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What is
poetry?
A form of art in which
language is used for
its aesthetic and
evocative qualities
with or without its
apparent meaning.
It is derived from
the Greek word
poiesis, meaning
"making" or
"creating‖
often uses particular
forms and conventions
to expand the literal
meaning of the
words, or to evoke
emotional or sensual
r...
What are
the
origins of
poetry?
Many ancient works, from
the Vedas to the
Odyssey, appear to have
been composed in poetic
form to aid memorization
and ora...
The oldest surviving poem is the Epic of
Gilgamesh, from the 3rd millennium BC in
Sumer (Mesopotamia, now Iraq), which was...
Other ancient epic poetry includes the
Greek epics, Iliad and Odyssey, and
the Indian epics, Ramayana and the
Mahabharata.
What are
the
genres of
poetry?
POETIC GENRES
Narrative
Poetry

Satirical
Poetry

Epic
Poetry

Lyric
Poetry

Dramatic
Poetry
Narrative Poetry
Tells a story
May be the oldest genre
of poetry
Includes
epics, ballads, idylls and
lays
Epic Poetry
It
recounts,
in
a
continuous narrative, the
life and works of a heroic
or mythological person or
group of per...
Dramatic Poetry
Is drama written in verse
to be spoken or sung, and
appears in varying and
sometimes related forms in
man...
Satirical Poetry
A punch of an insult
delivered in verse
often written for political
purposes.
A notable example is tha...
Lyric Poetry
Portrays the poet's own
feelings, state of mind, and
perceptions.
Derived from the word
"lyre―; implies tha...
What are
the basic
elements of
poetry?
Basic Elements of Poetry

RHYTHM

is the actual
sound that
results from a
line of poetry.
Basic Elements of Poetry

RHYTHM

the pattern of
stressed and
unstressed
syllables in a
line.
RHYTHM
THUS, when we describe
the rhythm of a poem, we
―scan‖ the poem and mark
the
stresses
(/)
and
absences of stress (...
Kinds of feet (English):
Iamb — unstressed syllable (^)
followed by a stressed syllable
(/)
iamb

^

The

(^/)

/^

/

^
...
Trochee — one
syllable
followed
unstressed syllable

stressed
by
an

trochee (/^)
/^
Double,

/^
double

/

^

toil

and
...
Anapest
(^^/)
—
two
unstressed syllables followed
by one stressed syllable
anapest
^

^

/^

^

/

I

am monarch of all

...
Dactyl (/^^) — one stressed
syllable followed by two
unstressed syllables
dactyl (/^^)
/

^

^

/ ^^

Take

her

up

tend...
Spondee (//)
— two
together

stressed

syllables

Pyrrhic (^^)

– two unstressed syllables
together (rare, usually used ...
Spondee and pyrrhic are called
feet, even though they contain
only one kind of stressed
syllable. They are never used as
t...
/

^ ^

/

^

^

Tossed by the tempest from

/

/^

/

pole unto pole;
Basic Elements of Poetry

METER

the
number of
feet in a
line
Basic Elements of Poetry

METER

Meter is the
definitive
pattern
established for a
verse (such as
iambic
pentameter)
Basic Elements of Poetry

METER

is often
scanned based
on the
arrangement
of "poetic feet"
into lines.
Commonly used names
for line lengths
monometer 1 foot

pentameter

5 feet

dimeter

2 feet

hexameter

6 feet

trimeter

3...
Some examples of metric system
Iambic pentameter. It contains
five feet per line, in which the
predominant kind of foot i...
REMEMBER!
1 foot = 1 syllable with a
stress and 1or 2 syllables
without a stress.
trochee (/^)
/^
Double,

/^
double

/

^...
iamb (^/)
^

The

/^

/

falling out

^

/^

/

^/^

/

^

/

of faithful friends renewing is of love

Number of feet: 7
M...
anapest
^

^

/^

^

/

I

am monarch of all
Number of feet: 3
Meter: ANAPESTIC
TRIMETER

^

^/

I

survey
dactyl (/^^)
/

^

^

/ ^^

Take

her

up

tenderly

Number of feet: 2
Meter: DACTYLLIC
DIMETER
TRY THE
FOLLOWING
SCANSION
EXERCISES!
#1
If this be error and upon me proved

I never writ, nor no man ever loved.

