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Autism powerpoint

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Autism powerpoint

  1. 1. Autism is a developmental disorder that appears in the first 3 years of life, and affects the brain's normal development of social and communication skills. By: Brittany Allen
  2. 2. Early signs of Autism <ul><li>Delayed or lack of speech.
  3. 3. Repetitive movement of body such as Arms, and head.
  4. 4. Impaired social skills.
  5. 5. Interest in activities or play.
  6. 6. Seldom eye contact with others. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Children and Autism <ul><li>Autism effects boys 3-4 times more then girls.
  8. 8. Family income, education, and lifestyle don't seem to effect the risk of autism.
  9. 9. Exact number of children living with autism is not known. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Related Developmental Disorder <ul><li>Asperger Syndrome (similar to autism but with normal language development).
  11. 11. Rett Syndrome(Very different from autism, and only occurs in females).
  12. 12. Childhood Disintegrative Disorder (Rare condition where a child learns skills, then looses them by age 10).
  13. 13. Pervasive Developmental Disorder (Also called typical autism). </li></ul>
  14. 14. Symptoms <ul><li>Children with difficulties usually have trouble with:
  15. 15. Pretend play.
  16. 16. Social interactions
  17. 17. Verbal and non-verbal communication.
  18. 18. Usually it is not noticed that the child has something wrong until they are at the age of 18 months old.
  19. 19. Help is usually not seeked until the child is about 2 years of age. </li></ul><ul><li>Some children appear normal before the age of 1 or 2 and then suddenly “regress” and lose language or social skills.
  20. 20. When they loose these skills at the age of 1 or 2 it is called the regressive type of autism.
  21. 21. Some people with autism may also be sensitive to sight, hearing, touch, smell, or taste. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Social Interaction <ul><li>Very withdrawn.
  23. 23. Does not play interactive games well with others.
  24. 24. Is not very good at making friends.
  25. 25. Does not respond very well with eye contact or smiles and almost always avoids eye contact.
  26. 26. Shows a lack of empathy.
  27. 27. Prefers to spend time by themselves, rather then with others. </li></ul>
  28. 28. <ul>I can't tell you how I feel </ul>
  29. 29. Play and Behavior <ul><li>Play:
  30. 30. Does not imitate others.
  31. 31. Prefers solitary or ritualistic play.
  32. 32. Does not pretend play.
  33. 33. Does not imaginative play. </li></ul><ul><li>Behavior:
  34. 34. Acts up.
  35. 35. Short attention span.
  36. 36. Strong need for sameness.
  37. 37. Narrow interests. </li></ul>
  38. 38. Signs and Tests <ul><li>Babbling by 12 months.
  39. 39. Gesturing by 12 months (Pointing or waving).
  40. 40. Saying single words by 16 months.
  41. 41. Saying two-word spontaneous phrases by 24 months.
  42. 42. Losing any language or social skills at any age.
  43. 43. These children should receive a hearing test, blood/lead test, and screening test since they show signs of autism. </li></ul>
  44. 44. All I can d o is be me!
  45. 45. Medicine <ul>Medicines are often used to treat behavior or emotional that people with autism may have, including: </ul><ul><li>Aggression
  46. 46. Anxiety
  47. 47. Attention Problems
  48. 48. Hyperactivity
  49. 49. Irritability
  50. 50. Mood Swings
  51. 51. Sleep difficulty....etc. </li></ul>
  52. 52. Treatment <ul><li>Treatment is most successful when it is applied toward the child's needs. An experienced team should design the treatment for that particular child's needs. Those programs include:
  53. 53. ABA (applied Behavior Analysis).
  54. 54. Medications depending on the behavior.
  55. 55. Occupational therapy.
  56. 56. Physical Therapy.
  57. 57. Speech-language therapy. </li></ul>
  58. 59. Response to Sensory Information <ul><li>Does not get startled or get unfocused by loud noises.
  59. 60. Has low senses of sight, hearing, touch, smell or taste.
  60. 61. May stay away from physical contact because it is overwhelming or to hard to handle/take in.
  61. 62. Rubs surfaces, mouth, or licks objects.
  62. 63. Has a high tolerance for pain. </li></ul>
  63. 64. Diet <ul><li>It has been shown that some children with autism react well to gluten-free foods.
  64. 65. Gluten is found in foods that have wheat, rye, and barley.
  65. 66. Not all studies have been proven that a diet change works to help people with autism, but it has been shown that it helps! </li></ul>
  66. 68. References <ul><li>Autismsupport.dmum.org
  67. 69. Http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0002494/
  68. 70. Google images </li></ul>
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