover in 1911<br />Emotionally disturbed children <br /><br />
  8. 8. History Continued …<br />Leo Kanner, first to introduce autism to the world<br />1960’s; medical researchers had an understanding of autism<br />1980’s and 90’s; when learning facilities opened for autism<br />Present; Many studies of autism and what it really is<br /><br />
  9. 9. What is Autism <br />A Severe developmental disorder<br />First signs begin at birth or early childhood<br />Affects a child socially, mentally, and emotionally<br />All cases range <br /><br />Google Images<br />
  10. 10. Signs of Autism <br />3 main problem areas <br />Social, language, and behavior <br />Children diagnosed with autism usually have different symptoms <br /> Signs first start at early infancy of the child<br />Unique Behavior<br /><br />
  11. 11. Social Skills <br />Fails to respond to his or her name<br /> Poor eye contact<br />Tends not to listen at times<br />Restrains themselves from cuddling and holding<br />Is Unaware of others feelings<br />Prefers playing alone <br /><br />
  12. 12. Language Skills <br />Begins talking later than other children<br />Loses the ability to say words or sentences<br />Does not make eye contact when asking questions<br />Speaks with an abnormal tone; might use different voices to talk with<br />Unable to hold a conversation<br />May repeat words or phrases, but doesn't understand how to use them<br /><br />
  13. 13. Behavior Skills <br />Has repetitive movement; rocking, spinning or hand-flapping<br />Specific routines <br />Becomes upset at the any change in routines <br />Moves constantly<br />Fascinated by parts of an object<br />Ex. : The spinning wheels of a toy car<br /><br />
  14. 14. The mystery <br />Where is the cure?<br />Why is every case different?<br />Will there ever be a cure? <br />Solve the puzzle <br /><br />
  15. 15. Solve the puzzle <br />The banner- stands for the complexity and mystery of autism<br />Puzzle pieces- stand for hope in finding a cure<br /><br />Google Images<br />
  16. 16. Causes <br />30%-50% cases inherited<br />Brain dysfunctions<br />Genetic disorder, involves several genes <br />Unclear what causes the genes to mutate <br /><br />Google images<br />
  17. 17. Common?<br />Past- 5 children in 10,000<br />Present- 60 children in 10,000, since the 1990’s <br />1 in every 150 <br />More common for boys than girls 4 to 1<br /><br />
  18. 18. Who does this affect? <br />Boys more likely <br />1.5 million Americans <br />24,000 infants<br /><br />
  19. 19. Genetic? <br />Usually more than one autistic child in a family<br />Chromosome 13<br />Passed on<br /><br />
  20. 20. Types of Autism <br />Autism Spectrum Disorder <br />Pervasive development disorder (PDD)<br />Asperger's syndrome<br />Rett syndrome<br />- Only known to be diagnosed in girls <br />Childhood disintegrative disorder<br /><br />
  21. 21. Pervasive development disorder (PDD)<br />Delays in development of basic skills <br />Confused in many areas<br />Age 3 symptoms show<br />“Pervasive” – to be present throughout<br />Communicating, Routines, Temper, and Behavior problems <br /><br />
  22. 22. Asperger’s Syndrome <br />Difficult to interact with others<br />Traits of autism <br />Symptoms improve as the person grows older<br />Rare disorder <br /><br />
  23. 23. Treatment <br />Varies on the different needs<br />3 Categories<br />behavior and communication therapy<br />medical and dietary therapy<br />complementary therapy<br /><br />
  24. 24. How is Autism Treated? <br />One affective treatment <br />Educational program for all ages<br />Individual classes <br />Taught how to interact and communicate<br />Parents kept up to date <br /><br />
  25. 25. Applied behavior analysis (ABA) treatment<br />Young children<br />Teaching basic skills<br />One-on-one <br />Programs held at child’s home<br /><br />
  26. 26. Medicine Treatment ?<br />Behavior emotional problems<br />Aggression<br />Risperidone<br /><br />
  27. 27. Future Treatments <br />Researchers, parents, professors <br />Finding a cure<br />Techniques and Treatments<br />Improving the quality of life <br /><br />
  28. 28. Tests and Exams<br />Screen tests at anearly age<br />Identifying the signs<br />Behavior<br />Physical tests<br /><br />
  29. 29. Help the Cause<br />Websites<br />Getting Involved <br />Walk Events <br />Being Informed<br /><br />
  30. 30. The Way I See It <br />Every 20 minutes another child is diagnosed with autism. It’s much more common than people think, with one out of every 150 children diagnosed. Learn the early warning signs of autism, and if you’re concerned about your child’s development, talk to your doctor. Early intervention could make a big difference in your child’s future.<br />- Bob Write <br />