#2
Alas! What hereby shall I win

If he gain...
#3
As fair art thou, my bonnie lass
So deep in love am I:
And I will love thee still, my dear,
Till a’ the seas gang dry.
#4
Continuous, as the stars that shine
And twinkle on the Milky Way,
They stretched in never-ending line
Along the margin ...
Basic Elements of Poetry

RHYME

consists of identical
(hard-rhyme) or
similar (soft-rhyme)
sounds placed at the
ends of l...
Basic Elements of Poetry

THEME

can be
described as
the soul of a
poem
Basic Elements of Poetry

THEME

what the poet
wants to
express
through his
words.
Basic Elements of Poetry

THEME

may either be a
thought, a
feeling, an
observation, a
story or an
experience.
Basic Elements of Poetry

SYMBOLISM

virtual
substances and
themes to
express the
deep hidden
meaning behind
the words.
Basic Elements of Poetry

SYMBOLISM

The use of
symbolism gives
a more reflective
empathy to the
poem.
Basic Elements of Poetry

ALLITERATION

the repetition of
initial consonant
sounds in two or
more neighboring
words or
syl...
Basic Elements of Poetry

ALLITERATION

several words in a
line may be
beginning from the
same word for
example 'musical
m...
Basic Elements of Poetry

FIGURES OF
SPEECH

Used when words
and phrases that
help the reader to
picture ordinary
things i...
Another important thing to
know

STANZA

consists of two or
more lines of
poetry that
together form one
of the divisions o...
COUPLETS

stanzas of only
two lines which
usually rhyme

TERCETS

stanzas of three
lines.

QUATRAINS

stanzas of four
line...
Elements of Poetry and Scansion
Elements of Poetry and Scansion
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Elements of Poetry and Scansion

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Elements of Poetry and Scansion

