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Poetry Analysis Basics


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Poetry Analysis Basics

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Poetry Analysis Basics

  1. 1. It paints pictures by means of poetic devices such as figurative language, rhythm and rhyme. A poem is a composition in verse.
  2. 2. Poets and Their Times • Poets reflect the events and ideas of their times through poetry. • Understanding of a poet’s time may lead to an understanding of his ideas. • Knowledge of a poet’s background also gives us insight into his intention. • Werefer to “schools of poets”: • The Metaphysical Poets (John Donne) • The Romantic Poets (Wordsworth) • TheWar Poets (Rupert Brooke) • The Humanist Poets (Petrarch)
  3. 3. Theme/Main Idea Form Diction (WordChoice) Tone (Attitude) Imagery Rhythm Rhyme Metre
  4. 4.  Narrative Poetry: Ballad, Epic,Allegory, Dramatic Monologue.  Lyrical Poetry: Sonnet(Petrarchan, Shakespearean, Modern), Ode,Elegy.
  5. 5. Analysis of Poetry Theme/Idea Each poem conveys the messages or intentions of the poet and these may be explicit (0bvious) or implicit (implied).The theme is the central idea of a poem.The theme is more than the topic or subject, it is the poet’s opinion of the subject which is the actual theme. A poem may be ABOUT love. . . but the centralTHEME may be that the “loss of love is worse than death.”
  6. 6. Analysis of Poetry-Form A poem is written in a particular form. Poems are usually written in lines. These lines can be grouped into stanzas.A stanza is similar to a paragraph in an essay. Enjambment ( run-on lines ) occur in poetry where there is no punctuation at the end of a line.
  7. 7. Meter – Iambic Pentameter – An Iamb contains one unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable – Penta means five – Iambic Pentameter describes a line of poetry that contains five iambs. Typically, an emphasis mark is made over the accented syllable when “scanning” poetry.
  8. 8. Poetry Techniques – Metaphors – Similes – Onomatopoeia – Hyperbole – Alliteration – Personification – Assonance – Paradox – Oxymoron
  9. 9. Metaphor: a comparison in which one thing is said to be another.
  10. 10. Symbol: when a concrete image is charged with an abstract idea.
  11. 11. Simile: a comparison of two things using the words “like” or “as”
  12. 12. Irony: an incongruity between the actual result of a sequence of events and the normal or expected result
  13. 13. Alliteration: The use of repeated consonant sounds
  14. 14. Personification: giving animal or human qualities to inanimate objects
  15. 15. Assonance: the repetition of vowel sounds in poetry
  16. 16. Paradox: in which a statement appears to contradict itself.
  17. 17. Analysis of Poetry Tone (Attitude) The tone of the poem reveals the poet’s subjective views and attitude to the reader and to the subject. Tone contributes to the mood or atmosphere of the poem. Some descriptive words for tone: • Friendly • Sharp • Sarcastic • Ironic • Angry • Humorous • Condescending
  18. 18. Analysis of Poetry Rhyme  Rhyme depends on sound,not sight.  Rhyme schemes differ.  Couplet:Twoconsecutive rhyming lines  Quatrain: Four-lined stanza.  Sestet:The last six lines of a sonnet, or a six line stanza  Octave: an eight line stanza
  19. 19. NARRATIVE POETRY  The Ballad  The Epic  TheAllegory  Dramatic Monologue THELYRIC  Elizabethan/ShakespeareanSonnet  Petrarchan/ItalianSonnet  ModernSonnet  TheOde  The Elegy
  20. 20.  ShakespeareanSonnet  Also called an EnglishSonnet  14 Lines  Three quatrains + rhyming couplet.  Iambic pentameter.  Couplet:Ties up the images and feelings and states the philosophy of the poet.  Rhyme Scheme: abab cdcd efef gg
  21. 21.  ItalianSonnet  Also called a Petrarchan Sonnet  Octave (8 lines) + Sestet (6 lines).  Octave: TheProblem  Sestet: TheSolution  Break =Volta  Octave: abbaabba  Sestet: cdecde or cdcdc or cddcef.
  22. 22. Poetry - Concluding Thoughts A poet is, before anything else, a person who is passionately in love with language. (W.H.Auden) Tohave great poets, there must be great audiences. (WaltWhitman) Poetry is nearer to vital truth than history. (Plato)