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Autism Sgp


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Autism Sgp

  1. 1. Autism<br />
  2. 2. Overview<br />Causes<br />Treatment<br />Diagnosis<br />Symptoms <br />High functioning/ Low functioning<br />Autism in schools<br />Everyday tasks<br />Class activity<br />
  3. 3. Thesis<br />Despite the aggressive behaviors of a child with autism and the inability to communicate with them, a person working with an autistic child can have a very rewarding experience.<br />
  4. 4. Personal Relevance<br />Started in 7th grade<br />Community service<br />
  5. 5. AudienceRelevance<br />Awareness<br />Understanding <br />Support <br />
  6. 6. Overview<br />Developmental disability<br />Affects abilities to communicate and interact with others<br />Symptoms range from mild to severe<br />*QwdOQAIbbRSeJiPhOA2Aco73Io7CKio1AeUfUU4AQ62D5sp9V1dV-qBjpJy-Pi0xL/autism3large.jpg<br />
  7. 7. Facts<br />In about 5% of autism cases, another disorder is present. (Turkington, 20)<br />Almost six times as many boys as girls develop autism. (Childs Health Alert, 86)<br />Autism affects 1 in 110 children<br />1 in 70 boys (<br />
  8. 8. Causes<br />No definite cause<br />Accepted cause:<br />abnormalities in brain structure or function<br />Brain scans<br />Differences in shape and structure<br /><br />
  9. 9.<br />Function, movement, behavior<br />Regulationofmovement<br />Behavior<br />Communication<br />Memory<br />Speaking, motor skills<br />
  10. 10. Probable Causes<br />Genetics<br />Medical conditions<br />Fragile X Syndrome<br />Congenital rubella syndrome<br />Harmful substances ingested during pregnancy<br /><br /><ul><li>Environmental
  11. 11. Toxins
  12. 12. Heavy metal ex: mercury
  13. 13. Cannot detoxify substances</li></li></ul><li>Treatment<br />
  14. 14. Diagnosis<br />Behaviors may show during early childhood years or early months of birth.<br />Observe<br />Communication<br />Developmental levels<br />Behaviors<br />Medical test<br />(Fergus, page 27)<br />
  15. 15. Who Makes a Diagnosis?<br />Developmental pediatrician<br /><br /><ul><li>Child psychiatrist
  16. 16. Clinical psychologist
  17. 17. Occupational therapist
  18. 18. Physical therapist
  19. 19. Speech/language therapist
  20. 20. Social worker</li></li></ul><li>Signs<br />Lack of or delay in spoken language<br />Repetitive use of language and/or motor mannerisms<br />Little or no eye contact<br />Lack of interest in peer relationships<br />Lack of spontaneous or make believe play<br />Persistent fixation on parts of objects<br />Covering of ears<br /><br />
  21. 21. Symptoms<br />
  22. 22. Infants & Children<br />Infants<br />Won’t cuddle<br />Avoid eye contact<br />Rigid when held<br />Cry when picked up<br />Show little interest in human contact<br />Won’t respond to name<br />Child<br />Doesn’t smile or lift arms<br />Does not form attachment to parents<br />Does not learn typical childhood games<br />May not speak<br />(Turkington, pages 16-17)<br />
  23. 23. Communication<br />Cannot start or maintain a social conversation<br />Communicates with gestures instead of words<br />Develops language slowly or not at all<br />Does not refer to self correctly<br />Repeats words or memorized passages, such as commercials<br /><br />
  24. 24. Social Interaction <br />Does not make friends<br />Does not play interactive games<br />Is withdrawn<br />May not respond to eye contact or smiles, or may avoid eye contact<br />Prefers to spend time alone, rather than with others<br /><br />
  25. 25. Sensory Information<br />Does not startle at loud noises<br />May find normal noises painful and hold hands over ears<br />May withdraw from physical contact because it is over stimulating or overwhelming<br />Rubs surfaces, mouths or licks objects<br />Seems to have a heightened or low response to pain<br /><br />
  26. 26. Play<br /><br />
  27. 27. Behavior<br />"Acts up" with intense tantrums<br />Has a short attention span<br />Has very narrow interests<br />Shows aggression to others or self<br />Shows a strong need for sameness<br />Uses repetitive body movements<br /><br />
  28. 28. High FunctioningV.SLow Functioning<br />
  29. 29. Low Functioning<br />Mot severe end of spectrum<br />Little awareness of surroundings<br />Impairment in developmental areas<br />Mentally handicapped<br />Socially impaired<br /><br />
  30. 30. Symptoms of Low Functioning Autism<br />Odd behaviors, rituals and gestures that are apparent to others <br />More likely to self injury<br />Few expectations <br />Severe memory impairment <br />Suffer from epilepsy <br />Display severe disabilities<br />Receptive and expressive language skills<br /><br />
  31. 31. Areas of Focus<br />Educational opportunities<br />Physical limitations<br />Behavior limitations<br />Achievement abilities<br />Functional skills<br /><br />
  32. 32. High Functioning<br />Mildest<br />Similar to Asperger Syndrome<br />Socially aware<br />Good language skills<br />Appear to be “normal”<br /><br />
  33. 33. Communication<br />Speech and language delays<br />Developed vocabularies<br />Speak in awkward, high pitched or monotone style<br />Difficulties with receptive language<br /><br />
  34. 34. Behavioral Issues<br />Strong compulsion to adhere to strict routines<br />Does not handle changes well<br />Simple transitions cause anxiety <br /><br />
  35. 35.
