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Autism Presentation

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Autism Presentation

  1. 1. Autism Spectrum Disorder Sangi M. Susuico ED 443 November 4, 2008
  2. 2. Objectives: <ul><li>Definition </li></ul><ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>Prevalence </li></ul><ul><li>Causes and Characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Educational Adaptations </li></ul><ul><li>Transition </li></ul>
  3. 3. According to IDEA: <ul><li>A developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and non-verbal communication and social interaction usually evident before age 3 that adversely affects a child’s educational performance. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Included in this group <ul><li>Pervasive developmental disorders not otherwise specified (PDDNOS) </li></ul><ul><li>Rett Syndrome </li></ul><ul><li>Childhood disintegrative disorder </li></ul>
  5. 5. Continued….. <ul><li>Asperger’s Syndrome </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hans Asperger </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Poem </li></ul><ul><ul><li>RAGE By David, Age 10 </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Characteristics/Behaviors: <ul><li>Lack of or delay in spoken language </li></ul><ul><li>Repetitive use of language or motor mannerisms </li></ul><ul><li>Little to no eye contact </li></ul><ul><li>Lack interest in peer relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Lack spontaneous or make believe play </li></ul><ul><li>Fixation with certain objects </li></ul>
  7. 7. Special Characteristics <ul><li>Theory of Mind </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sally and Anne Test </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hypersensitivity to sensory stimuli </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental noises </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Touch </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. History of Autism <ul><li>Leo Kanner, 1943 </li></ul><ul><li>Michael Rutter </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Basic Characteristics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Failure to develop social relationships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Language delays with impaired comprehension </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ritualistic or compulsive behaviors </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Causes <ul><li>Genetic defects </li></ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul><ul><li>Medical problems </li></ul><ul><li>Other risks </li></ul>
  10. 10. Prevalence <ul><li>1.5 Million Americans </li></ul><ul><li>CHAT  Baron-Cohen </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protodeclarative Pointing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gaze Motoring </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pretend Play </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Treatments <ul><li>Therapy and behavioral interventions </li></ul><ul><li>Medication </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Antidepressants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anti-psychotic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anti-convulsant </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Adaptations: <ul><li>Curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Functional Behavioral Analysis (FBA) </li></ul><ul><li>Programs for Early Childhood </li></ul><ul><ul><li>AAC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AT </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Helpful Programs <ul><li>LOVAAS </li></ul><ul><li>TEACCH </li></ul><ul><li>LEAP </li></ul><ul><li>Pivotal Response Model </li></ul><ul><li>Walden EC Program </li></ul>
  14. 14. Common threads among programs : <ul><li>Curriculum Content </li></ul><ul><li>Highly supported and structured settings </li></ul><ul><li>Predictability and routine </li></ul><ul><li>Functional approach to behaviors </li></ul><ul><li>Transition </li></ul>
  15. 15. Adapting Teaching Strategies <ul><li>Structure and routines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ecological variations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collateral skills interventions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Child specific interventions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peer mediated intervention procedure </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Common Methods <ul><li>Integrated Play Group </li></ul><ul><li>Social Stories </li></ul><ul><li>Sensory Integration </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptive P.E. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Adapting Technology
  18. 18. Transition, Family & Lifespan <ul><li>Need follow ups </li></ul><ul><li>Employment </li></ul><ul><li>Parent Role </li></ul><ul><li>SPED Laws </li></ul><ul><li>The courts </li></ul>
  19. 19. Latest Research: <ul><li>National Institute of Neurological Disorder and Stroke (NINDS) </li></ul><ul><li>Autism coordinating committee </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Experiments </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. The Face of Autism http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G7kHSOgauhg
  21. 21. Summary
  22. 22. References: <ul><li>Kirk, Samuel A., et al. Educating Exceptional Children. 11 th Ed. Houghton Mifflin. New York, 2006. </li></ul><ul><li>National Institute of Neurological Disorders </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/autism/detail_autism.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Autism Society of America </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.autismsociety.org/site/PageServer?pagename=about_home </li></ul><ul><li>Ezine Articles </li></ul><ul><li>http://ezinearticles.com/?Good-Activities-For-Children-With-Autism&id=1314017 </li></ul>
  23. 23. References continued <ul><li>Google http:// images.google.com </li></ul><ul><li>Mesibov, Gary., et al. Autism Understanding the Disorder. Plenum Press, New York, 1997. </li></ul><ul><li>Ghezzi, Patrick. Et al. Autism: Behavior Analytic Perspectives. Context Press, Reno Nevada, 1999. </li></ul><ul><li>Koegel, Robert. Teaching Children with Autism. Paul Brookes Publishing, 1995. </li></ul>

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