  1. 1. What is poetry?
  2. 2. A form of art in which language is used for its aesthetic and evocative qualities with or without its apparent meaning.
  3. 3. It is derived from the Greek word poiesis, meaning "making" or "creating‖
  4. 4. often uses particular forms and conventions to expand the literal meaning of the words, or to evoke emotional or sensual responses
  5. 5. What are the origins of poetry?
  6. 6. Many ancient works, from the Vedas to the Odyssey, appear to have been composed in poetic form to aid memorization and oral transmission, in prehistoric and ancient societies.
  7. 7. The oldest surviving poem is the Epic of Gilgamesh, from the 3rd millennium BC in Sumer (Mesopotamia, now Iraq), which was written in cuneiform script on clay tablets and, later, papyrus.
  8. 8. Other ancient epic poetry includes the Greek epics, Iliad and Odyssey, and the Indian epics, Ramayana and the Mahabharata.
  9. 9. What are the genres of poetry?
  10. 10. POETIC GENRES Narrative Poetry Satirical Poetry Epic Poetry Lyric Poetry Dramatic Poetry
  11. 11. Narrative Poetry Tells a story May be the oldest genre of poetry Includes epics, ballads, idylls and lays
  12. 12. Epic Poetry It recounts, in a continuous narrative, the life and works of a heroic or mythological person or group of persons.
  13. 13. Dramatic Poetry Is drama written in verse to be spoken or sung, and appears in varying and sometimes related forms in many cultures. uses the discourse of the characters involved to tell a story or portray a situation.
  14. 14. Satirical Poetry A punch of an insult delivered in verse often written for political purposes. A notable example is that of the Roman poet Juvenal.
  15. 15. Lyric Poetry Portrays the poet's own feelings, state of mind, and perceptions. Derived from the word "lyre―; implies that it is intended to be sung Includes sonnets, elegy, ballads, odes , villanelles and pastourelles
  16. 16. What are the basic elements of poetry?
  17. 17. Basic Elements of Poetry RHYTHM is the actual sound that results from a line of poetry.
  18. 18. Basic Elements of Poetry RHYTHM the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line.
  19. 19. RHYTHM THUS, when we describe the rhythm of a poem, we ―scan‖ the poem and mark the stresses (/) and absences of stress (^) and count the number of feet.
  20. 20. Kinds of feet (English): Iamb — unstressed syllable (^) followed by a stressed syllable (/) iamb ^ The (^/) /^ / ^ /^ / ^/^ / ^ / falling out of faithful friends renewing is of love
  21. 21. Trochee — one syllable followed unstressed syllable stressed by an trochee (/^) /^ Double, /^ double / ^ toil and /^ trouble
  22. 22. Anapest (^^/) — two unstressed syllables followed by one stressed syllable anapest ^ ^ /^ ^ / I am monarch of all ^ ^/ I survey
  23. 23. Dactyl (/^^) — one stressed syllable followed by two unstressed syllables dactyl (/^^) / ^ ^ / ^^ Take her up tenderly
  24. 24. Spondee (//) — two together stressed syllables Pyrrhic (^^) – two unstressed syllables together (rare, usually used to end dactylic hexameter)
  25. 25. Spondee and pyrrhic are called feet, even though they contain only one kind of stressed syllable. They are never used as the sole meter of a poem. But inserted now and then, they can lend emphasis and variety to a meter.
  26. 26. / ^ ^ / ^ ^ Tossed by the tempest from / /^ / pole unto pole;
  27. 27. Basic Elements of Poetry METER the number of feet in a line
  28. 28. Basic Elements of Poetry METER Meter is the definitive pattern established for a verse (such as iambic pentameter)
  29. 29. Basic Elements of Poetry METER is often scanned based on the arrangement of "poetic feet" into lines.
  30. 30. Commonly used names for line lengths monometer 1 foot pentameter 5 feet dimeter 2 feet hexameter 6 feet trimeter 3 feet heptameter 7 feet octameter 8 feet tetrameter 4 feet
  31. 31. Some examples of metric system Iambic pentameter. It contains five feet per line, in which the predominant kind of foot is the "iamb‖ Dactylic hexameter. It has six feet per line, of which the dominant kind of foot is the dactyl.
  32. 32. REMEMBER! 1 foot = 1 syllable with a stress and 1or 2 syllables without a stress. trochee (/^) /^ Double, /^ double / ^ toil and /^ trouble
  33. 33. iamb (^/) ^ The /^ / falling out ^ /^ / ^/^ / ^ / of faithful friends renewing is of love Number of feet: 7 Meter: IAMBIC HEPTAMETER
  34. 34. anapest ^ ^ /^ ^ / I am monarch of all Number of feet: 3 Meter: ANAPESTIC TRIMETER ^ ^/ I survey
  35. 35. dactyl (/^^) / ^ ^ / ^^ Take her up tenderly Number of feet: 2 Meter: DACTYLLIC DIMETER
  36. 36. TRY THE FOLLOWING SCANSION EXERCISES!
  37. 37. #1 If this be error and upon me proved I never writ, nor no man ever loved. #2 Alas! What hereby shall I win If he gainsay me?
  38. 38. #3 As fair art thou, my bonnie lass So deep in love am I: And I will love thee still, my dear, Till a’ the seas gang dry.
  39. 39. #4 Continuous, as the stars that shine And twinkle on the Milky Way, They stretched in never-ending line Along the margin of a bay:
  40. 40. Basic Elements of Poetry RHYME consists of identical (hard-rhyme) or similar (soft-rhyme) sounds placed at the ends of lines or at predictable locations within lines (internal rhyme).
  41. 41. Basic Elements of Poetry THEME can be described as the soul of a poem
  42. 42. Basic Elements of Poetry THEME what the poet wants to express through his words.
  43. 43. Basic Elements of Poetry THEME may either be a thought, a feeling, an observation, a story or an experience.
  44. 44. Basic Elements of Poetry SYMBOLISM virtual substances and themes to express the deep hidden meaning behind the words.
  45. 45. Basic Elements of Poetry SYMBOLISM The use of symbolism gives a more reflective empathy to the poem.
  46. 46. Basic Elements of Poetry ALLITERATION the repetition of initial consonant sounds in two or more neighboring words or syllables.
  47. 47. Basic Elements of Poetry ALLITERATION several words in a line may be beginning from the same word for example 'musical melody of the mystic minstrels'.
  48. 48. Basic Elements of Poetry FIGURES OF SPEECH Used when words and phrases that help the reader to picture ordinary things in new ways are chosen in poetic lines
  49. 49. Another important thing to know STANZA consists of two or more lines of poetry that together form one of the divisions of a poem.
  50. 50. COUPLETS stanzas of only two lines which usually rhyme TERCETS stanzas of three lines. QUATRAINS stanzas of four lines.

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