  36. 36. Sensory Issues<br />Hyper-sensitive to:<br />Sounds<br />Smells<br />Textures<br />Lighting conditions <br />Colors<br />Hypo-sensitive to:<br />Cold<br />Heat<br />Discomfort<br />Pain<br /><br />
  37. 37. Sensory Issues Continued<br />Sensory overload leads to:<br />Rocking<br />Twirling<br />Hand flapping<br />Repetitive sounds<br /><br />
  38. 38. Comparing the Two<br />Function in daily living<br />Doctors define impairment based on IQ<br />Less than 80: low functioning<br />Greater than 80: high functioning<br /><br />
  39. 39. Doctor’s Scale<br />Educable: Those with an IQ score from 55 to 70. <br />Trainable: Those with an IQ score from 40 to 70. <br />Severely Limited: Those with an IQ score from 25 to 40. <br />Profound: Those with an IQ score under 25. <br /><br />
  40. 40. A Person May Have Autism If…<br /><br />
  41. 41. School<br />
  42. 42. Autism In Schools<br />Depends on severity<br />Normal classes<br />Special classes<br />Cannot be grouped together<br />IEP<br /><br />
  43. 43. Teaching Autistic Children<br />Structured day<br />Visual thinkers<br /><ul><li>Teachers firm, but gentile
  44. 44. Avoid long verbal instructions
  45. 45. Type instead of write</li></ul><br />
  46. 46.
  47. 47. “If I can’t picture it, <br />I can’t understand it.”<br />
  48. 48. AutismRibbon<br />Puzzle<br />Mystery and complexity<br />Colors<br />Diversity <br />Brightness<br />HOPE! <br /><br />
  49. 49. Handling Everyday Tasks<br />
  50. 50. Clothing Choice<br />Picky<br />Fabrics<br />Uncomfortable<br />Enjoyable<br />Buy what they’re willing to wear<br />Express themselves<br /><br />
  51. 51. Hygiene <br />Remind<br />Comb hair<br />Brush teeth<br />Low functioning needs tasks done for them<br /><br />
  52. 52. Relation<br />Hope<br />Teach smaller aspects of life to make connections<br />Learn their quirks<br />Better communication<br />Understanding of each other <br /><br />
  53. 53.
  54. 54. Learn to Live<br />One step and day at a time<br />Adjustments become routine<br />Daily rituals ordinary<br /><br />
  55. 55. Application<br />
  56. 56. Community Service<br />
  57. 57. Theatre Horizon Autism Drama Outreach<br />Uses dramatic techniques<br />Inspires imaginary play<br />Encourage interests in human relationships<br /><br />
  58. 58. Approach<br />Influenced by therapies and programs<br />Son-Rise approach<br />Floor time therapy<br />Acting lesson<br />Encourage relationships and creative play<br />Teach basics of drama<br />3 E’s<br /><br />
  59. 59. Goals<br />Help students feel good about themselves while engaging in dramatic play with an accepting and encouraging friend<br />Inspire imagination and flexible thinking<br />Help children find their voice<br />Teach social skills in a fun positive way<br /><br />
  60. 60. Schedule<br />
  61. 61.
