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Disability Project - ASD


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Autism Spectrum Disorder

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Disability Project - ASD

  1. 1. Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders { Presented by: Caitlin McGowan January 2014
  2. 2.    Autism is a lifelong developmental disability that is best described as a collection of behavioral symptoms. The extent and severity of those symptoms provide a range of diagnoses referred to as autism spectrum disorders. Autism was identified as a special education category in 1990. Defining Autism
  3. 3.      “Classic” or Kanner’s Autism Asperger’s syndrome PDD-NOS (Pervasive Developmental DisorderNot Otherwise Specified) Rett’s disorder Childhood disintegrative disorder Autism Spectrum Disorders
  4. 4.  Defined as: children who exhibit severely disordered verbal and nonverbal language and unusual behavior patterns. “Classic” or Kanner’s Autism
  5. 5.     This is one of the most common autism spectrum disorders. Approximately 1 in 500 school-age children are diagnosed with Asperger’s. Individuals with Asperger’s may have many of the social and behavioral characteristics of autism but, importantly, without any marked delays in language and cognitive development. They experience difficulties in social functioning and relationships, but not in intelligence or language skills. Asperger’s syndrome
  6. 6.    Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified Also called “high functioning autism” or “atypical autism” Defined as: children who experience nonverbal language difficulties but do not meet the criteria for other PDDs such as autism, Asperger’s syndrome, or Rett’s disorder. PDD-NOS
  7. 7.  A rare genetic neurodegenerative disorder that primarily affects girls, resulting in the loss of social skills, language, and motor development, accompanied by distorted hand movements. Rett’s disorder
  8. 8.  After a few years of normal development, children regress progressively in all areas, including language, social development, and motor development. Childhood disintegrative disorder
  9. 9. “What Is Autism Spectrum Disorder ?”
  10. 10.    Autism statistics from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention identify around 1 in 88 American children as on the autism spectrum. An estimated 1 out of 54 boys and 1 in 252 girls are diagnosed with autism in the United States. ASD affects over 2 million individuals in the U.S. and tens of millions worldwide. How common is Autism?
  11. 11.       As we learned in the YouTube video, every individual on the autism spectrum is unique. They exhibit different kinds of behaviors, from mild to severe. Many have exceptional abilities in visual skills, music, and academic skills. About 40% have average to above average intellectual abilities Others have a significant disability and are unable to live independently. About 25% are nonverbal but can learn to communicate using other means. What does it mean to be "on the spectrum”?
  12. 12.  The next few slides will cover websites that can be used as resources for gathering information and providing services within the community. Useful Resources
  13. 13.       Autism Speaks was founded in 2005 by Bob and Suzanne Wright, grandparents of a child with autism. Their friend donated $25 million to help financially launch the organization. Since then, Autism Speaks has grown into the world's leading autism science and advocacy organization. The mission of Autism Speaks is to change the future for all who struggle with autism spectrum disorders. They are dedicated to funding global biomedical research into the causes, prevention, treatments and a possible cure for autism. They also raise public awareness about autism and its effects on individuals, families, and society. Autism Speaks
  14. 14.    The Autism Society of America is a national organization for parents, professionals, and individuals with autism. Their mission is to improve the lives of all who are affected by autism. The Autism Society is a great resource that includes education, services, research, and support. Autism Society of America
  15. 15.    This is a blog about a day in the life of a single mom raising a teenager and a child with autism. Her goal is to give away all that she has learned and experienced in hopes that it will help families raising a child with autism. Throughout the blog, she opens up her world and share her joys, knowledge, lessons, disappointments, challenges, frustrations, fears and successes - one day at a time. Autism - Day by Day
  16. 16. “I Want to Say”
  17. 17.  The next few slides touch on various devices in assistive technology that can help an individual with autism manage successfully within the community. Assistive Technology
  18. 18.      TapToTalk is an app that displays a page of pictures on the screen. When you tap a picture, TapToTalk plays a word or sentence and displays another page of pictures. Each of those pictures can lead to another page, and so on. For example, a picture representing Food can lead to a page with pictures of Fruit, Vegetables, Sandwiches, Snacks and other foods. Overall, this app can be used to give nonverbal individuals with autism a voice. TapToTalk
  19. 19.   This app can be very beneficial for an individual with a developmental disability, like Autism. It allows you to create visual supports such as       First Then boards Visual schedules Task analyses Social stories Choice boards Video models First Then Visual Schedule HD
  20. 20.     Kids with autism often have difficulty recognizing emotions and facial expressions. This app, created by, uses social stories and simple illustrations to show what different feelings look like. It also explains why people may feel a certain way. It's excellent for use in special education classrooms and could even be beneficial during speech therapy sessions. Emotions and Feelings - Autism
  21. 21. “What it’s like to have a Brother with Autism”
  22. 22.        Not all siblings will experience these stressful issues, but here are some to be aware of: Embarrassment around peers Jealousy regarding amount of time parents spend with their brother/sister Frustration over not being able to engage or get a response from their brother/sister Being the target of aggressive behaviors Concern regarding their parents' stress and grief Concern over their role in future caregiving Siblings
  23. 23.  The recommended focus of curriculum and instruction for individuals with autism varies greatly depending on each child’s abilities and needs. Teaching Strategies and Accommodations
  24. 24. "Effective use of Teacher Supports"
  25. 25.     Autism Spectrum Disorder is a lifelong developmental disability that is best described as a collection of behavioral symptoms. It greatly affects the areas of communication, cognition, and social behavior. Early intervention is a key factor for improving the prognosis of children with autism. Technology plays an increasingly important role in the interventions used to teach social, vocational, and independent living skills to individuals with autism. Overview
  26. 26.       “Exceptional Children” and Youth by Nancy Hunt and Kathleen Marshall References
  27. 27. Thank you 