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Spm unit iii-risk-working in teams

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working in teams

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Spm unit iii-risk-working in teams

  1. 1. SPM-UNIT III RISK MANAGEMENT WORKING IN TEAMS Prof. Kanchana Devi
  2. 2. Working in Teams Prof. Kanchana Devi 2  Usually work/task will be divided among the groups.  Formal Groups will be divided into subgroups  There are two types  Command Group: Formal Mgmt Struct  Task Group
  3. 3. Step wise frame work Prof. Kanchana Devi 3  Identify project scope and objectives  Identify project infrastructure  Analyze project characteristics  Estimate effort for each activity  Identify activity risks  Allocate resources  Review/Publicize Plan
  4. 4. Becoming a Team Prof. Kanchana Devi 4  There are 5 basic stages of development  Forming  Storming  Norming  Performing  Adjourning
  5. 5. Forming Prof. Kanchana Devi 5  Members of the group get to know each other  Set up some ground rules about behavior
  6. 6. Storming Prof. Kanchana Devi 6  Conflicts arises, everyone will try to dominate(Leadership)  Group’s methods of operation are established
  7. 7. Norming Prof. Kanchana Devi 7  Conflicts are settled  A feel of group identity emerges
  8. 8. Performing Prof. Kanchana Devi 8  The emphasis will be on the task at hand
  9. 9. Adjourning Prof. Kanchana Devi 9  The group disbands
  10. 10. Balance – Different People Prof. Kanchana Devi 10  The Chair  The Plant  The Monitor – Evaluator  The Sharper  The Team Worker  The Resource Investigator  The Completer – Finisher  The Company Worker  Similar to our institution
  11. 11. Group Performance Prof. Kanchana Devi 11  One way of categorizing group tasks into:  Additive Tasks  Effort to get final result  Compensatory Tasks  Judgments of individual group members are pooled  Disjunctive Tasks  Only one correct answer  Conjunctive Tasks  Progress is governed by the rate of slowest performer
  12. 12. Decision Making Prof. Kanchana Devi 12  Decisions are categorized as  Structured: Simple, Routine Decisions (Rules can be applied in straight forward way)  Unstructured: More Complex and often requiring a degree of creativity
  13. 13. Obstacles to make good decision Prof. Kanchana Devi 13  Faulty Heuristics  “Rule of Thumb”  Escalation of Commitment  Difficult to alter  Information Overload  Too much of information
  14. 14. Obstacles to good GROUP decision Prof. Kanchana Devi 14  Groups deal less effectively with  Poor Structures  Problems need Creative Solutions  Risky Shifts – Making decision on their own
  15. 15. Methods to reduce the disadvantages of group DM Prof. Kanchana Devi 15  Delphi Technique: Given a problem following procedure have to be carried out  The cooperation of a number of experts is enlisted  The problem is presented to the experts  The experts record their recommendations  These recommendations are collated and reproduced  The collected responses are re-circulated  The experts comment  If there is any deviation the process will be stopped
  16. 16. Team Heedfulness Prof. Kanchana Devi 16  Eg: Foot Ball team  Group members are aware of activities of others that contribute to overall success  “Collective Mind”  Shared Understanding, Familiarity and good communications  In software development environment  Egoless Programming  Chief Programmer Teams  Extreme Programming  Scrum – Similar to Agile Model
  17. 17. Organization & Team Structure Prof. Kanchana Devi 17  There are two important issues that are critical to the effective functioning of every organization are  Department Structure  How is a department is organized into teams?  Team Structure  How are project teams structured?
  18. 18. Department Structure Prof. Kanchana Devi 18  There are three broad ways in which a software development department can be structured:  Functional Format  Project Format  Matrix Format
  19. 19. Functional Format VS Project Format Prof. Kanchana Devi 19 Top Management Project Team n Project Team 1 Top Management a. Project Organization Requirements Design Coding Networking Testing Database Project Team n Project Team 1 b. Functional Organization Functional Groups
  20. 20. Matrix Format Prof. Kanchana Devi 20 Project Functional Group #1 #2 #3 #1 2 0 3 Functional Manager 1 #2 0 5 3 Functional Manager 2 #3 0 4 2 Functional Manager 3 #4 1 4 0 Functional Manager 4 #5 0 4 6 Functional Manager 5
  21. 21. Team Structure Prof. Kanchana Devi 21  Denotes the reporting, responsibility and communication structures in individual project teams  There are only three team structures:  Democratic  Chief Programmer  Mixed team organization
  22. 22. Chief Programmer team Prof. Kanchana Devi 22 Project Manager Reporting Team Members
  23. 23. Democratic Team Prof. Kanchana Devi 23 Team Member Communication
  24. 24. Mixed Control Team Structure Prof. Kanchana Devi 24 Team Members Senior Members Project Manager

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