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Spm unit iii-risk-resource allocation


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resource allocation

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Spm unit iii-risk-resource allocation

  2. 2. Resource Allocation- Introduction  Helps in reviewing and modifying the ideal activity plan.  Helps in revise stage or project completion dates  The final result of resource allocation involves schedules like  Activity Schedule  Resource Schedule  Cost Schedule 2 Prof. Kanchana Devi
  3. 3. Nature of Resources Prof. Kanchana Devi 3  A resource is any item or person required for the execution of the project  In general resource will fall into one of the seven categories  Labor  Equipment  Materials  Space  Service  Time  Money
  4. 4. Identifying Resource Requirements Prof. Kanchana Devi 4  The first step in resource allocation plan is to list the resources that will be required along with the expected level of demand.  This can be done by considering each activity in turn and identifying the resources required.
  5. 5. Identifying Resource Requirement Prof. Kanchana Devi 5
  6. 6. Resource Requirement List Prof. Kanchana Devi 6
  7. 7. Scheduling Resources Prof. Kanchana Devi 7  After identifying resource requirement list, next is to map this list to activity plan to assess the distribution of resources required over the duration of the project.  Can be done by representing the activity plan as a bar chart and produce a histogram for each resource.
  8. 8. Prof. Kanchana Devi 8 Schedule Total Float
  9. 9. Problem Prof. Kanchana Devi 9  It causes two analyst/designers to be idle for twelve days  One for seven days  One for two days between specification and design  Another problem in uneven histogram is it is that more likely to call for levels of resource beyond those available.
  10. 10. Prof. Kanchana Devi 10
  11. 11. Smoothing Prof. Kanchana Devi 11  By adjusting the start date of some activities and splitting others, a resource histogram can subject to constraints such as precedence requirement, be smoothed to contain resource at available levels.  By delaying the start of some activities, reduces the maximum level of demand for the resource.  Non-critical activities can be split, they can provide a useful way of filling.
  12. 12. Two ways of prioritizing Prof. Kanchana Devi 12  Total float priority  Activities are ordered according to the total float  Smallest total float has higher priority(Like Ranking)  Ordered list priority  Activities that can be proceed at the same time are ordered according to a set of simple criteria.  Burman’s Priority list:  Shortest Critical Activities  Critical Activities  Shortest Non-Critical Activities  Non-Critical Activities with Least Float  Non- Critical Activities
  13. 13. Creating Critical Paths Prof. Kanchana Devi 13  Scheduling resources can create new critical paths.  Delaying the start of an activity due to lack of resources will cause that activity to become critical  Delay in completing one activity can delay the availability of a resource required for later activity.
  14. 14. Allocating Individuals Prof. Kanchana Devi 14  Availability  Criticality  Risk  Training  Team Building
  15. 15. Cost Schedule Prof. Kanchana Devi 15  Categories of cost  Staff cost  Staff Salary  Overheads  Expenditure of organization  Usage Charges  Charge for use of resource