Meeting the Needs of Children
“The youngest son, Jamie, is almost three and is
profoundly autistic, a diagnosis that he was given at 21
months old.The few months after the diagnosis were a
complete roller-coaster of emotion for his family. His
mom will never forget quite how many people she met
and how many times they had to repeat their family
history. Mom spent most of the time crying or chasing
up appointments on the phone. Her husband didn’t
want to talk about it.The older son, who was six at the
time, thought that Jaime was dying because they were
spending so much time at the hospital.”
Jaime has autism he was diagnosis when he was 21 months
old.“Increased diagnosis, more common in boys.” (Class
notes, week 3)
Not fitting in with other children.
Thinking other children or people in society will judge him for
who he is.
Can’t do what most other children can do.
Jamie’s mother was having a difficult time
throughout the path of Jamie’s autistic.The
mother would always have to repeat their
family history to people she knew or met.
Jamie’s father wouldn’t bother talking about
the situation with the mother or feeling
ashamed about his son.
The older son, thought Jamie was going to die
due to the trips to the hospital multiple times.
What is Autism?
Autism is a behavioural disorder where children and adults experience
difficulty of communicating with those around them.“Associated with
repetitive behaviours difficulties in social interactions communication,
making changes, sensitive to sensory stimulation and to develop and
sustain interests.”(Class Notes,Week 3)
Children with autism also have different ways of hearing, seeing, and feeling
and sensitive to those areas.
Autism happens in early brain development to among young children
between the age of 2 and 3 years old.
Some people who has autism can live independently but others needs to
live with extra support from others.
Symptoms of Autism
Social Challenges: Gaze at faces, turn towards voices, grasp a
finger and smile by 2 to 3 months. 8 to 10 months for infants
showing failure to respond to their names, reduced interest in
people, and delay babbling.
Communication Difficulties: Most toddlers say a one or two
word, turn and look when they hear their names, point to objects of
desire or showing.
Repetitive Behaviors: Common behaviors include hand
flapping, repeating sounds, words, and phrases.
Associated Medical Conditions: Genetic Disorders, Seizure
Disorders, Sleep Dysfunction, Sensory Processing Problems and
Modifying the environment of the safety, security, windows,
lighting, noises, smells, colour, layout, bedrooms, bathrooms,
sensory rooms and garden.
Creating a well warmed environment, without involving
physically changes to the environment itself. Strategies using
the principles of SPELL and TEACCH.
Structure: Having incorporating daily structure in their life to
help them predict the events going through the day.
Positive: Having a positive behaviour encouraging those who
have autism to try to new activities at their own pace with
supportive and caring environment.
Empathy: Understanding how people experience autism, help
them to overcome the difficulties.
Low arousal: Always be aware of the activities and lessons in a
calm environment due to some are sensitive with light, noise and
smells around them.
Links: Good communication between co-works, parents, carers
and any other professionals.
Structured Environment: To create a focused and
calm area, think about the different objects, such as
furniture, placed in the room.This will help a person
with autism to adapt to the typical activities that take
place within the room.
Scheduling and Routines: This helps people with
autism to have own daily or weekly timetable.With
this strategy you can have pictures or words or both
to show the child about what will be happening
throughout the day.
Posting up visual pictures with labels of activities, daily/weekly
routines.“Visuals can be presented in several formats ranging
from the most concrete to the most abstract such as: objects,
colour photographs, black and white photographs, colour line
drawings, black and white drawings and miniature objects”
(Class Notes,Week 6)
Have group activities, including the children with autism into
Instructing the activities with support verbal information and
pictures, also giving them opportunities for the student to get
Teaching Strategies Cont.
Some children may be sensitive to light, and colour by
using the device of Light Box it helps the eye-hand
coordination.“They can also assist in the instruction of
eye-hand coordination, visual discrimination, and visual
perceptual skills.” (Class Notes,Week 7)
Using task analysis will help the guiding the child and
instructing the child to do the task step by step.
“Someone children learn by watching and imitating.
Others need the skill to be broken down into smaller
steps.When you break down complex skills into
smaller easier steps to learn, it is calledTask Analysis.”
(Class Notes,Week 9)
Autism Speaks Canada
Autism Canada (http://autismcanada.org/)
Kerrys Place (http://www.kerrysplace.org/)
Geneva Centre for Autism
Autism Speaks Canada
Autism Speaks an organization of research, awareness, advocacy and
family services that founded in 2005 by two grandparents (Bob and Suze
Wright) of a child with autism.
The mission of this organization is for us globally help the children and
adults speak for them about autism helping to bring more support to
those who are in need.
“We are dedicated to funding global research into the causes, prevention,
treatments, and cure for autism; to raising public awareness about autism
and its effects on individuals, families, and society; and to bring hope to all
who deal with the hardships of this disorder.We are committed to raising
the funds necessary to support these goals.” – Autism Speaks
Is a national foundation to lead volunteer, and providing treatment
along resource information for families living with autism or
influenced with health care or government policy.
Supporting Canadians providing biomedical and behavioural
More opportunities to expand health care knowledge of autism as a
“I am proud to have been chosen to lead the Autism Canada
Foundation.Autism Canada is an important organization providing
support and hope to Canadians impacted by Autism.We have been
extremely lucky to have the resources to try many of the new
effective treatments which are available.” (Don Blane, President)
Ashley Patton - Donations/Events
Lucie Stephens – Family Support
This organization focus on advocacy and support, research,
best practices, government relations, public awareness and
Their mission is to each individual will understand the
meaning of life and respected as anyone else in society.
Autism Ontario is the greatest information source and
referral on autism and one of the largest groups representing
the autism community.
The group is guided by a Board of Directors, primarily made
up of parents of individuals with autism, and a host of
respected professionals who provide help with their guidance
and expertise to the organization as volunteers.
Location: 1179 King StreetWest, Suite 004Toronto,
ON M6K 3C5
Kerrys Place was founded in 1974 by leaders developing and
providing supports building their knowledge to others.
Their values of working with people they support, families,
staff, funders, community partners and stakeholders of
respect, choice, integrity, teamwork and continuous learning.
Kerry's Place Autism Services is the largest provider in
Canada, serving over 7 000 people with ASD and their families
Contact: Kerrys Place
Phone: (416) 537-2000
Location: 12A - 219 Dufferin St.
Toronto, ON M6K 3J1
Geneva Centre for Autism
Research discovered, in 1983, that participants did
better during the program than in the monthly visits.
The centre focused its funding on a year-round service
the change happened in 1984 when the small cap
became a full service agency.
Embrace individuals with autism and their families to
be participate in communities.
Providing delivery services with excellent and
Raising awareness and understanding of autism
promote the rights of each person be treated.
Contact: Geneva Centre for Autism
Phone: (416) 322-7877
Location: 112 Merton Street
Canada M4S 2Z8
With a child who has autism, include them with the
other children in the class.“Same opportunity to learn,
enjoy and participate as others.” (Class Notes,Week 1)
Getting the child to be involve with the activities, not
excluding them and making them feel they are left out.
Also, getting the parents involve with the activities to
see what their child had learned, communicating with
the parents to get more support for them.“Connect
with local organizations that support families” (Class
Most important ACCEPT FORWHOTHEY ARE.
What is Autism Speaks? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qSTFDUmXMOI
Support Autism Canada https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q3t22bDghy4
Clip Art – Microsoft PowerPoint