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HOWARD GARDNER’STHEORY OF MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES Kelsey Abbott PSY 200 9 July 2012
What is Gardner’s theory?• Psychologist Howard Gardner developed a theory of multiple intelligences• In this theory he reasons that humans have a minimum of eight intelligences Musical Bodily kinesthetic Logical-mathematical Linguistic Spatial Interpersonal Intrapersonal Naturalist• Each of these “intelligences” can be measured separately• However, normally activities use more than one intelligence at a time• Led to intelligence tests where more than one answer can be correct
Musical Intelligence Skills in tasks involving music This could be in the form of a child prodigy of music Some people have a natural ability to learn to play an instrument and in some cases multiple instruments For example, some people can sit down at a piano and “play by ear” a song for which they have no sheet music
Bodily Kinesthetic Intelligence Skills in use of the body or parts of it Skills used for problem solving People who possess more of this intelligence include: • Athletes • Dancers • Actors
Logical-Mathematical Intelligence Skills in problem solving Skills in scientific thinking May think about something and “reason it out” until an answer is reached This group can include many of the world’s “brightest” minds Can lead to “eureka” moments
Linguistic Intelligence Skills in the production and use of language Think about some of the famous poets and their deliberate use of language: • Edgar Allen Poe’s “Annabel Lee” or “The Raven” • William Wordsworth Think of some of the most memorable orators and their command of language: • Winston Churchill • Martin Luther King, Jr. • President Roosevelt’s “Fireside Chats”
Spatial Intelligence Skills involving spatial configurations These include the skills used by artists and architects They who possess this intelligence abundantly are more likely to be able to “envision” things or see how they should look and be Another example is Natives of the Truk Islands who use the stars and their skills to navigate the seas
INTER AND INTRA PERSONALInter per sonal Intelligence Intraper sonal Intelligence• Skills in interacting with others • Skills in interpreting one’s inner self• Sensitivity to moods and motivations of others • Able to reflect upon one’s own feelings and emotions• “Good People Skills” • Potentially more reserved• Teachers, coaches, managers • Authors, such as Poe and Woolf
Naturalist Intelligence The ability to identify and classify patterns in nature Would have been necessary for survival in earlier times In primitive times, those who possessed a lot of this intelligence may have been looked upon favorably by those around them. Today some people have a great ability to distinguish one plant, tree, and animal from another.