  62. 62. Works Cited<br />“Autism.” Medicine Plus. N.p., 12 May 2009. Web. 10 May 2010. <‌medlineplus/‌ency/‌article/‌001526.htm>.<br />“Autism Drama Outreach Program.” Theatre Horizon. N.p., 2010. Web. 10 May 2010. <‌web2.0/‌education/‌autism.html>.<br />“Autism Ribbon.” Autism Ribbon. N.p., 2010. Web. 10 May 2010. <>.<br />Baker, Sandy. “Low Functioning Autism.” Love to Know. N.p., 16 Sept. 2009. Web. 10 May 2010. <‌Low_Functioning_Autism>.<br />Brownell, Mary T, and Chriss Walther-Thomas. “Steven Shore: Understanding the Autism Spectrum--What Teachers Need to Know.” Elibrary. ProQuest, 1 May 2001. Web. 2 Nov. 2009. <‌elibweb/‌elib/‌do/‌document?set=search&dictionaryClick=&secondaryNav=&groupid=1&requestid=lib_standard&resultid=3&edition=&ts=E14C18B6238E924A06103C468DC1FF4A_1259811820941&start=1&publicationId=&urn=urn%3Abigchalk%3AUS%3BBCLib%3>. <br />Butter, Eric M, Jacqueline Wynn, and James A Mulick. “Early Intervention Critical to Autism Treatment.” Elibrary. ProQuest, 10 Oct. 2003. Web. 2 Nov. 2009. <‌elibweb/‌elib/‌do/‌document?set=search&dictionaryClick=&secondaryNav=&groupid=1&requestid=lib_standard&resultid=3&edition=&ts=E14C18B6238E924A06103C468DC1FF4A_1259810570321&start=1&publicationId=&urn=urn%3Abigchalk%3AUS%3BBCLib%3>. <br />Cross, Jim, et al. My Name Is Joel. Youtube. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 May 2010. <>.<br />
  63. 63. Works Cited<br />Exkorn, Karen Siff, and Fred R Volkmar M.D. The Autism Sourcebook. New York, New York: HarperCollins Inc, 2006. Print. <br />Fox Interactive Media, Alex Welch, and Darren Crystal. Photobucket. N.p., 2010. Web. 10 May 2010. <>.<br />Grandin, Temple. “Teaching Tips for Children and Adults with Autism.” Autism Research Institute. N.p., Dec. 2002. Web. 10 May 2010. <‌families/‌therapy/‌teaching_tips.htm>.<br />Grossman, Lee. “About Autism.” Autism Society. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Dec. 2009. <‌site/‌PageServer>. <br />Laura. Dominic’s Autistic Meltdowns. Youtube. N.p., 16 Apr. 2008. Web. 12 May 2010. <>.<br />Locke, Kirsten. “Everyday Life with Autism.” Suite 101. N.p., 26 June 2007. Web. 10 May 2010. <‌article.cfm/‌everyday_life_with_autism>.<br />“Materials Exchange.” Speaking of Speech. Mayer-Johnson Co., 2005. Web. 10 May 2010. <‌Materials_Exchange.html>.<br />Page, Larry, and Sergey Brin. Google Images. N.p., 2010. Web. 10 May 2010. <‌imghp?hl=en&tab=wi>.<br />Rimland, Dr. Bernard, and Dr. Ruth Sullivan. Autism Society. Autism Advocate, 2010. Web. 10 May 2010. <>.<br />Rodriguez, Ana Maria. Autism and Aspergers Syndrome. Minneapolis, MN: Twenty-First Century, 2009. Print. <br />
  64. 64. Works Cited<br />Secor, Melinda L. “High Function Autism Symptoms.” Love to Know. N.p., 18 Nov. 2008. Web. 10 May 2010. <‌High_Function_Autism_Symptoms>.<br />Turkington, Carol A, and Temple Grandin. Perspectives On Diseases & Disorders Autism. Farmington Hills, MI: Greenhaven, 2008. Print. Wright, Bob, and Suzanne Wright. “Be Informed.” Autism Speaks. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Dec. 2009. <>. <br />
  65. 65. Class Activity<br />Autism visual s<br />
  66. 66. Conclusion<br />
  67. 67. Re-Cap<br />Developmental disability<br />Affects abilities to communicate and interact with others<br />Boys more likely to have autism<br />No cause<br />Possible treatments<br />High functioning and low functioning<br />
  68. 68. Conclusion<br />