  31. 31. Diagnoses<br />Normal development until age 3 <br />Shows signs, begins medical and physical examinations<br />MRI examination<br />Unusual amount of reflexes; weakness on one side of the body <br /><br />
  32. 32. Autism Awareness Month <br />Since 1970’s<br />Increasing the awareness <br />April – your chance to get involved<br />Wear your ribbon<br /><br />
  33. 33. Interaction <br />Slow to act upon<br />Tends to keep to themselves <br />Rather play inside then outside<br />Shows little emotion<br />
  34. 34. Affects on the Brain <br />
  35. 35. Why is Autism called “Autism Spectrum Disorder?”<br />Common features <br />Mild and Severe symptoms<br />3 types<br /><br />
  36. 36. Prevention <br />Avoid taking medications/drugs/ alcohol <br />Chemical exposure during pregnancy<br />After birth; early treatment and diagnosis <br />National Institute of Child Health and Development<br />20 infants with an older sibling with autism will develop autism <br /><br />
  37. 37. Sensory Issues <br />Sensitive<br />Left Alone<br />Trouble balancing senses<br /><br />
  38. 38. Child’s Rights <br />Education for a every grade level <br />The individuals with Disabilities Education Act <br />Free and public education<br />Individual education<br /><br />
  39. 39. Autism in an Adult’s eye <br />In school until age 22 <br />Finding a job to meet their needs<br />Programs to help them throughout the other years<br />Community help <br /><br />
  40. 40. They think… <br />Therefore they are more than a diagnosis <br />
  41. 41. Application<br />Jewelry <br />Letters to parents<br />Talent show <br />Organizing <br />
  42. 42. Video Clip <br />Talent Show …<br />
  43. 43. Class Activity<br />Hand Out<br />Wright with your less dominate hand<br />Take puzzle piece <br />Please write something meaningful and it will ne handed to one of the students in the class <br />
  44. 44. Conclusion <br />This project was a great experience for me and now I know what I want to do with my future. I have worked with Miss Egan’s class since the beginning of the year and I am going to miss them so much when I leave this year. If there is one thing that this project has taught me its that, don’t judge someone before you know them they may be smarter than you think. <br />
  45. 45. Works Cited<br />Blakeley-Smith, Audrey. “A Model for Assessing and Treating Problem Behavior Associated With Curricular Difficulties in Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders.” Environmental Fit: n. pag. EBSCO Eldercare. Web. 23 Nov. 2009. <‌ehost/‌delivery?vid=13&hid=3&sid=>.<br />Carey, Benedict. “Autism Diagnoses Rising, U.S. Reports. .” Childhood (Oct. 6): p. 6. ebrary. Web. 21 Nov. 2009. <‌ehost/‌delivery?vid=14&hid=3&sid>.<br />Coates, Heather. “Autism Spectrum Disorders: Wading Through the Controversies on the Web.” Autism Spectrum Disorders: Vol. 28 Issue 3, p259-267, 9p. EBSCO Eldercare. Web. 22 Nov. 2009. <‌ehost/‌delivery?vid=12&hid=3&sid=>.<br />Gillis, Jennifer, et al. “Prevalence and Intervention Effectiveness. .” Fear of Routine Physical Exams in Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders 24.3: p. 156-168. ebrary. Web. 20 Nov. 2009. <‌ehost/‌delivery?vid=13&hid=3&sid>.<br />
  46. 46. Works Cited<br />Hilsheimer, George. How to Live with your Special Child. Washington, D.C.: Acropolis books, 1970. Print.<br />Myles, Brenda, et al. Autism Spectrum Disorders . Westport, Connecticut : Greenwood Publishing Group, Inc. , 2007. Print.<br />Sousa, David A. How the Special Needs Brain Learns. Thousand Oaks, California : Corwin Press Inc. , 2001. Print.<br />Autism Society. “What is Autism?” Autism Society Improving the Lives of all Affected by Autism. N.p., 5 June 2009. Web. 2 Mar. 2010. <‌site/‌PageServer?pagename=about_whatis>.<br />Howlin, Patricia. Teaching Children With Autism to Mind-Read : A Practical Guide for Teachers and Parents . New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Baffins Lame, Chichester, West Sussex , 1999 . Print.<br />Mayo Clinic. “Symptoms .” Mayo Clinic . N.p., 8 Apr. 2010. Web. 10 Apr. 2010. <‌health/‌autism/‌ds00348/‌dsection=symptoms>.<br />
  47. 47. Works Cited<br />Rudy, Lisa Jo. “What Causes Autism?” N.p., 11 Mar. 2009. Web. 2 Apr. 2010. <‌od/‌whatisautism/‌p/‌autismcauses.htm>.<br />Siegel, Bryna. The World of the Autistic Child . Oxford New York : Oxford University Press, Inc. , 1996 . Print.<br />USA Today. “Autism .” Health Encyclopedia- Diseases and Conditions . N.p., 1 Apr. 2009 . Web. 5 Apr. 2010. <‌ency/‌68/‌317/‌main.html>.<br />Web MD. “History of Autism.” Web MD Better Information Better Health . N.p., 2005. Web. 1 Mar. 2010. <‌brain/‌autism/‌history-of-autism>.<br />